Hot Hot Cat: Large E-Cat SK ‘Reaches 11000C+ (1 eV)’

Andrea Rossi has reported that he and his team is currently testing out a much larger version of the E-Cat QX, which he has named the E-Cat SK (after Sven Kullander).

Rossi was asked on the Journal of Nuclear Physics what temperature he was reaching with the E-Cat SK, and he responded: “1 eV (circa), measured by means of the spectrometer.”

Xavier Pitz followed up with this comment:

Xavier Pitz
March 20, 2018 at 4:50 AM
Dear Andrea,

Could you please elaborate on the temperature measurement in eV ?
I’d like to understand how “hot” is 1eV, and I’m only used to °C or K.

Is 1eV really equals to 11604.5250061657 kelvin [K] like I could read here : ?

If it is really is so hot (that’s hotter than the average (5778 K) temperature of the Sun when excluding solar flares), I think those who are still calling it “cold” fusion really have to find another name for it 🙂

eV Regards,



Rossi replied:

Andrea Rossi
March 20, 2018 at 8:11 AM
Xavier Pitz:
Yes, 1 eV=~ 11 600 K ( 11 873 C )
The T of our sun is between 15 and 1 millions K, with cold areas at ~5-6 000 K
I agree on the fact that ” cold fusion ” is not a proper definition, LENR is better.
Warm Regards,

All to be confirmed of course, but if this is reality, and the COP is high, then this is another impressive development. Although I had thought that the 2600 C (600 C on the secondary circuit, after the heat exchanger) of the E-Cat QX would have been plenty hot enough for most practical needs.

LENR/Cold Fusion Research in India (Article in Hindu Newspaper)

Thanks to Mats Lewan for posting a link to an interesting article from The Hindu newspaper, published in India, that looks at developments in the field of LENR/Cold Fusion in India.

The title of the article is “India Warms to Cold Fusion”, the link is here:

The article explains that there are at least three research projects underway in the field in India. The article states that so far none of the groups has announced making a breakthrough in terms of bulletproof verification of excess heat production, however one team at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) in Kanpur does claim verification of transmutations.

From the article:

“In our electrolysis experiments, we have found irrefutable evidence of new elements and isotopes forming that can happen only through nuclear reactions. But heat measurements are tough to verify and peers will deny their veracity,” says Professor K. P. Rajeev of IIT-Kanpur.

LENR is Occuring in SAFIRE (Axil Axil)

Thanks to Axil for posting the following in this thread earlier today. The SAFIRE project (Stellar Atmospheric Function In Regulation Experiment) is exploring the “electric sun” hypothesis.

The SAFIRE project got kicked in the teeth with LENR. These professional scientists really don’t know what is going on. Just like in the SunCell, tungsten vaporizes in nanoseconds. Like the Hutchison effect, tungsten turns into powder. This video is long but if you are interested in LENR, it is worth the time.

The LENR stuff starts at 33:00, but if you don’t know what SAFIRE is, watch it from the beginning. If you are interested in the weird stuff that MFMP is finding, you will find more of it in this video. At 1:03:18, there is a large power discharge that the presenter did not want to talk about, but in past presentations, the output form these energy bursts was up to 20,000,000 watts and He3 was found, I have a felling that the SAFIRE project is in the process of patenting this new fusion effect. The researchers may be going dark on this process. SAFIRE has opened the door to a new way to do plasma fusion without radiation and neutrons.

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Idea to Publicly Share LENR Technology (Gerold.s)

The following post was first posted on this thread by Gerold.s; I post it here as it might be useful to give it more visibility.

[Response to a post by Axil]Thanks for your input.

It seems to be clear that the fuel (we will probably start with the LION diadisks approach) setup will define to great extend a potential feasible reactor design.

I am a teacher with engineering background and work for an educational organization which has the resources and infrastructure to design and manufacture a LENR device.

What we are lacking is the deeper knowledge of LENR science and background info in order to come up with requirements to be incorporated into a design which will have a high LENR replication probability and sufficient safety measures.

We have the idea to work together with MFMP or others, who are willing to publicly share LENR technology.
We want to design and manufacture a few prototypes, which we will than hand over to MFMP or others for testing.

As you have seen, we are currently working on design variants for a hot type (dry cell) LENR reactor, which
should fulfil following requirements (our current definition):

• simple and cost effective design
e.g. use of available, industrial components (e.g. high performance ceramic glow plug normally used in diesel engines as a heat source)
Tmax of heat source = 1350°C for 60 seconds; approx. 1100°C for constant operation -> is that enough?
the water coolant flow should not exceed approx. 80°C so we would be able to use
standard available high temperature PP piping to design the outer reactor body containing water as coolant.

• safety
e.g. core reactor material, which is in in touch with the LENR active material (e.g. LION diadisks) will be tungsten, the diadisks can be embedded in a powders of graphite, boron nitride, others?
An option would probably also be to use PB as a “liquid metal core”, which melts above approx. 300°C as a primary moderator fluid containing the LENR active material (diadisks) with additives / additional fuel;
this would lead to a better heat exchange to the inner core structure made of tungsten and act as an additional
shielding against radiation and also to thermalize radiation

Is there a minimum temperature, where the LENR reaction might start? What is the expected max. temperature in the inner core?
Expected internal pressure?
Sufficient external water cooling

• high LENR reproduction probability
the inner core structure is replace- and reusable; different activation energy
sources necessary? (only heat not enough at least for diadisks? arc discharge, RF activation, laser,…) ,other important aspects?

I am aware that some relevant parameters can only be identified by experiments, but maybe you or others from the community could
give some more concrete input.

For an offline discussion I can provide my e-mail.


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‘Resonances Are At the Base of the Rossi Effect’

A few more details have been posted in recent days by Andrea Rossi on the Journal of Nuclear Physics. I asked him where he was focusing his efforts these days and he replied:

We have now three teams I am working with:
1- industrialization in the USA
2- industrialization in Sweden
3- theory elaboration
4- Ecat SK (high power modules)

I followed up asking if they had secured factory locations in both Sweden and the USA, and he replied: “We already have a secured situation in the USA, not yet in Sweden.”

The “Ecat SK” is the name Rossi is giving to the higher powered E-Cat reactors, named after Swedish physicist Sven Kullander who was an early supporter and advisor. Rossi wrote: “Yes, we decided to dedicate to Sven Kullander the high energy reactors. We are strongly indebted with him and I will never forget that he, while fighting for his health in the last days of his life, still helped our work with his priceless suggestions.”

Another interesting point came in a reply to a question from Raffaele Bongo who asked whether the resonance of the hydrogen ion could be behind the Rossi effect. Rossi answered:

I do not think so, albeit I think that resonances are at the base of our effect, as explained in the summary of 6 minutes of the demo we made at the IVA of Stockholm: you can easily find the link to it on

Cold Fusion Now! podcast with ISCMNS Chief Exec William Collis

March, 2018 — The Cold Fusion Now! podcast presents William Collis, the Chief Executive of the International Society for Condensed Matter Nuclear Science, the association that serves cold fusion/LENR scientific researchers globally. William has a degree in Biochemistry from the University of Oxford and is an expert in atomic weights. After a career in embedded …

Continue reading "Cold Fusion Now! podcast with ISCMNS Chief Exec William Collis"

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SRI Independently Verifies Brillouin LENR Reactions (Brillouin Energy Press Release)

The following press release has been published on the Brillouin Energy Website here:

Increased COPs, Increased Power Output, Increased LENR Heat, Better Calorimetry, More Extensive Testing

BERKELEY, CA, March 13th,2018–Researchers at SRI International ( have issued a Technical Progress Report covering their review and independent validation of Brillouin Energy’s on-going testing and scaling efforts of its most advanced Isoperibolic (“IPB”) Hydrogen Hot Tube™ (HHT™) component prototypes, which generate controlled Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (“LENR”).

In their 2017 Report, SRI’s researchers confirmed that they have continued to successfully replicate“over-unity” amounts of thermal energy (heat) in Brillouin Energy’s IPB HHTs, now at materially greater output levels than was seen in their prior replication efforts that were documented in their 2016 Report. SRI conducted extensive review and third-party tests of Brillouin Energy’s technology throughout 2017. This included review of considerable test data from Brillouin’s four individual IPB HHT™LENR reactor test systems, plus 34 different HHT™ reactor cores that were designed to increase scaling of power outputs and reactor control.Dr.Francis Tanzella was again the principal investigator assigned to SRI’s testing of Brillouin Energy’s LENR systems and conducted all of the third party validation work.

“Brillouin Energy has made real progress in defining the engineering pathway forward,and in demonstrating increased potential to scale total power production in its reactors. This is reflected in SRI’s 2017 Report as compared to SRI’s 2016 Report. Their growing list of technical achievements are leading to a number of resultst hat we have not seen before. Increased COP’s, increased repeatable excess power outputs, increased LENR heat, better calorimetry, and transportability of multiple reactor systems performing independently –it’s continuing to point to a potential breakthrough.” said Dr. Tanzella, Managerof the Low Energy Nuclear Reactions Program, Energy & Environment Center, SRI International.

“The results validated in the 2017 SRI Report are the strongest proof yet that Brillouin Energy is on the path to commercialization”, said David Firshein,Chief Financial Officer of Brillouin Energy. “The company has proven with increasing scientific evidence, which SRI has independently verified, that its reactor systems can produce actual LENR heat at lab scale,which is both controllable on demand and repeatable, in multiple reactor systems and components manufactured and run the same way.

Mr. Firshein added,“this is the second ProgressReport from SRI International that verified Brillouin Energy’s technical claims. The results validated in this year’s Report are up to three times greater than those validated in the previous year’s Report. The company’s current growth capital raise will fund the next stage of scaling heat outputs to industrially useful levels.”

The 2017 Technical Progress Report summarizes all of the data and conclusions from SRI International’s year-long validation test review of Brillouin Energy’s IPB HHT™LENR reactor systems. To view the 2017 Report, click here:

For further information about this News Release, please contact:
Grant Draper       +1-415-745-0254

About Brillouin Energy Corp.:

Brillouin Energy is a clean-technology company based in Berkeley, CA, which is developing an ultra-clean, low-cost, renewable energy technology that is capable of producing commercially useful amounts of thermal energy from LENR. Brillouin’s LENR technology includes a proprietary method of electrical stimulation of nickel metal conductors using its Q-Pulse™ control system. The process stimulates the system to produce LENR reactions, which generate excess heat.Other than the heat output, there are no (zero) toxic or CO2 bi-product emissions of any kind.

For further information about Brillouin Energy Corp., please contact:

David Firshein,      +1-415-419-6429

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Paper: “Surface Patterning of Synthetic Diamond Crystallites Using Nickel Powder”

Stephen made the following comment on this thread:

Ahlfors on the LENR forum just posted a very interesting paper on diamond etching with nickel powder that I thought you would definitely find interesting.

This is paper linked:

It could be interesting information in trying to put together together along with the Maccle formation and local EM/thermal environment what process are working together in creating these features. And if that can help paramatererise what is needed to stimulate and contain the transmutations you seem to be seeing.

Bob Greenyer made this reply to Stephen’s comment:

This is an interesting paper, thanks for drawing it to my attention – especially considering the use of Nickel and Diamond.

Firstly, it is based on the immersion of the Diamonds in 12-52μm nickel powder, Nickel of course is not present in the powder form in LION. Having the nickel in this scale will allow sintering processes at 600ºC and lower perhaps – so the Nickel becomes mobile and catalytically active.

Secondly, whilst there are nano particles seen in the cavities, there is no suggestion that they are composed of anything other than Nickel, Carbon and oxygen.

We did not detect Boron in our diamonds, perhaps limitation of the analysis – however, the study does state that its diamonds contain Boron.

Perhaps the Deuterium Oxide changes the catalytic dynamics?

Further, there does not appear to be the abundance of ‘spheres’ forming on the surface of the diamond.

It could be that Nickel catalytically splits D2O releasing some O that forms some CO with the diamonds C and this in turn chemically transports some of the Ni via the Mond process that then deposits itself on the diamonds and nano nickel particulates subsequently leading to a similar process to that which is cited in this paper – however, this does not account for the other elements and ‘spheres’ found.

There does not appear to be any ‘molten nickel’ type structures (see attached image) as shown in Fig. 2 (b1), which one might expect if this was the process, especially since no acid washing process was done in an attempt to remove metals.


What is also interesting is that, of the diamonds that remain – they seam to have been wholly or in part, turned ‘black’ could this mean they have turned into graphite structure? Have the LION diamonds been fully converted to graphite? The process in the paper is a surface effect.

“In Nickel structure (Fig. 1S), the edge length of the equilateral triangle formed by the three adjacent atoms on (111) plane is 2.49 Å. While that of three atoms in diamond structure is 2.52 Å. Because their edge lengths are very close, Ni atoms on (111) plane can be vertically aligned with diamond atoms. As shown in Fig. 2S [18] , three Ni atoms are vertically aligned with diamond atom 1, 3, 5. With two unpaired d electrons, Ni atoms will attract electrons of diamond atom 1, 3, 5 and simultaneously compress atom 2, 4, 6. Then, diamond structure is convertedto hexagonal graphite structure with the inner triangle length is 2.46 Å”

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MIT Goal: Fusion Demonstration Plant in 15 Years

A news release from MIT announces a collaborative research project between MIT and a private company, Commonwealth Fusion Systems with a goal to demonstrate a prototype fusion reactor within 15 years.

Some excerpts from the release:

“CFS will join with MIT to carry out rapid, staged research leading to a new generation of fusion experiments and power plants based on advances in high-temperature superconductors — work made possible by decades of federal government funding for basic research.

“CFS is announcing today that it has attracted an investment of $50 million in support of this effort from the Italian energy company Eni . . .

“The new effort aims to build a compact device capable of generating 100 million watts, or 100 megawatts (MW), of fusion power. This device will, if all goes according to plan, demonstrate key technical milestones needed to ultimately achieve a full-scale prototype of a fusion power plant that could set the world on a path to low-carbon energy . . .

“SPARC is designed to produce about 100 MW of heat. While it will not turn that heat into electricity, it will produce, in pulses of about 10 seconds, as much power as is used by a small city. That output would be more than twice the power used to heat the plasma, achieving the ultimate technical milestone: positive net energy from fusion.”

So it looks like MIT is seeing an opportunity to move fusion forward faster than the other projects such as ITER and US National Ignition Facility which are notoriously slow in reaching their goals. There are other private companies like Lockheed Martin, Tri Alpha Energy, Helion Energy and General Fusion which are trying to speed up commercialization of fusion.

Still, if Andrea Rossi can actually break through into the commercial space with a much cheaper, more efficient commercial energy solution, we might find more research efforts moving into the LENR arena.

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80 W E-Cat QX Reactors for First Plants

We’ve heard different numbers from Andrea Rossi over the years about the power rating for the E-Cat QX reactors. He has mentioned 20 W and 40 W in the past, but on the Journal of Nuclear Physics yesterday he has confirmed the rating for the reactors to be used in the first plants at 80 W each.

This would mean that to make a 1 MW plant, he would need to combine 12500 individual reactors together. Rossi has said in the past that a single controller can drive 100 reactors. If that holds true for the plants, then a 1 MW plant would need 125 control systems. In addition, Rossi has stated that there will be redundancy built in to allow for uninterrupted operation when E-Cats need to be replaced by fresh ones.

We have heard recently that newer, much larger individual reactors of 10 kW and 100 kW are being tested, but Rossi has emphasized that they are still in the R&D phase, and require extensive testing before they can be considered viable. He wrote this today:

Andrea Rossi
March 9, 2018 at 6:10 AM
Svein Henrik:
You must make a distinction between what I am sure of, what is possible and what I am not sure of. While the 80 W QXs are a reality that works and we are industrializing, the big reactors ( 10 kW and 100 kW ) are prototypes far from being ready for industrialization NOW. Therefore I answered to you on the base of future possibilities, while to Frank Acland based upon the situation related to the year 2018.
Warm Regards,

So he considers the 80 W QXs a reality that work well enough for industrialization, while other options need further work.