A new video by Bob Greenyer of the Martin Fleischmann Memorial Project examines a paper presented by Alexander Shishkin in October 2018 titled ‘A New Type of Penetrating Radiation’ in which a new type of radiation is proposed. J.A. Crowther, in 1921, proposed a form of radiation termed ‘J’ radiation. Shishkin names the radiation ‘MagnetoToroElectrical Radiation’ (MTER), and could be detected as traces on photographic film, and are potentially dangerous to biological material unless appropriately shielded.
Thanks to Max Nozin for referencing a new patent application (published February 7th, 2019) filed by Google Inc. and the University of Maryland, College Park on Aug 3, 2017.
The title is “Enhanced Electron Screening Through Plasmon Oscillations”.
Here is the abstract:
Enhanced Coulomb repulsion screening around light element nuclei is achieved by way of utilizing electromagnetic (EM) radiation to induce plasmon oscillations in target structures (e.g., nanoparticles) in a way that produces high density electron clouds in localized regions of the target structures, thereby generating charge density variations around light element atoms located in the localized regions. Each target structure includes an electrically conductive body including light elements (e.g., a metal hydride/deuteride/tritide) that is configured to undergo plasmon oscillations in response to the applied EM radiation. The induced oscillations causes free electrons to converge in the localized region, thereby producing transient high electron charge density levels that enhance Coulomb repulsion screening around light element (e.g., deuterium) atoms located in the localized regions. Various systems capable of implementing enhanced Coulomb repulsion screening are described, and various nanostructure compositions and configurations are disclosed that serve to further enhance fusion reaction rates.
The term ‘high density electron clouds’ is familiar in connection with the E-Cat. Rossi’s recent paper “E-Cat SK and long range particle interactions” starts with this sentence in the abstract: “Some theoretical frameworks that explore the possible formation of dense exotic electron clusters in E-Cat SK are presented.”
The Google/U of Maryland Patent talks about ‘low energy fission’ in the ‘Field of Invention’ section:
The present invention relates specifically to the generation of the light-Nuclei elements (LNEs) Lithium, Beryllium and Boron by the process of low energy fission, breaking down, Carbon, Nitrogen, and Oxygen (CNOs) with the introduction of instability to the CNOs heavy stable isotopes through the application high-frequency radio waves at the NMR frequency, in the presence of a strong magnetic field, of the targeted source material.
I received the following from John Brandenburg
Attached is an abstract of a theory I will be discussing at the upcoming IEEE LENR workshop in Madison WI on Jan 31 2019. The theory is conjectural at this stage,but is based on well established work in hadron particle physics and my own recent work on a “Bohr Model” of field unification called the GEM theory, where it appears a long-range branch of Strong Force is possible.
The Pomeroid Model of LENR
J.E. Brandenburg, Kepler Aerospace
The phenomena of LENR, particularly the evidence for fusion reactions at much lower temperatures, but
much higher densities, than that seen normally in plasmas, can possibly be explained by a long-observed
long-range “branch” of the Strong Interaction seen in particle experiments, called a “Pomeron.”
Pomerons are photon-like meson particles proposed to explain the much higher than expected cross-
section for proton-proton scattering. Their presence was observed early in low energy experiments
involving colliding beams and grew in importance as energy was increased. Unlike conventional Pion
mediated Strong interactions, which drop off rapidly at distance greater than a nucleon radius ( 1.4 fm) and energies greater than a few GeV the Pomeron interaction appears to carry the Strong interaction to much larger distances and to increase dramatically at energies greater than 10 GeV. The Pomeron can
now be explained in terms of QCD as a quark-antiquark pair, a meson, forming from a high energy
photon. The creation of a Pomeron-like meson field in a region with two protons or a proton and
neutron can be expected to create a Strong Nuclear force forcing the particles together even if they are separated by much farther than many nucleon radii. However, in order for this to happen, in present
Pomeron Theory, (1) virtual high energy photons from the Quantum ZPF (Zero Point Fluctuation) will
have to Delbruck scatter (2) off of virtual photons making up the Coulomb fields of the protons. This
bizarre photon-photon scattering mechanism appears possible at significant rates due to the high
density of high energy photons in the ZPF and increased cross section of photon-photon scattering with
energy(3). It would create LENR also when connected with very high local densities of hydrogen seen in
local crystal defects in LENR materials. In addition, the phenomena of the Strong interaction being due
to Pion fields, created between protons, coming about due to ZPF photons scattering off of the
Coulombic self-energy photons near the protons, is already a model that yields the Pion masses
straightforwardly from the GEM unification theory (4), and suggests that the Pomeron is simply a high
energy branch of the conventional Strong nuclear force. Therefore, the Pomeron may provide a means
of generating a long-range branch of the nuclear force to explain LENR observations, however, such a
model requires that high energy virtual phenomenon can have dramatic effects on low energy
phenomena, connecting LENR with such exotic subjects as Dark Energy in the Cosmos.
(2) M. Schumacher, Rad. Phys. Chem. 56 (1999) 101.
Thanks to a Danish reader for sharing a link to an article from Ingeniøren, a Danish weekly newspaper that covers engineering topics.
The title of the article is (translated) “Italian inventor: Now I am ready to supply heating systems based on cold fusion”; the link is here:
The article provides on overview of what took place at the demonstration, and provides this conclusion:
“All in all, we weren’t much wiser about whether E-Cat SK is the answer to the world’s energy problems, which Rossi’s most keen fan club believes, or whether it’s cheating and scam.
“The next step must be that an independent third party is allowed to test the system and that one or more customers stand out with their own experiences. Until then, it would make sense to maintain a healthy skepticism.”
Thanks to Sverre Haslund for pointing out a report mentioned in the new Aftenposten article that was published in June 2018 by the Norwegian Defense Research Institute (FFI) titled Condensed Matter Nuclear Science, Fiction or Reality. The author is Jon Øistein Hasvold.
Link is here: https://www.ffi.no/no/Rapporter/18-00678.pdf
The document is mostly in Norwegian, but below is an English Google translation of the conclusion.
Jon Hasvold writes:
“My personal opinion is that LENR is a real phenomenon that one must follow the development of. Alternatively, one has to believe in a conspiracy of independent scientists at many different levels
institutions. That a heat development that cannot be explained by traditional chemical thermodynamics can take place is, in my opinion, documented beyond any reasonable doubt.
“For F&P type reactions, the documentation is very convincing. At the same time, it is clear that much doubtful experimental practice of the e-cat type is discussed online. The technology referred to is often trivial simple and suitable for garage chemists, but what is desirable thinking and what is substance is often difficult to determine. The commercial value of unrestricted access to energy is high, which can tempt for overselling. If a LENR process becomes commercially viable, new issues arise; the energy development is MeV per atom while ordinary chemical reactions are measured in eV per atom. (Or in more common units for chemists: Gigajoule per mole against kilojoules per mole).
“The process must be able to be tamed and if successful, it will lead to a revolution both civilian and military. market. It suggests that the development of a LENR reactor is anything but trivial. Not least, high local energy development can cause material technical problems so that the substrate for the reaction is destroyed. (Some MeV per atom reacted is definitely more than what is handled by chemical reactions). McKubre’s claim is that developments in the field today are limited by the lack of talent, not the lack of money. Removing the “pathological” stamp from CMNS could help young researchers to work with CMNS in the future as well.”
The Norwegian daily newspaper Aftenposten has published an article written by Per Kristian Bjørkeng titled, (English translation) “Claim to have revolutionary energy for sale”. A Google translation of the article can be read here.
The article provides the common overview of LENR/Cold Fusion, saying it is controversial, and is considered impossible by most scientists, but there are some quotes from some observers who are quite positive about the future of LENR.
Nils Holme, former director of the Norwegian Defense Research Institute, is quoted as saying:
“After seeing the demonstration, I think that what we have seen in truth is revolutionary. I feel quite certain that this is the start of a development that will leave deep traces in energy economy and environmental work. But I will be careful not to predict an exact time horizon for when the changes come. Such breakthroughs usually take much longer than those who first promote the technology have thought.”
Per Espen Stoknes, Associate Professor at the Norwegian Business School (BI) states that there is still a lack of evidence that it works, “but if what is now claimed is correct, it increases the chances that we can approach the so-called 1.5-degree goal for global warming.”
Aftenposten contacted Andrea Rossi following the presentation who told them that he expected the price of steam produced by the E-Cat to be 50 percent lower than all known sources — which is a lot lower than the 20 percent reduction in energy costs that he has mentioned recently in public comments.
Outside of this Aftenposten article, however, there has been little coverage of the event from mainstream media outlets. I think there will continue to be general skepticism about the E-Cat until there is more solid proof available about Rossi’s claims. Rossi himself does not seem to be in a hurry to provide further evidence at this point. He has written on the Journal of Nuclear Physics that he is “more than satisfied” with the response from potential customers. I am sure that he will dealing with them quietly and confidentially, because as he stated in the Q&A session last week, many parties who becomes publicly associated with him have received negative attention from his detractors.
During my time in Miami getting ready for the presentation, Andrea Rossi was showing particular interest in one portion of the video of the spectrometer readings that were shown at the presentation, and he asked for a section to be enlarged, which he commented on during his remarks:
He stated this during the presentation:
“This particular will be of interest to scientists, if any, are listening to us. In this section of the spectrometer that here has been enlarged, we have a signature of 437.2 nanometers and this signature is important because it is a possible indication of the existence of picometric aggregates whose high density, I think, is at the origin of the energy gain and should be this thing that turns up the reactions of the effect.”
I asked him if he could provide something in writing about this and he sent this:
Mats Lewan has published a new article on his An Impossible Invention blog reviewing the event on January 31st here:
Mats’ basic takeaway is that even though the presentation was not the slick or polished presentation that most people would expect under the circumstances, that it served its purpose in letting potential customers that Leonardo is open for business, and identifying the types and characteristics of industries and customers that he willing to deal with.
In addition to the review of the event, Mats has also posted a previously-unreleased photo of what he describes as an “early prototype of the E-Cat QX on which the E-Cat SK is based”
Photo: Mats Lewan
Thanks to JYM for providing this typed transcript of the two sheets of calculations that Andrea Rossi presented on hand-written documents at the demonstration on January 31st.ECAT sk demo calculations
Following the presentation yesterday there were reports that it was difficult to hear Andrea Rossi’s voice, so the video has been adjusted to boost the volume of his voice and is now posted on YouTube at the link below.
Here are a few of my impressions of the event. I read where someone posted that Rossi sounded like he was at ‘death’s door’, and going by voice alone, I can understand why someone might get that impression. However after spending many hours around him , I observed him to be active and energetic, and very sharp and involved in conversation. It’s obviously frustrating for him when his voice gives out on him, and as days wear on it gets harder for him to speak above a whisper.
As far as the event itself goes, I was not made privy to any secret information beyond what was shared in the presentation. The video showed was pre-recorded so I saw only what other viewers saw. I did not find out who his customer was, nor anything about his business partners or his factory, except that he said that it was in a secret location, because he wanted to work in peace.
Rossi told me a few things about the E-Cat that was on display which he showed at the presentation. Inside the blue box is the controller and the E-Cat. He said the two pipes sticking out of the top of the box (cool-in, hot-out) can be used for any gas or fluid. The case for the box is a perspex-type material. He said that if you were to touch it while the E-Cat was running (it was not), it would not feel hot because he said everything inside was insulated.
As far as the general public goes, I don’t think this event provides much new proof that the E-Cat works as Andrea Rossi claims it does, but the purpose of the event was not to do that. He is now looking for customers to buy his heat. I personally think if he wanted to provide more in the way of evidence that the E-Cat is what he claims, he could do so quite easily, but as has been apparent for years, he is extremely careful about providing information that he thinks could jeopardize his intellectual property.
It is clear he thinks and operates like an industrialist and CEO of his company. In his comments yesterday he emphasized that Leonardo Corporation is the owner of the IP, and would outlive him, and that he has to operate to protect the interests of its investors and licensees.
Whether his current business plan works to bring him the customers that he is looking for remains to be seen. If it doesn’t, my guess is that he will try something new.