Paper: “On nuclear DD synthesis at the initial stage of nanosecond vacuum discharge with deuterium-loaded Pd anode”

The following post has been submitted by Engineer48

This new paper is very interesting (found by Alain Coetmuer here):
http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1742-6596/946/1/012025

The article title is: “On nuclear DD synthesis at the initial stage of nanosecond vacuum discharge with deuterium-loaded Pd anode”

Authors: Yu K Kurilenkov, S Yu Gus’kov, V T Karpukhin, A V Oginov and I S Samoylov

Source: Journal of Physics: Conference Series

Here they use a highly deuterated Pd Anode, which is impacted with electrons from the Al Cathode. This knocks Deuterons out of the Pd Anode and as they have a positive charge, they accelerate toward the negative Al Cathode. Then the 1st D stops as it impacts the Al, after which the following D slam into it with enough KE from the acceleration between Anode to Cathode to breach the Coulomb barrier and initiate D+D fusion.

As the fusion does not occur inside a lattice due to phonon pressure waves, the resultant by products are as expected from a normal D+D fusion event. So lots of radiation.

Point of the paper is here is a new way to trigger D+D, which while not missing the bad radiation, still shows that D+D fusion can occur in a non stellar environment.

Maybe post it to the forum as a new discussion topic?

LION Dummy Run Shows Rising Trend in Radiation Count (Alan Smith)

This is a post from Alan Smith in this thread where he reports about a new test he has run.

Here are a couple of data-plots from a dummy-run using part-prepared diamonds (soaked for 7.5 days in D20, not 30. They were pre-baked for 7 days. Maybe a tiny amount of anomalous heat there, but no cream cakes. The most interesting thing is in the lower graph showing a steadily rising trend in radiation count. Thermo 0 is the ‘live’ port, thermo 1 is the control.

Hot plot – rad count is way down in the clutter along the bottom line.

as1

Expanded ‘clutter zone’ with trend line for radiation detected using a Netto Geiger with SBM-20 tube 6 cms from the live fuel tube.

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Recharging E-Cat Plants

One of the important things to remember about E-Cat plants is that they will need to be refueled on a regular basis. For whatever reason, after operating for a period of time (Rossi has said between 6 months and a year), the fuel loses its potency an needs to be replaced.

Andrea Rossi has made some comments about this recently on the Journal of Nuclear Physics.

Andrea Rossi
February 24, 2018 at 7:28 PM
Raffaele Bongo:
We will change the Ecats, not the fuel, in the Customers’ factories. The reactors will be changed by lots, to maintain the the production. The plants will have an excess of reactors corresponding to the lots quantum. The charge will be changed in our closer point of assistance and eventually recycled.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

Frank Acland
February 24, 2018 at 10:02 PM

Dear Andrea,

Regarding the recharging:

1. Will a Leonardo Corp. employee always have to change the E-Cats, or will it be possible for operators to do so (like we change our printer cartridges when they are depleted)? AR: it will be possible for operators certified by us to do so

2. How long would a complete recharge of a 1MW plant take — (minutes, hours, days)? AR: several days

3. What do you expect to be the cost to refuel a 1 MW plant? AR: low enough

Refueling is going to be a very important aspect of the commercial E-Cat operation. From what Rossi states above I there will be fresh excess reactors already installed in E-Cat plants that can be put in operation while old ones are being changed out, thus no downtime will be experienced by plant users.

For Leonardo Corporation to maintain its trade secrets it is going to want to maintain as much control as possible over its E-Cats, both new and spent reactors. From what Rossi writes here, the recharging will be done by authorized, certified technicians who will presumably be under strict contract to not let E-Cats out of their hands. However, assuming that the E-Cat is a commercial success, if millions of new and spend E-Cats are being circulated, it would be virtually impossible not to let some fall into unauthorized hands, especially given the intense interest that there is bound to be if the technology is demonstrated to work as claimed. Leonardo is surely aware of this issue and that it won’t take long for its secrets to be detected by reverse engineers. Rossi has always stated that only mass production and economy of scale can protect him from the people wanting to copy his technology.

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Saudi Arabia Plans for Nuclear Future

An article on CNBC reports that Saudi Arabia has plans to build 16 nuclear reactors in a effort to reduce its consumption of its own oil. According to the World Nuclear Association, one fourth of Saudi Arabia’s oil production is consumed domestically, and 65 per cent of its electricity is generated by oil-burning power stations.

Saudi Arabia is committed to investing more than $80 billion over the next quarter century to building nuclear power plants, and it is calling on the US to give it the right to produce its own nuclear fuel for peaceful purposes.

I would take this as a sign that Saudi Arabia is either not very informed about the potential for LENR playing an important energy generation role in the future, or if they do know about it, not confident that LENR can be a competitive energy source over the next few decades. It is going to take a lot for decision makers to take LENR seriously as an energy source of the future.

Full article is here: https://www.cnbc.com/2018/02/18/munich-security-conference-saudi-arabia-sees-nuclear-energy-as-a-way-to-save-oil.html

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Rossi: Programming the Robots has Started

According to Andrea Rossi, he is now working with the robots he plans to use for the mass production of E-Cat plants.

At the beginning of February Rossi stated on the Journal of Nuclear Physics that they were “studying the robots” and I asked him on February 3 if they had robots in the lab that they were working with. He said at the time that they did not have them, but they did have “all their characteristics.”

Today I submitted another question and got this response.

Frank Acland
February 22, 2018 at 9:03 AM
Dear Andrea,

How is the work with the robotics progressing? Have you started programming them yet? If not, when do you expect to do so?

Andrea Rossi
February 22, 2018 at 10:56 AM
Frank Acland:
Yes.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

If they have actually started programming the robots, that sounds like good progress. Rossi has said in the past that he is working with ABB robots which are top of the line for industrial applications. Maybe reaching this step is part of the “exponential progress” Rossi has referred to; however I would imagine that it would sill take a lot of time and extensive testing to get the production process perfected. We are still only in February, and I know Rossi’s goal is still to get production going this year, I don’t know if that is realistic, but it would be a remarkable achievement if he does.

What is O? (Summary Slide)

I think many readers here have been wondering what Bob has been going on about these last few weeks when he talks about O-day. I am one of them. He has been answering questions in a rather cryptic manner, and rather than trying to make guesses about the many clues that he has posted, I personally prefer that he would be a little less mysterious about it all.

So I was quite pleased when he posted the following slide today in response to a question by George.

oday

Here’s the text:

What is O?

Implosion not explosion technology
Roadioactive isotope remediation
Element synthesis
Take ET back home
Unlimited energy at any point in the univers
Particle and light beams
Much, much more

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Rossi: Magnetic Field Generated by E-Cat QX Plasma

It’s not too often that Andrea Rossi says much about technical aspects of his E-Cat reactors, but here is a little detail from the Journal of Nuclear Physics today.

John Scott
February 20, 2018 at 7:02 PM
Dr Andrea Rossi,
Do you use a magnetic field to protect the materials of the reactor from the high temperatures reached by the QX?
Thank you if you can answer,
John

Andrea Rossi
February 21, 2018 at 9:31 AM
John Scott:
I cannot answer in positive or in negative to this question, but it is true that around the plasma a magnetic field is generated
Warm Regards,
A.R.

Rossi has said in the past that the QX produces electricity directly, so this could be connected with the magnetic filed mentioned. However a simple magnetic field of in and of itself does not produce an electric current, so there must be something else involved. As usual, we get very few details, but this might be something of interest to the replicators and theoreticians to think about.

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Nuclear Excitation by Electron Capture Observed in US Army Research Lab

Thanks to a reader for sending me a link to this article from Physics World which reports how a team of researchers at the US Army Research Laboratory have observed nuclear excitation by electron capture (NEEC) – where an atomic nucleus becomes excited when it absorbs an electron.

From the Article:

To make their observations, the team produced atoms of the radioactive isotope molybdenum-93 and had them absorb electrons of energy that they believed would cause NEEC. They predicted that if the nucleus did become excited, its sequence of decay products would be different to that of an unexcited nucleus. Determining the decay sequence involved analysing gamma-ray emissions from decay products with differing half-lives. As hoped, their measurements matched up with the theoretical predictions of the unique decay sequence of an excited molybdenum-93 nucleus.

One important consequence of the discovery is that it provides a possible explanation for the abundance of elements such as gold and platinum in the universe. If NEEC were a fairly common process in nature, then certain elements could transform into others after being created in stars. The team’s work could also lead to the development of new technologies that harness the energy of excited nuclei. This, according to Carroll, could lead to power sources with an energy density 100,000 times greater than that in chemical batteries.

The full research report has been published in Nature here.

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Alan Smith’s Third LION Control Experiment

Alan Smith of Looking for Heat is now working on a third LION control experiment. He says that the purpose of this one is to bake all the ingredients that are found in the LION reactor to see which effects might be purely thermal, and which might be LENR related.

So this is kind of a shake and bake experiment — pack all the ingredients everything into a quartz tube in some presumably random order, and heat it all up together in the Model T reactor at 800 C, which is apparently the temperature that LION used with his experiments.

The ingredients he is putting inside the tube are: K26 brick dust, magnesium oxide, copper wire fragments, a small fragment of fuel tube with 2 diamonds, zinc plated steel bolts and Cu wrapping, broken quartz, silver leaf, kanthal wire,

You can see some photos of this at this post on the LENR Forum: https://www.lenr-forum.com/forum/thread/5518-mfmp-lfh-lion2-100-replication-well-beyond-lion1/?postID=81102#post81102

Alan has sent me some data from the test so far which can be found in this Excel File:

LION 3rd CONTROL

Alan’s notes to me:

“It shows dead flat line once I had settled on the correct voltage which is the first little wiggles in the line.
Also please note that there is an offset in the Xcel figure for temp – it is +400, so just under 400 is actually just under 800”

He says there are about 18 hours to go in the test.

LION Control Test with Copper Wire by Alan Goldwater

Here are a couple of interesting posts here by Alan Goldwater of the Martin Fleischmann Memorial Project regarding a control test which he has recently done with copper wire heated on a fire brick.

Feb 18, 2018:

Here’s a simple precursor test under way. The fire brick is K-26, rated to 1450°C. A small concave area holds 1/2 sheet of Silver leaf, on which a 2-meter coiled length of AWG23 Copper magnet wire is placed. The oven will heat to 1000°C over 60 minutes, and hold for 120 minutes before shutting off. The goal is to see if the copper melting temp (1083°C) will be lowered by the presence of molten silver, and if so, whether it will soak into the porous fire brick. Depending on the result, a longer test may follow.

ag1

ag2

ag4

Feb 18, 2018:

Here’s the result, after about 180 minutes at ~1000°C. The copper wire is oxidized completely: though it retained its shape, it’s brittle and visibly crystallized in the cross-section. The silver is presumably in the black spots on the brick, as silver oxide. No trace of absorption into the brick is visible.

My conclusion is that the strange morphology seen in the LION aftermath is due to something far beyond the normal high-temperature behavior of these metals and refractories. This may be obvious in retrospect, but I like to test assumptions when it’s easy. Carry on!

ag3

Alan Goldwater