I found this comment from Andrea Rossi on the Journal of Nuclear Physics interesting today:
August 28, 2017 at 7:24 AM
We are continuing to work very well. Now the control system is final.
I followed up with a question and got a response:
August 28, 2017 at 7:53 AM
With the control system now final, are you able to move beyond the R&D phase to begin the industrialization process of the E-Cat QX?
August 28, 2017 at 8:21 AM
The answer to this question is very complex. I can say that we are resolving problems, also for what concerns the partnerships necessary for the financial issues bound to the industrialization.
Basically, we are very close to Sigma 5 level of reliablity of the basic module and putting modules in parallel we can reach any power.
Hard work is on course. Our Team is getting greater by the day. As Maurizio Crozza says: ” We are not sharpening the tips of the Pyramids”.
From Rossi’s response here, it seems that not only is the technical development going well, but also the financing. I would imagine that for Rossi, the latter is going to be more difficult. When working in his lab, he has control over what goes on, but as we have seen in the IH relationship, business can be more of a challenge than science and technology. Of course both need to be in place before any serious commercial production can begin. As usual, there is very little detail provided, so it’s hard to evaluate the state of things. Still, from what I have heard, the planned demonstration is still going ahead in the latter part of November, so that may turn out to be the kickoff event that will set the larger commercialization into motion.
Thanks to Michelangelo de Meo for posting a link on the Journal of Nuclear Physics to a new paper published in the Physics of Plasma journal titled “Evidence of nuclear fusion neutrons in an extremely small plasma focus device operating at 0.1 Joules”. Authors are Leopoldo Soto, Cristián Pavéz José, Moreno, Luis Altamirano, Luis Huerta, Mario Barbaglia, Alejandro Clausse, and Roberto E. Mayer, from Chile and Argentina.
“We report on D-D fusion neutron emission in a plasma device with an energy input of only 0.1 J, within a range where fusion events have been considered very improbable. The results presented here are the consequence of scaling rules we have derived, thus being the key point to assure the same energy density plasma in smaller devices than in large machines. The Nanofocus (NF)—our device—was designed and constructed at the P4 Lab of the Chilean Nuclear Energy Commission. Two sets of independent measurements, with different instrumentation, were made at two laboratories, in Chile and Argentina. The neutron events observed are 20σ greater than the background. The NF plasma is produced from a pulsed electrical discharge using a submillimetric anode, in a deuterium atmosphere, showing empirically that it is, in fact, possible to heat and compress the plasma. The strong evidence presented here stretches the limits beyond what was expected. A thorough understanding of this could possibly tell us where the theoretical limits actually lie, beyond conjectures. Notwithstanding, a window is thus open for low cost endeavours for basic fusion research. In addition, the development of small, portable, safe nonradioactive neutron sources becomes a feasible issue.” (Emphasis added)
Here’s an image from the paper with the explanation:
“(a) A sketch of the NF discharge device. The driven capacitor (5 nF) is composed of two parallel plates (lower plate: anode; upper plate: cathode). A 0.42 mm diameter copper cylinder is covered with quartz, attached to the centre of the anode plate, and passes through a small hole in the cathode centre. Plasma is formed between the top of the anode and the cathode base. (b) The NF chamber (pointed in the photograph). (c) A time-integrated photograph of the discharge. Note the bright spot on the anode top.”
The recent test results from the MFMP showing apparent transmutations after charcoal has treated for two minutes in the George Egeley NOVA reactor are quite fascinating, although I think it is still premature to regard them as conclusive. My understanding is that the MFMP will be doing the test on a more pure carbon sample to see if similar results are produced.
I originally became interested in LENR because I though it could be an important source of inexpensive and low-coast energy, and so far, energy production seems to be the goal of many LENR researchers. However, it is possible that another equally important future LENR application will be either elemental, or isotopic transmutations (or may be both).
The goal of many of the old alchemists was to be able to make something extremely valuable (e.g. gold) from a common element (e.g. lead), but many centuries ago they did not have the understanding of chemistry, nor the necessary technological apparatus to make it happen. This changed in the 20th Century with nuclear engineering. Here’s an excerpt from a Scientific American article on the subject of transmutation.
With the dawn of the atomic age in the 20th century, however, the transmutation of elements finally became possible. Nowadays nuclear physicists routinely transform one element to another. In commercial nuclear reactors, uranium atoms break apart to yield smaller nuclei of elements such as xenon and strontium as well as heat that can be harnessed to generate electricity. In experimental fusion reactors heavy isotopes of hydrogen merge together to form helium. (An element is defined by the number of protons in its nucleus whereas an isotope of a given element is determined by the quantity of neutrons.)
But what of the fabled transmutation of lead to gold? It is indeed possible—all you need is a particle accelerator, a vast supply of energy and an extremely low expectation of how much gold you will end up with. More than 30 years ago nuclear scientists at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) in California succeeded in producing very small amounts of gold from bismuth, a metallic element adjacent to lead on the periodic table.
If LENR reactors are able to produce similar results at much lower cost, and safely, in reasonable quantities then we might find that transmutation is comparable in importance to energy production, especially if currently rare and valuable elements and/or isotopes can be created. It may be that we will see two very different tracks for LENR emerging.
Here’s a new video published by the Martin Fleischmann Memorial Project in which they look at ash produced from processing carbon from charcoal after two minutes in George Egely’s NOVA reactor, using a Scanning Electron Microscope.
In the video, they show results in which aluminium, magnesium, iron, silicon, sulphur, potassium, calcium, titanium, sodium, copper are identified.
From the video description:
NOTE: CHARCOAL AND GRAPHITE LEAD USED WITH UNKNOWN ANALYSIS
First look at 2 mins of charcoal processed in Basic NOVA reactor seems to confirm the claims of Dr. George Egely that it is producing George Ohsawa reaction products. Tests with controlled pure carbon needed to be certain.
A new Brilliant Light Power international patent application for a “Thermophotovoltaic Electrical Power Generator” has been published by the World Intellectual Property Organzation.
As usual for BLP, this is a very long document (345 pages); here is the abstract:
A molten metal fuel to plasma to electricity power source that provides at least one of electrical and thermal power comprising (i) at least one reaction cell for the catalysis of atomic hydrogen to form hydrinos, (ii) a chemical fuel mixture comprising at least two components chosen from: a source of H2O catalyst or H2O catalyst; a source of atomic hydrogen or atomic hydrogen; reactants to form the source of H2O catalyst or H2O catalyst and a source of atomic hydrogen or atomic hydrogen; and a molten metal to cause the fuel to be highly conductive, (iii) a fuel injection system comprising an electromagnetic pump, (iv) at least one set of electrodes that confine the fuel and an electrical power source that provides repetitive short bursts of low-voltage, high-current electrical energy to initiate rapid kinetics of the hydrino reaction and an energy gain due to forming hydrinos to form a brilliant-light emitting plasma, (v) a product recovery system such as at least one of an electrode electromagnetic pump recovery system and a gravity recovery system, (vi) a source of H2O vapor supplied to the plasma and (vii) a power converter capable of converting the high-power light output of the cell into electricity such as a concentrated solar power thermophotovoltaic device and a visible and infrared transparent window or a plurality of ultraviolet (UV) photovoltaic cells or a plurality of photoelectric cells, and a UV window.
The following post was submitted by a reader who wishes to remain anonymous
The requirement to carefully treat and process nickel to facilitate the adsorption and absorption of nickel into a metal lattice is by no means a new discovery. Sergio Focardi and Francesco Piantelli learned through trial and error testing during their testing of Ni-H systems in the 1990’s that contaminants, both on the interior and exterior of their fuel, could inhibit the production of excess heat. Moreover, their papers go into significant detail about their methods of washing, etching, annealing, thermal cycling, and degassing. If proper care was utilized in the treatment of their fuel, significant quantities (capable of being measured with ordinary instrumentation) of ordinary light hydrogen could be documented being taken up and emitted from their nickel.
They noted that a sudden change in temperature OR pressure could trigger the uptake or release of hydrogen, inducing an “excited state” in which excess heat was produced. During this period of research, they were capable of producing a COP of over two, utilizing only nickel rod, bar, wire, or plated materials.
Their work, long before Andrea Rossi came onto the scene, proved that a significant quantity of excess heat could be produced from a highly unoptimized setup. An increase in surface area, reverse spillover catalysts (palladium, platinum, copper, or even smaller nano-particles of nickel), methods of accelerating the splitting of molecular hydrogen into atomic hydrogen (high voltages, radio frequency generators, utilizing resonance, including metal hydrides that emit atomic hydrogen when heated such as LiAlH4 or lithium hydride), and other methods could be utilized to dramatically increase the excess heat. In reality, to produce very good results, there is no magic pixie dust or special element. Perhaps Rossi did start off using a spillover catalyst of some sort; however, the obvious conclusion is that he moved past such elements rapidly and utilized other methods of producing atomic hydrogen.
Beyond a doubt, however, the basis of any successful Ni-H system is properly treated, cleaned, and degassed fuel. To accomplish this requires tedious effort and extreme care. If someone is willing to perform the long, ongoing series of tests to gain the experience needed to remove surface coatings (oxides, grease, and other contaminants) and trapped gases (carbon monoxide, oxygen, and even water), positive results beyond any doubt can be obtained with only nickel and hydrogen. According to one replicator whose results have not been confirmed, once you learn how to treat your nickel so that it can “breathe” light hydrogen in and out, a COP of 2-3 is easily possible. Then if you can add a method of producing atomic hydrogen on demand, there is no limit to the COP you can achieve.
As asserted in the paper by Mizuno, the suggestion that excess heat cannot be produced with only nickel and some form of hydrogen without an additional element is blatantly incorrect: the feat has already been performed. The challenge that may add difficulty to achieving excess heat with nickel and hydrogen alone is related to the importance of proper treatment that allows splitting molecular hydrogen into atomic hydrogen. Nickel isn’t the most catalytic element around in terms of interacting with H2 or D2. Palladium, on the other hand, can split the molecule like a hot knife through butter. So if you’re not going to rely on another element, your cleaning may have to be spot on, you may have to produce smaller particles of the same element in your fuel processing, or you may have to intentionally create specific surface features that can improve the catalytic activity of nickel.
I have zero doubt whatsoever that with enough work Mizuno or any other research with adequate resources and focus can produce significant excess heat without utilizing palladium or other catalysts. The only barrier is their work ethic and determination to do so. Once this know how is accumulated, all additional improvements would happen more organically.
A final observation: the high voltage mentioned in Mizuno’s paper produces a plasma that engulfs the area in which the nickel mesh resides. The plasma is certainly creating some quantity (high or low) of atomic hydrogen directly. In a system in which nickel alone is treated adequately enough to produce excess heat, such a plasma could accelerate hydrogen adsorption and absorption.
The key to mastering the nickel-hydrogen reaction is going back to basics: the work of Focardi and Piantelli. From there, we can utilize the tidbits provided by Andrea Rossi and the suggestions of other researchers to improve our results. My hope is that researchers like Mizuno and others will narrow their focus on processing nickel alone in such a manner that it can absorb adequate quantities of hydrogen to produce copious excess heat. Such a foundation is needed by the LENR community: a simple set of instructions that allows two elements (Ni-H) to come together and produce a non-conventional safe nuclear reaction. From there a thousand improvements could be made. But using plausible shortcuts initially, such as introducing palladium or other additional elements before mastering the basic effect, is like building a house on sand for skeptics and cynics to wash away.
Thanks to Jones Beene on Vortex-l for posting a link to a new paper written by Tadahiko Mizuno of Hydrogen Engineering Application & Development Company in Sapporo Japan, titled “Observation of excess heat by activated metal and deuterium gas” and posted on the LENR-CANR.org website here.
This is a detailed paper with much data, and many details to digest. I’m sure it will be studied in depth, but here are just a few key points:
“Reports of heat-generating cold fusion reactions in the nickel–hydrogen systemhave been increasing. The reactions mainly involve nickel with other additive elements. The authors of these reports emphasized the importance of an extremely clean system in the electrolytic tests in which excess heat was generated. Therefore, we attempted to detect excess heat after reducing impurities to a minimum by cleaning the electrode carefully and then fabricating nano particles in situ in our test system, without ever exposing them to air. As a result, energy far exceeding input was continuously obtained. In the best results obtained thus far, the output thermal energy is double the input electrical energy, amounting to several hundred watts. The generated thermal energy follows an exponential temperature function. When the reactor temperature is 300°C, the generated energy is 1 kW. An increase of the temperature is expected to greatly increase the output energy.”
The reactor used was a stainless steel cylinder in which were placed two pieces of nickel mesh which were cleaned first with detergent, then with water, alcohol and acetone. There are two electrodes inside the chamber, one of which is wound with palladium wire. There is an aluminum ceramic heater in the center of the reactor which is wound with palladium wire. There is also a heater wound around the outside of the reactor.
After evacuating the heater, deuterium gas is added to the reactor at “several hundred Pa.” The reactor is then heated and held constant for a number of hours. High voltage is then applied to the palladium wire around the ceramic heater inside the reactor, which forms a plasma. There is then a cycling of heating, degassing and re-gassing, while increasing temperature, and finally the system is let to drop to room temperature.
High voltage is then applied to the palladium electrode, which releases D2 gas, and causes plasma to form on the electrode. Eventually this causes palladium to be deposited on the nickel mesh, and this, according to Mizuno, causes the condition that generates excess heat.
“The excess power increases with the temperature rise of the reactor. For example, the excess power is 100 W at 100°C, 315 W at 200°C, and 480 W at 250°C. Excess power of 10 W and 20 W was generated even when the reactor was near room temperature.”
“We speculate that the excess heat would reach the order of kilowatts at 1/Tr = 0.001, i.e., approximately 700°C. We confirmed that the excess heat increases exponentially with reactor temperature.”
“Activation of the metal surface, that is, removal of the oxide, nitride, and carbide layers, is particularly important. Heating and discharge treatment in deuterium gas is an effective method of activating the metal surface. The use of highly pure gas and the thorough removal of released gas during the surface treatment are also important. “
Mizuno notes that since this experiment was carried out, that he has improved the conditions for excess heat production. Appendix A describes some of the changes, which includes not using detergents or other similar cleaners of the nickel mesh because they may introduce impurities. Rather, they polish the nickel with emery paper, clean with hot water, and rub palladium on the nickel. In this appendix he suggests that Hydrogen as well as Deuterium could work.
The following post has been submitted by Allan Shura
I became interested in new clean energy technologies in 2009 when reports that the US Navy had confirmed excess heat with cold fusion not long after physics professor Yoshiaki Arata of Osaka University in Japan made the first successful public media demonstration of cold fusion.
I was then interested in numerous claims about self looping generators providing excess power. I started experiments nearly 2 years ago and because I have had good results progressively I want to advance the project to the next level.
The motor generator prototype is a platform for the development of power generation and electrical products. I will start an Indiegogo crowdfunding campaign during this week as a way for this technology breakthrough to move forward with the opportunity to become widely available.
This project is a DC permanent magnet motor configuration. The orientation and configuration of the motors induces magnetic and electrical oscillation for recapture of force and accelerates to capacitance of the prototype. Since easily available and widespread commonly available components are used in the device the IP could be described as an industrial process. The addition of a particular circuit results in an immediate large increase in power measurable by both instrumentation and physical observation.
There are several combined interactive forces in this dynamic system.
Video: Acceleration Under a load
February 26 2017
This video explains the orientation of the permanent magnet motors at a power and voltage around 17 watts. These tool torque motors are oriented 90 degrees and accelerate under a limited constant supply of power from a lab grade DC power supply. The cycle is opposing or 90 degrees offset at a given instant in time.
This is the normal motor generator configuration except for the offset orientation of the motors and magnets in the motors.
Normally the foundational math would be consistent as the assumption is that the power would be drawn for a load from the non powered side or the generator side.
Large industrial units of DC motor generators are used to transform low DC voltage to higher DC voltage with the increased number of magnets and coils in the generator side of the large industrial transformer. In AC however the
usual solid state or core and wire coil transformer is used to raise the voltage.
The local area spacing between the two sides has a boosting magnetic or electromagnetic force along the armature shaft and in the open space between some of which is thought to be magnetic and also radio or frequency hertz communicative. At the zero point or shaft connection there is phase polarity interaction as hypothesized but not recorded yet in instrument research of this project.
The observable effect is acceleration beyond what would be usually seen.
That is usually angular momentum for some minutes dependent on the speed and mass ratio. Acceleration beyond the normal time and range of angular momentum for a motor would indicate more power being generated. Acceleration under a load under these conditions is not demonstrated by the foundational math probably due to a lack of variables considered.
The importance of the brush to armature angle and electromagnetic forces in the phase shift cycle of rotation is touched on in the mystery of the amplidyne videos for formative ideas theory and hypotheses.
Video: Renewable Energy Generator – voltage acceleration
May 14 2017
A live test and data is recorded. This configuration A 26.9 watt DC resistive bulb is used as a load. The configuration is the same as the previous video that showed an accelerative effect. This test shows the addition of a circuit that results in a
large increase in power in the dynamic system. The data is shown for the increase in power.
The data tests the difference in power for a 26.9 resistive watt light load:
1) without the electromechanical generator.
2) with the electromechanical generator
3) with the electromechanical generator and the wave regenerative circuit
The test showed both the digital power supply readings
and digital multi meter readings for power input independent of each other.
There was a large increase in power with the added circuit.
There was much less than expected increase in the power input with a balanced bulb load added using the circuit. For example an apparent 18 watt bulb load under multi meter readings showed only a 3.6 watts increase in input power using the circuit together with the power generating system.
The data is shown first in the video and then the corrected data on the website:
Video: Energy Generator Circuit Test
August 3 2017
This is a test to help resolve 2 parameters.
First the current limiting 6.75 watt AC to DC adapter is an alternate source of constant DC current as a control compared to the voltage regulation of the lab grade DC power supply used in the Video: Renewable Energy Generator – voltage acceleration toward the validation of power gain effects.
The effects of power gain if using the applied circuit at the lowest level of voltage and power for the system to run is tested.
Using the AC adapter DC limited current input:
1) A single motor alone will not run on the power input but has a strong pulse.
2) Two 26 watt lights will glow and resonate at the low power three will barely blink without a constant glow.
3) The configured motor generator unit will not run on the power available.
4) Condition with the circuit added:
The configured motor generator runs and is able to glow two lights and maintain a higher than expected rotation and torque using the same limited DC power input of the adapter.
5) The results and observations show a net gain in power using the circuit using the same limited input of power supplied.
These are the observed results showing an increase in electro mechanical torque. A hypothesis could be regenerative amperage current standing square wave pulse oscillation and or other theories of interactions within the
The following comment was posted by P. Oeoht in the Edmund Storms video thread, and I thought it raised an interesting point. It was made in response to a comment by f sedei who was wondering what Ed Storms might consider LENR occuring in nature.
Consider volcanic lava flowing along a slope on the surface of the ground for day after day, at about 1 metre per minute, without a source of heat to keep it molten.
Now consider a ton of molten aluminium applied to an identical slope, also without a source of heat. How long would the Al remain molten? One minute, perhaps!
One of the standard volcanic temperature anomalies is seen when the temperature of the lava at the mouth of the volcano is found to be significantly LOWER than that up to 100 metres down the lava stream.
A new patent application has recently been filed by two US-based engineers that claims high efficiency electricity generation from ‘low energy thermal heat generation systems’, also referred to as LENR systems. The title is: “METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR HIGH EFFICIENCY ELECTRICITY GENERATION USING LOW ENERGY THERMAL HEAT GENERATION AND THERMIONIC DEVICES”; the inventors are Rodney T. Cox and Hans Walitzki.
A system and method are provided for generating electric power from relatively low temperature energy sources at efficiency levels not previously available. The present system and method employ recent advances in low energy nuclear reaction technology and thermionic/thermotunneling device technology first to generate heat and then to convert a substantial portion of the heat generated to usable electrical power. Heat may be generated by a LENR system employing nuclear reactions that occur in readily available materials at ambient temperatures without a high energy input requirement and do not produce radioactive byproducts. The heat generated by the LENR system may be transferred through one or more thermionic converter devices in heat transfer relationship with the LENR system to generate electric power.
The patent applications references LENR as a means of heat generation, specifically mentioning the work of Andrea Rossi and George Miley. I would expect that as LENR become more widely recognized as a genuinely new system of heat/energy production, there will be many patents filed in a similar vein, claiming new ways to exploit LENR.