‘The “Renaissance” in Nuclear Physics: Low-Energy Nuclear Reactions and Transmutations’ (New Paper in Polish Journal)

Thanks to Jonas Matuzas for posting a link to a new paper in the Always Open thread.

The title of the paper is ‘The “Renaissance” in Nuclear Physics: Low-Energy Nuclear Reactions and Transmutations’ by Paolo Di Sia, published in World Scientific News an interdisciplinary journal published under the auspices of The Ministry of Science and Higher Education in Poland.

Here is the abstract:

ABSTRACT Nuclear structure theory has recently undergone an unexpected “renaissance” that canbe attributed to two factors: (a) Since 1989, experimental findings have indicated isotopic anomalies in “chemical systems” at energies well below the expected ~10 MeV nuclear level.(b) Since 2007, remarkable ab initio super-computer calculations of nuclear properties have been made under the assumption that nucleons have well-defined intranuclear positions (x ≤2 fm). Assuming a magnetic structure of nucleons consistent with classical physics, we have made related lattice calculations of nuclear binding energies and magnetic moments. Our results compare favorably with results from other Copenhagen-style nuclear models.

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Rossi: E-Cat SK Turns On and Off via Thermostat ‘Like Any Normal Heating System’

There are some interesting questions and comments on the Journal of Nuclear Physics regarding the temperature regulation of the E-Cat SK. According to Andrea Rossi, the SK has a thermostat for the SK, meaning that the E-Cat can turn on and off as with any typical heater that is set to operate within a certain temperature range.

Greg Leonard
December 13, 2018 at 6:57 AM
Daer AR,
It sounds, from your answer to Bernie Morrissey, that your factory SK is operating in much the same way as any central heating system.
Is the SK being fully turned off when the thermostat clicks off, and then restarted when the thermostat clicks on?
What sort of timescales does the SK use for its turning off and on again?

Looking forward eagerly to your January demonstration.
regards,
Greg Leonard

Andrea Rossi
December 13, 2018 at 9:26 AM
Greg Leonard:
Yes, it turns off at T2 and on at T1, like in a normal heating system, we use stuff off the shelf for these functions. The timing depends on the delta T in the specific operational system.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

Italo R.
December 13, 2018 at 8:03 AM
Dear Dr. Rossi,

you said that a thermostat is used to keep constant the factory temperature, because the amount of heat provided by your plant is higher than that needed to compensate for the heat loss to the outside. I ask:

1) – Does the thermostat gradually adjust (up or down) the output power proportionally according to the amount of heat required? Or:

2) – Is it ON-OFF type? In this case, when it is OFF, the system is switched OFF in no time, and when it is ON, the system is put back into 100% operation.
How long is it necessary for the plant to return full operating? Instantly, a few seconds, or how much time?.

Andrea Rossi
December 13, 2018 at 9:21 AM
Italo R.:
2.
Same behavior as in normal heaters, there is a short integral transitory.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

Taking Andrea Rossi at face value here, it sounds like the control system has developed to a degree that turning the reaction on and off is a straightforward affair now. I recall in early versions of the E-Cat, this was not the case, and that would make the reactor more problematic to deal with in a heating system.

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Rossi: First Commercial E-Cat SK Installation Operating Since Nov 19th

Andrea Rossi has made a few more comments in response to questions on the Journal of Nuclear Physics about the E-Cat SK that he reported had been installed in an industrial setting somewhere in the United States:

Raffaele Bongo
December 11, 2018 at 11:22 AM
Hello A. Rossi
With the E-Cat you are currently heating an industrial premises at 25 ° Celsius.
1 – Can you specify this choice? The logic would be that for a room in which employees work, the room temperature is lower (about 21 to 22 ° C)
2 – Can you tell us what is the surface of the room where the volume?

Andrea Rossi
December 11, 2018 at 6:22 PM
Raffaele Bongo:
1- Choice of the Client
2- I do not know precisely, but I’d say about 250 square meters by about 3 m of height.

Frank Acland
December 11, 2018 at 8:38 PM
Dear Andrea,

Is the E-Cat SK still heating the factory at 25 degrees C? If so, how long has it been doing so continuously?

Andrea Rossi
December 11, 2018 at 9:41 PM
Frank Acland:
Yes, it is working since November 19.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

Since no big announcement has been made from the customer about this, I don’t expect we will hear much more about this installation. It might well be that the customer does not a lot of attention from curious outsiders.

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BLP SunCell Test to Destruction (Video)

Thanks to Bob Greenyer for posting this video from Brilliant Light Power which I had not seen before. It shows a SunCell being activated by a worker, and very soon a hole in the side is burned through.

This is the BLP’s description of what is shown:

“The SunCell reactor was at 30°C when the reaction was initiated. The reactor comprised boron nitride molten metal reservoirs and a ceramic-coated stainless steel (SS) dome. The molten metal was gallium that was injected with a SS electromagnetic pump injector inside of the reactor to hit the other boron nitride reservoir with pooled gallium that served as the counter electrode. The gas was over-atmospheric argon-H2 of a non-combustible stoichiometry. The source of O to form HOH catalyst was trace gallium oxide. The hydrino reaction caused the pressure and temperature in the SS dome to go vertical. The hydrino reaction can develop explosive power (note that the blow off valve was activated at ignition). The jet was the hydrino plasma that breached the wall that was melted by the heat from the hydrino reaction. The source of power is H2 to molecular hydrino H2(1/4) + 50 MJ catalyzed the HOH catalyst. H2 goes in and H2(1/4) and massive power comes out. The H2 can be obtained from the electrolysis of water using 1/200th the energy released in the reaction of the hydrogen to hydrino.”

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-wvMmdF8gBM&feature=youtu.be

You can see before the ignition that the area where the heat is concentrated is already discolored, not sure what that means.

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Laser-Induced Nuclear Processes in Ultra-Dense Hydrogen Take Place in Small Non-superfluid HN(0) Clusters (New Holmlid Paper)

Thanks to Axil Axil for the following comment:

As per can, a new, recently published paper from Leif Holmlid. This one is open access.

* * * * *

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10876-018-1480-5

Laser-Induced Nuclear Processes in Ultra-Dense Hydrogen Take Place in Small Non-superfluid HN(0) Clusters

Abstract: Charged and neutral kaons are formed by impact of pulsed lasers on ultra-dense hydrogen H(0). This superfluid material H(0) consists of clusters of various forms, mainly of the chain-cluster type H2N. Such clusters are not stable above the transition temperature from superfluid to normal matter. In the case studied here, this transition is at 525 K for D(0) on an Ir target, as reported previously. Mesons are formed both below and above this temperature. Thus, the meson formation is not related to the long chain-clusters H2N but to the small non-superfluid cluster types H3(0) and H4(0) which still exist on the target above the transition temperature. The nuclear processes forming the kaons take place in such clusters when they are transferred to the lowest s = 1 state with H–H distance of 0.56 pm. At this short distance, nuclear processes are expected within 1 ns. The superfluid chain-cluster phase probably has no direct importance for the nuclear processes. The clusters where the nuclear processes in H(0) take place are thus quite accurately identified.

H3

H3(0) is a flat triangular 3 atom molecule

See
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Triatomic_hydrogen

Brilliant Light Power Publishes 4th Quarter Update

Thanks to a reader for pointing out that Brilliant Light Power has posted a 4th quarter Update on its website here:

https://brilliantlightpower.com/fourth-quarter-2018-update/

Actually there are two updates, a business one and an analytical (scientific) one. In the business update they talk about the evolution of the SunCell and state that they are now working on a quartz version whose construction the have outsourced to a vendor.

They have also posted a new video, linked here on their Twitter account, in which they state they have a planned meeting with scientists from the Department of Defense.

Possible ‘Strange Radiation’ Detection From LION Four Reactor (Bob Greenyer Video)

Bob Greenyer has made a new video in which he reports on testing on the LION Four reactor he has received from LENR researcher LION. He has done testing with a cosmic ray finder and reports in this video that he has detected nine detections, of which he states that six are “interesting”.

Raw and processed data can be found at this Google Drive link:

https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1WU0EO5Kvy-2dQuG8L1nrQsxqPlHHif1c

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ugokeM-NAVk

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Rossi: E-Cats Can Now be Made Automatically

Gerard McEk sent some interesting questions to Andrea Rossi today, and received the following responses.

Gerard McEk
December 5, 2018 at 8:24 AM
Dear Andrea,
Just a few questions:
1. Can you tell us if you are already able to produce the ECats automatically?
AR: yes.
2. By when do you intend to start production, or has production started already?
AR: the production will follow the demand.
3. Will you also produce the ECat controllers in your production plants?
AR: yes.
4. I have always thought that the 40 MW unit is a single unit that will produce electricity. Now I understand that there will be multiple smaller units that will be located at different sites. Is the latter the right interpretation?
AR: yes.
5. Do they intend to produce electricity with the (collection of) 40 MW unit(s)?
AR: this is up to the Client
6. How much percent of the 40 MW units(s) is ready?
AR: this information is not public.
Thank you for answering our questions.
Kind regards, Gerard

Rossi here says that they “can” make E-Cats automatically, but it doesn’t sound like they are cranking them out and storing them in anticipation of high demand in the future. It sounds almost like they will be made on a “just-in-time” basis, depending on how orders start coming in. And at this point we don’t have any idea of what demand will be like. There is not much in the way of pre-publicity or advertising at this point. So far, awareness of the E-Cat is basically among the relatively small community of LENR followers, and by word of mouth among those who are close to Andrea Rossi and his current group of clients, which I guess at this point is still very small.

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Russian Proatom Article on Changing Attitudes to LENR

Russian website Proatom, which covers news and information connected with the nuclear industry has a featured article titled ”
Industrial power plant on low-threshold nuclear reactions – the reality” written by Vitaly Uzikov, an engineer at the Russian State Scientific Center Research Institute of Atomic Reactors.

The article finds the recent IEEE Spectrum article about LENR to be a significant event, because it takes the field seriously and it is apparently read by 385,000 engineers around the world.

The article is a broad review of significant happenings in the LENR field, discussing such things US Department of Defense involvement in LENR research over the years, and Japanese governmental support of LENR research.

The article also looks forward to the announced commercial presentation of Andre Rossi on January 31, 2019 where Rossi has said that an E-Cat will be shown in operation.

Uzikov chooses to use the term Low Threshold Nuclear Reaction. He writes:

“By the way, the very abbreviation LENR ( Low – Energy Nuclear Reactions ) causes specialists a reasonable rejection, and they suggest calling the observed nuclear phenomena not low-energy , but low-threshold , but the generally accepted term LENR will be used hereinafter if it is not very accurate.”

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LENR Claimed to Work –Future Cities About to Blossom (JD Sweeney)

The following post has been submitted by JD Sweeney — his original post is at: https://neuenergy.blogspot.com/2018/11/lenr-claimed-to-work.html

Continued use of fossil fuels and nuclear plants are the biggest risks to human health and safety. Yet those invested in fossil fuels and radioactive nuclear have trouble in acknowledging the real hazards involved with polluted air and water and inevitable aged reactor failure.

In any case, to avoid the next disaster, many nations have to catch up in research, engineering and deployment of cheap, non-polluting and radiation-free energy sources. On-site generation of electricity and heat, called LENR, suitable for agriculture, industry, residential complexes and unlimited-range vehicles is now being engineered for farms and future cities.

“On-site Ecat power, offers a measure of energy independence, and avoids the huge losses from distribution power line grids. In the near future the Ecat could help provide desalination, and very importantly provide the energy needed (heating and cooling/electricity) for greenhouse crops, hydroponics and dwellings.”

“LENR Cities are Ultra Designed Environments, totally self-sustainable with agriculture and independent energy supply …incorporating state of the art infrastructure and ideal ways of building homes and communities …which attracts, investment, tourism…”

LENR cities will likely blossom first in oil-rich desert nations, followed by progressive Asia, Australia and Scandinavia. Hot and arid Arizona/New Mexico will likely be among the first movers, with hurricane-prone Caribbean nations gradually rebuilding their energy infrastructure with LENR and micro-grids. In much of Europe and the rest of North America we will likely see a few LENR subdivisions plus retro-fits of coal-fired generating plants and even some Alpine resorts energized by the New Fire.

For the environment and humanity, legacy energy infrastructures are costly and destructive; by comparison, LENR is benign and inexpensive. What the world now needs is the proliferation of pollution and radiation-free energy. Yet, the UN’s nuclear watch-dog acquiesces to proliferation of nuclear electricity generation, even though the uranium process is used by rogue nations in production of nuclear missiles.

The outcry by the scientific establishment, “LENR is not possible,” gradually shifts to “I always believed in the idea.” Yet, the nuclear industry and its regulators persist with the claim that old nuclear has the cleanest and safest track record of any power sources. Given the imminence of the LENR alternative, the UN’s International Atomic Energy Agency — as it moves to reinvent its self — might plan on sponsoring a few LENR-powered communities in the poorest African countries and in war-torn Near-east.

Early implementation of LENR provides the means to arrest rising temperatures, rising coastal waters, air pollution, hunger, and in turn diminish the threat of nuclear war. Yet, we again celebrate New Year’s optimism by dancing on Titanic’s tilting deck.

And, the children cry, “I’m hungry, Mama. How high is the water, Papa?”

Sober Holidays to all, and to all a good hike.