Towards the exit from the middle ages

. by Ch. Stremmenos Retired Professor of the Department of Physical and Inorganic Chemistry of the Faculty of Industrial Chemistry in the University of Bologna

. Read the whole article Download the ZIP file . When it comes to energy, the first thing to consider is how little we know about [...]

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“Preliminary Notes On Mizuno/Rothwell Experiment R20” (MFMP Live Document)

Alan Goldwater of the Martin Fleischmann Memorial Project is getting ready to make an attempt to replicate the Mizuno R20 reactor as described in the recent Mizuno-Rothwell paper.

In true live open science fashion, he has a live document available to report on his activities which can be accessed here:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/16dP_SmSP8SuQbZ7p9eGoCwf1vwJKh7KPL7NAYv7j13o/edit

Alan reports that he has been supplied with nickel mesh from Jed Rothwell that is identical to that used by Mizuno, and it has been examined using EDS/SEM, and the procedures for preparation described by Mizuno have been followed as closely as possible.

I am sure that Alan will be interested in comments from people following his progress

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E-Cat ‘Produces a Magnetic Field’

Here’s a short piece of information that comes from the Journal of Nuclear Physics. Andrea Rossi was asked by Giuliano Bettini

Giuliano Bettini
July 30, 2019 at 4:30 AM
Hi Andrea,
If I can ask (and if someone hasn’t already asked)
in the last self sustaining mode experiments, did you see if the device spontaneously generates a magnetic field around itself? Or does it generate no magnetic field?
Best wishes
Giuliano Bettini.

Andrea Rossi
July 30, 2019 at 7:32 AM
Prof Giuliano Bettini:
It does generate a magnetic field.
Warm Regards and strong wishes for your health recovery,
A.R.

Based on other comments Andrea has made recently, it seems that his focus now is on the infinite COP E-Cat producing heat, not electricity. Direct electrical production seems to be a lot more difficult than heat production, and presumably it is this magnetic field that he is trying to exploit to generate the electricity needed to charge the internal battery that he believes can provide all the power that is needed to allow the E-Cat to operate in permanent self-sustain mode.

He still has not claimed success for this infinite COP/permanent SSM configuration of the E-Cat, but he does say it is close, and he has said that he hopes to demonstrate it yet this year.

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Video — OHMA : 10 Yen vs Ohmasa Gas (Bob Greenyer)

The following post was made by Bob Greenyer.

Is there anything odd going on?
https://youtu.be/iIpwFqFH8jg

Note in the clip where the coin is about to touch the PTFE, there is

– a fireball that appears to go upwards, then after the contact
– an ejection that forms a ball on ground then
– there is a blue green flame coming from the PTFE

Also, at one point, shortly after the coin is exposed to the gas, there is a sudden ‘flash’ which appears to make the metal disappear from the coin, making the hole.

Is this the same kind of ‘Flash’ as observed in Browns tests in 1990s which got rid of radio-active isotopes?

“Using a slice of radioactive Americium … Brown melted it together on a brick with small chunks of steel and Aluminum … After a couple of minutes under the flame, the molten metals sent up an instant flash in what Brown says is the reaction that destroys the radioactivity.”

http://www.rexresearch.com/fukushimamour/fukushima.htm

Could it be that copper, with its high conductivity, could be acting in a similar electron-like-structure supportive role as Aluminium did in Browns experiments?
bg

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Mizuno Assisting With Multiple Replication Efforts (Cold Fusion Now)

An article on the Cold Fusion Now websites reports about activity taking place to attempt to replicate the LENR reactor reported in the recent Mizuno/Rothwell paper Increased Excess Heat from Palladium Deposited on Nickel.

The CFN article is titled “Cold Fusion Reactor Heats Room in Sapporo” https://coldfusionnow.org/cold-fusion-reactor-heats-room-in-sapporo/

According to the article, Sindre Zeiner-Gundersen, a researcher and PhD candidate, who had worked with Lief Holmlid and Sveinn Ólafsson was given a reactor by Tadahiko Mizuno, and is preparing to test it. (This is not, however, a reactor using the nickel mesh that was described in the most recent paper.) Long-time researcher Dennis Cravens is also preparing his own replication.

Mizuno also tells Cold Fusion Now that he has rented or sold twelve reactors to labs overseas.

He states:

“I rented and sold 12 CF furnaces to Japan and overseas. They are collecting data and having a lot of data, I am going to announce the data.”

“I have named these reactors as HIKOBOSHI. This means the star Altair. I also like that I feel the meaning in Japanese, which is to “flood the lights”. Hiko is also the last kanji notation of my name.”

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New Paper: “Elliptical Tracks: Evidence for Superluminal Electrons?” (Keith Fredricks)

Thanks to Jonas Matuzas for posting about a new article posted on the Preprints website, a venue for publishing scientific papers which are “pre-screened”, but not peer reviewed.

The article is authored by Keith Fredricks and is titled “Elliptical Tracks: Evidence for Superluminal Electrons?”, published on July 15th 2019.

https://www.preprints.org/manuscript/201907.0181/v1

Here is the abstract:

In the literature of Low-Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENR), particle tracks in photographic emulsions (and other materials) associated with certain electrical discharges have been reported. Some Russian and French researchers have considered these particles to be magnetic monopoles. These tracks correspond directly to tracks created with a simple uniform exposure to photons without an electrical discharge source. This simpler method of producing tracks supports a comprehensive exploration of particle track properties. Out of 750 exposures with this method, elliptical particle tracks were detected, 22 of which were compared to Bohr-Sommerfeld electron orbits. Ellipses fitted to the tracks were found to have quantized semi-major axis sizes with ratios of ≈n2/α2 to corresponding Bohr-Sommerfeld hydrogen ellipses. This prompts inquiry relevant to magnetic monopoles due to the n2/α2 force difference between magnetic charge and electric charge using the Schwinger quantization condition. A model using analogy with the electron indicates that the elliptical tracks could be created by a bound magnetically charged particle with mass mm = 1.45 × 10-3 eV/c2, yet with superluminal velocities. Using a modified extended relativity model, mm becomes the relativistic mass of a superluminal electron, with m0 = 5.11 × 10-3 eV/c2, the fine structure constant becomes a mass ratio and charge quantization is the result of two states of the electron.

The full text is available at the website, published under the Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Hungarian LENR Researchers Respond to the Google LENR Group’s Negative Results

The following post has been submitted by Gregory Goble

Interesting paper titled “On Low-Energy Nuclear Reactions” published on arXiv, 21 June 2019, by Péter Kálmán and Tamás Keszthelyi out of Hungary.

They have been involved in LENR research for years. Review their works at LENR-CANR,org. I’ve also included a link to their Research Gate project. There you will find another paper worth reviewing published in Physical Review, May of 2019 titled, “Forbidden Nuclear Reactions”

arXiv Article – On Low-Energy Nuclear Reactions
https://arxiv.org/pdf/1907.05211v1.pdf
P´eter K´alm´an and Tam´as Keszthelyi Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Institute of Physics, Budapest, Hungary

Abstract

Based on our recent theoretical findings (Phys. Rev. C 99, 054620v(2019)) it is shown that proton and deuteron capture reactions of extremely low energy may have accountable rate in the case of all elements of the periodic table. Certain numerical results of rates of
nuclear reactions of two final fragments of extremely low energy are also given. New way of thinking about low-energy nuclear reactions (LENR) phenomena is suggested. Possible explanations for the contradictory observations announced between 1905-1927 and possible
reasons for negative results of ’cold fusion’ experiments published recently by the Google-organized scientific group (https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-019-1256-6) are given.

From page 4

Quote:

Experiments of negative results of Google-organized research group

In [14], three principal directions of research were specified: highly hydrated metals, calorimetry under extreme conditions and low-energy nuclear reactions. (This later terminology was to define a special pulsed deuterium plasma device [22] which was applied to induce
nuclear reactions of low energy.) However, nuclear transmutation [5]-[8], which is the most important phenomenon connected to LENR, was missing. It was shown above that nuclear transmutation is possible for all the elements of the periodic table therefore it is expected that traces of it must be present in all LENR observations. There exist very sensitive methods which are capable to determine small amounts of changes of chemical composition of materials and show the appearance of nuclear transmutation. Thus omission of search for nuclear transmutation is the main fault in the program of [14]. – end quotes

Research Gate Project – Low Energy Nuclear Processes
https://www.researchgate.net/project/low-energy-nuclear-processes
Péter Kálmán and Tamás Keszthelyi

Goal: Low energy nuclear processes that are strongly hindered by Coulomb repulsion between the reacting nuclei, are investigated in solid environment. The hindering effect may be significantly weakened (practically it disappears) if one takes into account the Coulomb
interaction of one of the reacting particles with the surroundings. If the modification of the wave function due to Coulomb interaction with charged constituents of the environment is taken into account applying standard perturbation calculation of quantum mechanics then wave
components of high momentum with small amplitude are mixed to the initial wave of small momentum. To these partial waves of high momentum much higher Coulomb factor can be attached that can drastically increase the cross section. The mechanism (called recoil assistance) opens the door to a great variety of nuclear processes that so far have been thought to have negligible rate at low energies. Low energy nuclear reactions allowed by recoil assistance lead to nuclear transmutations too.

Physical Review article – Forbidden Nuclear Reactions
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/333307315_Forbidden_nuclear_reactionsKálmán, Péter & Keszthelyi, Tamás. (2019).. Physical Review C. 99.
10.1103/PhysRevC.99.054620.

Exothermal nuclear reactions that become forbidden due to Coulomb repulsion in the ɛ→0 limit [limɛ→0σɛ=0] are investigated. [σɛ is the cross section and ɛ is the center of mass
energy.] It is found that any perturbation may mix states with small but finite amplitude to the initial state resulting in finite cross section (and rate) of the originally forbidden nuclear reaction in the ɛ→0 limit. The statement is illustrated by modification of nuclear
reactions due to impurities in a gas mix of atomic state. The change of the wave function of reacting particles in nuclear range due to their Coulomb interaction with impurity is determined using standard time-independent perturbation calculation of quantum mechanics. As an
example, cross section, rate and power densities of impurity-assisted nuclear pd reaction are numerically calculated. With the aid of astrophysical factors cross section and power densities of the impurity-assisted d(d,n)He23, d(d,p)t,d(t,n)He24, He23(d,p)He24, Li36(p,α)He23, Li36(d,α)He24, Li37(p,α)He24, Be49(p,α)Li36,Be49(p,d)Be48,Be49(α,n)C612,B510(p,α)Be47, and B511(p,α)Be48 reactions are also given. The affect of gas mix-wall interaction on the process is considered too.

Rossi: Permanent Self-sustaining E-Cat Producing Heat ‘Very, Very, Close’

Andrea Rossi has mentioned often his work on getting direct electricity production from the E-Cat SK plasma, but according to a new comment on the Journal of Nuclear Physics, he is also continuing to develop the heat-only E-Cat SK, and has an ambitious goal here too.

In response to a question by JPR about self-sustain mode, Ross wrote this:

Andrea Rossi
July 18, 2019 at 9:03 AM
Jean Paul Renoir:
To make the Ecat in permanent self sustaining mode, without external power source, to make heat the probability is high. We are very, very close. Then also a Carnot cycle becomes an ssm system to make electricity.
To make the same producing electricity directly from the plasma in a quantity enough to yield substantial electricity for sale or other uses, much work more has to be done.
The first mode is easier, due to the fact that the Ecat SK has a very low consume of electricity.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

I followed up with some questions about what ‘permanent self-sustain mode’ actually meant:

Frank Acland
July 18, 2019 at 7:32 PM
Dear Andrea,

Interesting that you say a permanently self-sustaining heat-producing E-Cat is very close. Can you help me understand what exactly you mean?

1. Will you need an external power source to start the E-Cat reaction?
2. Will the control system need to be connected to an external power source continuously?
3. Do you need to have access to grid electricity for this?

His responses:

Andrea Rossi
July 18, 2019 at 8:44 PM
Frank Acland:
1- no
2- no
3- no
But be careful: ” very close ” does not mean ” done ” ( so far ).
Warm Regards,
A.R.

I really don’t grasp what such a system would look like. Permanent self-sustain implies that it is always on, and powering itself somehow. Of course it would be a remarkable achievement, but he says it is non done yet, and maybe his description of ‘very close’ is overly optimistic.

Adrian Ashfield Dies

Thanks to Bob Greenyer for sharing the sad news of the death of Adrian Ashfield, a long-time contributor to this site and a friend and supporter of LENR. I was not aware that he had been ill, but Bob shared this about him:

He had been suffering from eyesight loss and so his ability to engage was becoming harder. I enjoyed many email conversations with this intelligent and accomplished man. The first thing he did when reaching out to the MFMP was offer us equipment. He was a good spirit whose positive attitude allowed him to create things others could not do. I feel for his family and friend.

An obituary can be found here:

https://www.legacy.com/obituaries/thedailyjournal/obituary.aspx?n=adrian-ashfield&pid=193147752&fhid=29188

Since we are mostly just computer commenters here, we really don’t know much about each other. People rarely share information about health and other personal issues, so it’s quite a shock to find out they are no longer with us. We each have only so much time to make contributions in this life. Thanks Adrian for yours, and may you continue to do good work in your new location. Condolences to your loved ones

New Video on Cold Fusion – ‘Double Moonshot’

Thanks to Causal Observer for pointing out a new video on the ‘Answers With Joe’ YouTube Channel, run by Joe Scott, which deals with cold fusion. Personally I had previously never hears of Joe Scott, or his channel, but he does have quite a lot of YouTube influence, with over 400,000 subscribers. The channel deals with finding answers to ‘the most perplexing question in the universe’ mainly in the fields of science and technology.

Scott begins by saying that skepticism can be its own dogma, and that if you don’t look outside the established parameters, science can’t move forward. But he also says he himself tends to side with the scientific consensus because he respects the fact that so many people have dedicated their whole working lives in science and he has no grounds to challenge these experienced experts.

Having said all that, however, he thinks it is worth looking at cold fusion because there is the slightest chance that it could prove to be real — he calls it a ‘double-moonshot’, similar to the EmDrive, in that it just might work.

The video is basically a retelling of the Pons and Fleischmann story, with no real comment on current developments.

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