However this turns out, the present author only wishes to add the following: If the LENR researchers truly have something, they have a moral obligation to the world society to come public with their methods and make this technology available worldwide as soon as possible. The author obviously recognizes the need for reasonable privacy of intellectual property, but as Huw Price has noted, missing a desperately needed new energy source could be catastrophic.
So is LENR a revolutionary new form of energy, or merely a new chapter in the long and sordid annals of pseudoscience? Read some of the papers below and decide for yourself. One way or the other, the next few months will be very interesting. Hold on to your hats!
Here is a video from Bob Greenyer who is preparing to launch a Kickstarter fundraiser to fund the translation of a book originally published in Russian by Alexander Parkhomov titled: “Space. Earth. Man: New Facets on Science”
Here is a description of the book.
Dark matter research from the time of its discover was really only of interest to astronomers, cosmologists and exotic scientists.
In recent year, however, after the accumulation of a critical mass of knowledge, it has become clear that this is not just an illusive substance, dissolved in an infinite universe, but that it is an important source of connections between space and the biosphere.
We are accustomed to the fact that influencing the course of processes implies changing their speed or intensity. This in essence is the basis of all modern technology. Apparently, however, there is another type of process variability which manifests itself in the change in the order of behavior of the system’s parts. This can occur regardless of energy changes. Perhaps searching in this direction will allow us to overcome the crisis in modern natural science and open up the possibility of a new level of knowledge about in which we live.
Funds raised over and above the $7000 goal will allow Bob respond to invitations to travel to Moscow and visit five private labs and two government labs of Russian LENR researchers.
This link is to a draft table of contents for the book:
Thanks to Jonas Matuzas for posting a link to a video showing a ‘Magnet Motor’ in action at the premises of Shooting Range Industries in Las Vegas, Nevada. The motor is created by a company called Inductance Energy Corporation (IEC) whose website is here: https://ie.energy The company states that it is the “is the worldwide exclusive licensee of Magnetic Propulsion”
The company’s flagship product is called Earth Engine. Here is a short description from the company’s website here:
“Magnetic propulsion is the science of moving a mass (such as a flywheel, vehicle, elevator) in a rotary reciprocating, linear, or vertical direction solely by means of controlling permanent, imbalanced magnetic radiation (field). Using the repulsion (opposing force) as a fuel source, the IEC Earth Engine, driven by Magnetic Propulsion, eliminates the need for any other fuel source, such as traditional fossil fuels, wind, solar, geothermal, or biomass.
“Magnetic propulsion also allows for the zero-contact operation of variable speed transmissions, drive shafts, reducers, and other devices that normally require gears, sprockets, chains, or belts. This provides a near friction-free connection between power source and final selected device, such as a pump, compressor, or generator.”
The youtube video shows what is apparently an Earth Engine which is claimed to produce 25kw while consuming 700 W of what is described as ‘parasitic load’.
From the YouTube description:
A factory in Las Vegas is home to the world’s first (and definitely not the last) ‘Earth Engine’. Fueled only by polarity-modified rare earth magnets, the EE can generate 25 kwh of power for years on end. While it’s truly amazing and potentially Earth-changing, what it ISN’T is a perpetual motion machine, as magnets eventually wear out. Many more motors are scheduled to be installed soon. www.ie.energy
One comment on the YouTube from the video’s author states:
“The motor is not connected to an outside power source. The 700W is a parasitic load. I cannot comment on the tech specs. When patents are final it will reveal more.”
This link below from the Sifferkoll website provides a recent update by the Woodford Investment Management about its investment in Industrial Heat LLC.
According to the new document, as of January 2019 Industrial Heat makes up 2.32% of Woodford’s Equity Income Fund, and 9.73% of its Patient Capital Trust. About their investment in IH, Woodford writes that it first invested in Industrial Heat in May 2015:
“Following some disappointing initial developments, the investment was written down in 2016. However, over the last 18 months, progress within the portfolio has shown increasing promise. The company continues with independent testing on its technologies with promising results. This is exciting and positive progress, but it remains early days in the development and commercialization of its technologies”
The following post has been submitted by Anthony Repetto, it is also published on Medium here.
A moiré is a special kind of pattern, formed by overlaying two grids or fields of curves. It has gained attention, recently, because overlaying graphene and boron nitride with a slight off-set radically alters the material’s conductive properties. Moiré of graphene seem to have numerous properties, depending upon the tilt of the second layer. That’s because, as you increase the tilt of the overlay, the macro-scale pattern enlarges or shrinks. You can see that happening here:
So, if there is a pattern at the micro-scale, and you form an overlay with a slight tilt, that micro-scale pattern is magnified. This is the critical concept behind moiré and the elusive, repeatedly derided field of cold fusion research. How? I’ll need to give some background, first…
Back in ’89, Fleishman and Pons performed an experiment, where they seemed to fuse deuterium and generate heat — heat which might boil water, and power a turbine, generating electricity. When these heavy hydrogen fuse, they form helium, and there is no radioactive waste, no radiation emanating from the reactor. Fusion, unlike fission, is a completely clean and super-abundant energy source. The world was on fire, for a moment.
Then, other labs replicated the experiment, yet they saw no heat, no fusion. Fleishman and Pons were discredited, and cold fusion died.
However, those replications did not meet one critical aspect of F&P’s experiment: the adsorption of deuterium needed to exceed 80%, which happened in F&P’s setup, while the replications only loaded deuterium to 60% at best. When other researchers, years later, began loading their deuterium to 80%, they did see excess heat!
Each replication of these results was declared a hoax. Yet, the evidence for some unknown nuclear reaction quietly grew.
Today, though still disregarded by news media as pseudoscience, various academics, militaries, industrialists, and investors are boarding the cold fusion boat. SRI, Stanford’s lab, has verified excess heat. Toyota and Mitsubishi have successfully transmuted various elements, using the techniques developed by cold fusion researchers. And, at a special conference of the EU, the US navy presented their own work. MIT researcher Peter Hagelstein has been giving presentations on his own theoretical work for years, now.
Why does cold fusion still sound impossible to the public? It’s the Coulomb Barrier.
The Barrier to Cold Fusion
Each atom is surrounded by a halo of electron probability. When two atoms get close, those electron clouds repel each other, and the atoms bounce away. That’s the Coulomb Barrier. And, the barrier is so strong, to overcome it you must smash atoms together at incredible pressures — inside the sun, for example, or using a barrage of lasers. You couldn’t possibly push past the Coulomb Barrier at atmospheric pressure and room temperature!
Unless you could weaken that electron repulsion somehow.
That’s where moire come into play. Every subatomic particle is a wave function, a ripple in space-time. And, those waves overlap and interfere. So, if two wave functions are overlayed with a slight tilt or displacement, the cumulative wave function is a moire!
And moire magnify their micro-scale pattern. We have a pathway to overcome Coulomb! Form a moire of the wave functions of the atomic nuclei, so that they are magnified, effectively ‘smearing them out’ over a larger area. Now that they are smeared, they can interact outside the radius of the Coulomb Barrier, and they are able to fuse. There are numerous ways to create a moire of the wave functions, leading researchers to uncover a variety of techniques for generating these Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (the modern name for cold fusion, LENR).
As the wave functions bounce around a crevasse, they can ripple like a Jacob’s Ladder:
And, when confined to a molecular lattice which is being shaken by phonons, those wave functions overlap into a moire, again (Hagelstein describes this phonon coupling quite well in his MIT classes). Same goes for a plasma that is pulsed at resonant frequencies — the wave functions ripple, overlapping in an oscillating moire which enlarges their range of interaction. Even enmeshed ‘snowflakes’ of hydrogen can ripple together and fuse!
Another artifact of these moire is the appearance of toriodal corrosion of the reaction chamber. It is as if a smoke ring was caught by the metal surrounding the reaction, and examination of the boreholes shows transmutation occuring at those sites, as well. These toroids are the halo that forms around a moire pattern; as the moire ripples, its outer edges form coherent rings, areas where the wave function of the nuclei concentrate again, generating additional nuclear reactions. Understanding this process could allow the design of more durable reaction chambers, which is currently a difficult problem.
(There have also been observations of muon-like interactions at great distance from the reaction chamber, and resonance with electronics in the vicinity, which seem to be the result of massively magnified and reactive muon wave functions…Muons don’t live long enough to have traveled as far away as they were observed, but they can interact at great distance when they form as a magnified moiré.)
Moiré and More
Detailed simulations of these moiré effects might allow us to control matter in new ways, and their magnification power could let us observe interactions that were previously beyond the power of our equipment. Artificial Intelligence is proving itself capable of designing parts that meet specific engineering constraints, whether those are drone bodies or car parts, and that same technique could allow us to supply AI with a moiré effect that we wish, and receive the design which best generates that moiré. Nano-scale fabrication could create billions of moiré-lasers on a chip, with ions pumped to reaction sites, for massively parallel, controlled transmutation. Carbon nanotubes’ phonon transmission and hydrogen trapping may be key to generating these beams of moiré wave functions.
Such devices may be critical to LENR’s future. Not only does cold fusion produce heat, for power generation — the transmutation reaction can provide you with useful new elements. That was the thrust of Mitsubishi’s experiments, turning cheap, abundant tungsten into rare, industrially important palladium. If we have controlled LENR transmutations, we don’t need to mine asteroids for our future material needs! We can turn aluminum and silicon and oxygen here on Earth, our most abundant elements, into all the various isotopes necessary for a high-tech super society. Free energy, and free rare earth elements! Understanding the moiré of atomic wave functions can liberate us from scarcity, forever.
2018-08-29 * Application filed by Klee M. Irwin
2019-02-28 * Publication of US20190066852A1
2019-03-06 * Application status is Pending
Nanoengineered materials are disclosed for Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENRs). The nanoengineered materials include quasicrystals and quasicrystal approximants. The energy landscape of these materials is designed to increase a tunneling probability of atoms that participate in a fusion reaction. The nanoengineered materials are designed to have arrangements of atoms in which there are active sites in the material for LENR. The active sites may include networks of double wells designed into the material. In some examples, the design also limits the degrees of freedom for atoms in ways that increase a tunneling probability for tunneling of atoms into sites where fusion occurs.
What is claimed is:
1. An apparatus for generating power via low energy nuclear reactions (LENR), comprising:
a quasicrystal or quasicrystalline approximant material designed to have an arrangement of atoms, associated with a structure of the quasicrystal or quasicrystalline approximant material, forming active sites for LENR to occur when the material is loaded with a hydrogen isotope.
The following video has been submitted by Mike Phalen
From the description, here are the topics covered:
A brief summary of significant events involving Andrea Rossi’s E-cat. Includes interviews of the scientists who have tested it and their test results.
This video covers:
* The E-cat commercial 1 megawatt reactor product introduction
* The initial E-cat demonstrations in 2011
* The 32 day E-cat test, 2014
* The one year test 2015-2016
* The $89 million dollar lawsuit, 2017
* The Stockholm presentation, 2017
If I am not misinterpreting Andrea Rossi’s comments, it sounds like he has recently changed course in terms of trying to develop a system for generating electricity directly from an E-Cat.
Here’s a Q&A from the Journal of Nuclear Physics today (March 11, 2019)
March 11, 2019 at 2:50 AM
I did not inderstand: are you working to invent a new kind of P.V. or to invent a new system to generate electricity directly from the reactor we saw on http://www.ecatskdemo.com ?
March 11, 2019 at 6:43 AM
We are working on producing directly electricity from the reactor with a new system.
On March 3rd, when asked whether he was using existing photovoltaic cells or using a new type, Rossi stated that he was “inventing a new cell”.
On March 7th, Rossi wrote “Recently we added magnets ( two poles, four poles ) with adjustable positions around the Ecat.” So maybe this is a clue regarding how they are seeking to generate electricity.
Perhaps he and his team have discovered that there is a better way to produce electricity directly from the E-Cat, rather than using photovoltaics.
I would note that many of the claims that the author makes here about nuclear power could apply to LENR if it became commercially available.
Should We Rethink Nuclear Power?
While it seems to fly in the face of everything we believe and have been taught about nuclear power, it may actually be the safest form of power production that we have. Ironically, the immense potency of the power of splitting an atom is simultaneously what makes nuclear weapons so dangerous as well as what makes nuclear power so safe.
Despite high-profile nuclear disasters like Chernobyl in Ukraine (then the Soviet Union), Fukushima in Japan, and Three Mile Island in the United States, the deaths related to nuclear meltdowns are actually very few. In fact, climate scientists Pushker Kharecha and James Hanson discovered that overall, nuclear energy actually saves lives–their study found that up until now, nuclear power has already saved nearly two million lives that would have been lost to air pollution-related deaths from the contamination that would have been produced by other, more traditional, sources of energy.
Nuclear power is an incredibly clean form of energy thanks to its staggering efficiency. The uranium used to produce nuclear power has the ability to create a whopping one million times more heat than equal masses of fossil fuels or even gunpowder. Nuclear power has the valuable ability to create massive amounts of heat without creating fire, and therefore it produces no smoke. This means that it’s a much, much cleaner alternative as compared to fossil fuels, which cause seven million premature deaths per year (according to data provided by the World Health Organization) thanks to the massive amount of smoke produced by the industry.
While renewable resources like wind and solar are also much, much cleaner alternatives to the fossil fuel industry, with negligible levels of emissions, nuclear has a lot of benefits that renewables can’t compete with. One of these is that although nuclear plants create massive amounts of energy, they take up very little space thanks to their energy density. Even in places where the sun shines the majority of the time, like in California, a solar farm takes up 450 times more space than a nuclear plant to produce the same amount of energy.
On top of taking up far less space than renewable energy production, nuclear also requires a much, much smaller quantity of materials and therefore produces considerably less waste. Put simply, nuclear is far more efficient and energy-dense than either solar or wind. In fact, according to a fact sheet published by the Nuclear Energy Institute, the entire nuclear industry in the United States, one of the biggest energy-consuming cultures per capita in the world, produces just 2,000 metric tons of used nuclear fuel rods each year, or just a single soda can’s worth of waste per person served by nuclear energy per year.
Michael Shellenberger, president of independent research and policy organization Environmental Progress and a Time Magazine “Hero of the Environment,” sums the matter up simply: “the energy density of the fuel determines its environmental and health impacts.” In his think piece titled “Why Renewables Can’t Save the Planet” Shellenberger goes on to say, “It’s true that you can stand next to a solar panel without much harm while if you stand next to a nuclear reactor at full power you’ll die. But when it comes to generating power for billions of people, it turns out that producing solar and wind collectors, and spreading them over large areas, has vastly worse impacts on humans and wildlife alike.”
Despite the strong case for nuclear, however, it remains a hard sell in the United States thanks to a poor public image and overblown safety concerns as well as an adverse political climate. Even those politicians who are pushing for green energy reform are simultaneously pulling away from nuclear. With all of the solid evidence in its favor and an ever-increasing need to clean up our energy act, what more will it take for nuclear to become part of the United States’ energy future?