New Paper: “Enhancement of Excess Thermal Power in Interaction of Nano-Metal and H(D)-Gas” (Takahashi et al.)

A new paper has been posted on the ResearchGate website by a Japanese team led by Akito Takahashi, (Professor Emeritus, Osaka University) reporting successful production of excess heat from nano-metal and hydrogen/deuterium gas experimental systems.

The authors describe the effect simply as an ‘anomalous heat effect’ (AHE)

Title of the article: “Enhancement of Excess Thermal Power in Interaction of Nano-Metal and H(D)-Gas”

Authors: Akito Takahashi, Toyoshi Yokose, Yutaka Mori, Akira Taniike, Yuichi Furuyama, Hiroyuki Ido, Atsushi Hattori, Reiko Seto, Joji Hachisuka


From the abstract:

“Significant enhancement of excess thermal power by the anomalous heat effect (AHE) has been attained by our latest experiments on interaction of binary nano-composite metal powders and H (or D) gas at elevated temperature of 300-400 °C. Observed excess thermal power levels in average were 10, 86 and 186 W/kg-sample for PNZ10, PNZ10r and PNZ10rr, respectively with deuterium-gas. In addition, levels in average were 11, 117 and 226 W/kg-sample for CNZ7, CNZ7r and CNZ7rr, respectively with light hydrogen gas. Generation of excess thermal power was very reproducible by week cycle runs of heating power on/off mode, and was steady for several days in each elevated temperature run.”

From the conclusion:

“Excess thermal power reached at the level of 200 W/kgsample continuing for several weeks or more, by the elevated temperature interaction of either Dgas or H-gas and Ni-based binary nano-composite powders supported in zirconia flakes. Further extension study towards application of industrial clean portable primary thermal energy source is encouraging.”

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SAFIRE Team to Present at Electric Universe Conference in Portland, Oregon June 2020

Thanks to John O for sending me a link to the EU2020 Vision conference sponsored by the Thunderbolts Project that will be held in Portland, Oregon later this year on June 4-7.

The description of the conference from the Thunderbolts Project conference website here:

EU2020 – Homepage

EU2020:VISION will not just challenge today’s most popular scientific assumptions, it will highlight the greatest misunderstanding of all—the claim that highly energetic events across the cosmos can be understood through the action of gravity alone.

By seeing past that misinterpretation, the pioneers of the Electric Universe are moving the space sciences into new frontiers of discovery. After more than a century of laboratory experiments with electric fields and electric discharge, our electrical theorists asked the critical question: could the Sun be the local focus of galactic electric currents, with sufficient potential to explain why the Sun shines? Recently, that question was substantially answered by the independent SAFIRE Project, confirming the electrical attributes of the Sun.

Keynote speakers will be Montgomery Childs and Michael Claridge of the SAFIRE Project who will give a presentation at 8:00 p.m. on Thursday June 4th titled, “SAFIRE Project — What Now?”

The full conference schedule can be seen here:

“MFMP Hutchison Effect Sample ‘Fracture’ – EVO Witness Marks” (Video)

The Martin Fleischmann Memorial Project has published a new video in which Bob Greenyer shows some new images he has captured from a sample called ‘Fracture’ which was provided by John Hutchison, in which he discusses marks of possible action of EVOs (Exotic Vacuum Objects)on the surface of the sample in ‘donut’ shapes.

Bob’s description from the YouTube video description:

A range of EVO strike marks in unprecedented detail were found on MFMP ‘Fracture’ Hutchison Sample 4 at the classic sizes observed by Nardi/Bostick, Shoulders, Matsumoto and other authors.

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A Display for Our State Fair (Gregory Daigle)

The following post has been submitted by Gregory Daigle.

Last year I made a proposal to our Minnesota state fair to create an exhibit on LENR. This year I will be proposing a free-standing exhibit again and I would like to get feedback from E-Cat contributors.

Here is the current design:

The Minnesota Pollution Control Agency and Dept. of Commerce have sponsored the Eco Experience building at the state fair since 2006. It is the largest state fair in the United States by average daily attendance and runs from August 27 through September 7. Approximately 270,000 people visit the building over the 12 days of the fair. The goal is to showcase Minnesota carbon reduction and climate mitigation/resiliency/adaptation stories.

I’ve designed a free-standing 5-panel display as part of our proposal. Messaging on panels cover the topics:
Distributed Energy
About the Heat
SK Leonardo
LENR in vehicles

Four of the five panels will include interactive apps on tablets as follows:

Panel 1: A slide-burst of resources given as URLs and QR code
Panel 2: Interactive software showing how many solar panels it would take to equal the energy of an SK or similar LENR generator of heat
Panel 4: Drag and drop interaction comparing the energy and power of other fuels compared to that of nuclear and LENR.
Panel 5: Interaction showing how the driving range decreases and energy consumption increases for EVs when you heat the passenger compartment of a vehicle.

Panel 3 may display a component of a LENR device (hopefully, an SK or SKL component).

Messaging of the display panels should be simple, and what you see on the current design is preliminary and may need correction or updating.
Some easy-to-understand statements on the panels would be helpful. Some statements that are kid-friendly would be nice.

For example, I’d like to know:
How many grams of nickel in an SK or SKL charge?
How many nickels (the coin) would that represent?
Other easy to comprehend comparisons addressing input or output of E-Cats
Also, any additional ideas as to what would make for interesting software interactions would be appreciated.

My biggest challenge will be that submissions are due March 6, and will be selected by March 20. These dates are likely before Rossi’s next presentation, and possibly even before the end of the testing of the SKL. Without a product introduction or clear public support by corporate partners, it is unlikely that the committee evaluating exhibits will consider the technology to be sufficiently proven (this is the reason it was rejected last year).

Hopefully, a significant presentation made by Rossi in late March or April will change their minds and I can advocate for either:
1. Reconsideration of the exhibit, or,
2. As a pop up display to be shown for only a few days of the fair.

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Brilliant Light Power Publishes New Business Presentation

Thanks to Morgan McK for posting a link to a document from Brilliant Light Power, titled ‘Business Presentation’, dated February 8, 2020, and made available on the News section of the BrLP’s website here.

It is a well organized overview of the Brilliant Light Power, including descriptions of their technology and providing data from various tests and validations that have been carried out over recent years. The document highlights some of their most important milestones, and talks about the size of the energy market that BrLP is working to compete in.

As far as new developments go, there is a slide that is titled ‘Brilliant Light Power’s Path Forward’ which included the following bullet points:

•Prove our power source to the world in the near term through power measurements, identification of the Hydrino® products of the reaction, and engineered power systems.

•Independent SunCell® and Hydrino Validations

•Advance the technology•Engineer continuous power systems

•Commercialize solutions

The full document can be read here:

The Generation of Stimulated and “Active Vacuum Interactive” Cooper Pair Condensate Quantum Membranes Within Self Organizing Plasma Double Layers for the Manipulation of Fundamental Forces Including Apparent Mass, Inertia, and Gravity. (‘Director’)

The following post has been submitted by ECW reader ‘Director’.

The Generation of Stimulated and “Active Vacuum Interactive” Cooper Pair Condensate Quantum Membranes Within Self Organizing Plasma Double Layers for the Manipulation of Fundamental Forces Including Apparent Mass, Inertia, and Gravity.

Composed by ‘Director’ — Someone who realizes knowledge must be freely distributed for the advancement of human civilization instead of hoarded within carved out and waived unacknowledged Special Access Programs accountable to no one and responsible for the atrocity that is the coverup of the visitation of our planet by multiple extraterrestrial intelligences.

Dedicated to the memory of:
Kenneth R. Shoulders

Milky Way Galaxy
Planet Earth
United States of America


Cooper pair condensates form within the electrical double layers of self organizing plasmas such as Kenneth Shoulders EVOs (Exotic Vacuum Objects) and natural ball lightning due to the attractive potential of adjacent positive ions. The available evidence suggests that these quantum membranes containing cooper pairs – which resemble electron-positron pairs in some ways – have a unique property of being able to interact with the active vacuum to a greater extent than ordinary charged particles such as electrons and ions that are not part of a condensate and still possess their full individuality. Furthermore, they can induce flows of vector potential with the required gradients and characteristics to produce gravitational force. Stimulation in the form of the induction of rotation and electrical current can magnify these effects: especially when the input is pulsed with a high rate of change. These properties have already been utilized by legacy aerospace corporations managing waived, carved out Special Access Programs to build anti-gravity craft with stunning performance characteristics.


The electrons (fermions with a one half integer spin) within the negatively charged double layers of self organizing plasma structures can be made to transform into composit bosons via the attractive potential of adjacent dense populations of positive ions via electrostatic attraction. A thin, almost two dimensional zone of these newly formed cooper pairs creates an often spherical yet sometimes torus shaped quantum membrane which possesses the characteristic properties predicted by BCS (Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer theory) such as super conductivity and super fluidity. At a minimum, in this weakly bound state in which they couple at long distance via phonon resonance, the cooper pairs composing this membrane can act as one large macro-object due to their overlapping wave functions obscuring their individuality. In other words, they become correlated due to becoming bosonic and no longer having to abide by the Pauli exclusion principle. Dependent upon the magnitude of the electrical potential difference across the double layer, the density of the plasma, and other forces acting upon them, they may experience the BCS-BEC “crossover” and become strongly bound “molecules” in closer proximity to each other: potentially regaining at least some of their individuality despite remaining in the same quantum energy level.

An extensive plethora of names exist to describe the self organizing plasma structures that can generate the superconducting quantum membranes described in the preceding paragraph. For the sake of brevity, only a limited number will be mentioned here: fireballs, free floating fireballs, complex space charge configurations, plasmoids, spheromaks, ball lightning(s), and EVOs (Exotic Vacuum Objects). A search of the literature to find the seemingly most convincing reference sources including a multitude of papers and patent applications indicate that although there are different methods of generating these objects, they all are thought to have the same or very similar structure. Namely, an exterior plasma sheath of “free” fermionic electrons, a narrow zone or membrane of a quantum electron condensate (cooper pairs) at the exterior side of the double layer, an interior layer of positive ions at the other side, and potentially multiple pairs of such double layers with measurable voltage drops between them. This common theme is not based solely on theory but also actual observations and measurements of the structures when artificially produced in the laboratory; or, in the case of ball lightning, descriptions acquired from individuals who have had real-world encounters with the phenomena.

Kenneth R. Shoulders, the father of vacuum micro-electronics and a successful engineer and inventor, coined the term “Exotic Vacuum Object” or EVO during his many years of studying the self organizing structures he most commonly produced at the sharpened tip of quickly pulsed cathodes. Out of the “plasma soup” of electrons, ions, and nano-particles (produced by the vaporization of material at the point of discharge on the electrode), an ordered construct would appear out of the chaos, seemingly violating the law of entropy. Immediately, he noticed they were capable of producing a multitude of anomalies including the ability to effortlessly carve out channels on the surface of dielectric materials (spraying out the atomized matter at a distant location), bore holes through a variety of materials, induce transmutations and isotopic shifts on target plates, split apart and recombine, produce a variety of electromagnetic emissions, and be accelerated to high speeds for low input energies. He described this property reminiscent of Star Trek’s “warp drive” by explaining the EVOs seemed to negate the tremendous bulk of their mass and inertia. This is a strong indication that some component of these self-organizing structures were capable of gaining traction or interacting with the active vacuum.

Early pioneering electrodynamicists like James Maxwell Clark considered all of space to be filled with a universal medium called the aether that permeated both matter and the void between galaxies where the hardest of gaseous vacuums exist. Today, this likely superfluidic substance would be described by more easily recognized terms such as the ZPE (Zero Point Energy) field, the electron-positron sea, the space-time metric, and the active vacuum. This fundamental substrate was what gave the scalar potential and vector potential of Maxwell’s original equations not only the status of having physical reality (instead of intangible mathematical abstractions) but also being the prime movers of all electromagnetism. Only a minority of so-called “mainstream” scientists recognize that it was a truly atrocious act for Oliver Heaviside to dismiss the primal importance of these “potentials” and thereby sabotage our understanding of physical reality. Yet a small subset of the scientific community have worked to re-think physics taking the aether, the scalar potential, and the vector potential into consideration as central concepts that must be integrated. The result of their efforts seems to be the realization that the concepts of apparent mass, inertia, gravity, and perhaps even time itself are all manifestations of these potentials.

The Russian physicist Eugene Podkletnov is yet another individual, in addition to Kenneth Shoulders, who observed anomalies from his devices; in this case, the reduction of mass and gravitational attraction of objects above a precisely made superconducting disc. Upon being spun up to high speed (levitating on magnetic fields), when having electrical current transmitted through them, and to a lesser extent even when not being stimulated by any known external means, his discs would reduce the weight of any object positioned above them. Years later, he published papers reporting on another device – an impulse beam generator – that would produce a finely collimated beam of repulsive force. This projection, allegedly capable of traveling for kilometers and punching through brick walls, was generated by discharging millions of volts from a capacitor bank configured as a Marx generator through a super conducting disc towards a copper target. This would produce a self organizing plasma ball that would emerge from the cathode and impact the anode: reminiscent to one of Kenneth Shoulders classic EVO generators but on a much larger scale and at tremendously higher power, both in terms of voltage and amperage.

What connects the mysterious properties of EVOs to those of Eugene Podkletnov’s discs seems to be obvious: the production of a condensate of cooper pairs. This unique form of matter exhibits the characteristic of being exceptionally capable of interacting with the active vacuum. Although the precise reason for this is ambiguous, our understanding may be enhanced if we compare the structure of a single bonded cooper pair to that of an electron-positron pair (or EPO as described by the late Don Hotson in his multi-part series for Infinite Energy magazine) which is theorized as being a fundamental constituent of the universal medium. An electron-positron pair represents an electron (matter) and its exact opposite (anti-matter) bound together very strongly in a tight spinning yet stable orbit within a BEC condensate spanning the universe. At least roughly analogously, a cooper pair, especially one that has made the transition from BCS to BEC, is composed of an electron of one “spin” and an electron of opposite “spin” bound together very strong in a tight spinning yet stable orbit exchanging phonon energy; and, furthermore, typically existing as part of a larger BEC. Now let’s compare the two. Both the electron-positron pair (EPO) and cooper pair have much in common: they are closely orbiting particles with opposite characteristics (matter-antimatter in one case and opposite spins in the other) as part of a condensate with collective, multi-body effects. This suggests that matter in the form of a cooper pair condensate may be similar enough to interact with the electron-positron pairs that compose the aether in a more direct manner than ordinary solids, liquids, gases, or ordinary (non-condensated and unbound) plasmas. To give an easy to visualize example, consider attempting to induce flow in the universal BEC of electron-positron pairs with non-bound “free” charged particles as trying to fan yourself on a hot summer day with a tennis racket free of webbing. You would barely be moving any air molecules at all. Conversely, if you taped on a piece of paper to the racket and fanned yourself, you could easily feel the air on your face. In this way a cooper pair condensate can have interaction with the active vacuum: the reason why Kenneth Shoulders called the EVO the Universal Clutch. There may be no better way to interact with the universal medium.

Of course, according to scalar electrodynamic theories, we manipulate the scalar potential and vector potentials continuously, to at least a minimal extent, even in the simplest of electrical circuits. But before explaining this the reader should have a conceptual idea of these two potentials. To achieve this, I’d suggest imagining an object being under the surface of a river and feeling the hydro-static pressure of the aqueous medium all around it. This is the scalar potential – the pressure or density of the aetheric environment. Next, I’d ask the reader to imagine the directional flow or movement of the water composing the river. This is the vector potential – the fluidic medium of the vacuum in motion. With these mental models in your head, you should be able to understand how electrodynamics has been suggested to be directly comparable to hydrodynamics: there’s even a series of papers about “Fluidic Electrodynamics” you can look up on the internet.

As concisely as possible, let’s take this step by step. A single electron in space (or in a conductive piece of wire) would not be impacted by a constant, uniform flow of vector potential or “A” field. To impart motion onto the electron, there must be a changing vector potential resulting in a density gradient. This results in what we call an electric field that produces an “electro-motive force” capable of generating a current. How can you produce such a force? A simple way is to move a permanent magnet past a loop of copper wire so that the magnetic or “B” field lines pass through, “cutting” or “crossing” the conductor. This works to produce an EMF in the wire because a magnetic field line is fundamentally just a tornado like vortex of vector potential spinning around the core. Technically, a magnetic field is only a vector potential with “curl.” So from one perspective, there’s no such thing as a magnetism – it’s only a way of describing a certain configuration of the vector potential. Also, it should be pointed out that to create a gradient that can induce an EMF, the charged particle can be what moves relative to the vector potential. Both will work equally as well. Yes, this is a non-traditional way of describing what’s really taking place. And, I’ll admit, woefully incomplete. But I’d argue that to truly understand and conceptualize the physical reality behind these interactions, we have to go beyond the myriad of terms used in the often confusing language of mainstream physics and focus on the aether as represented by the potentials.

Next, we must consider how an electron or any charged particle moving through space (or through a piece of conductive wire) imparts a certain amount of drag on the active vacuum around it. In the direction of the charged particles motion, a vector potential forms. Again, looking at this from a fundamental perspective a certain quantity of aether particles (perhaps electron-positron pairs) are traveling with the electron in the same direction. Additionally, a magnetic field forms around the particle or a wire with current running through it. These can be considered as analogous to smoke rings with a low pressure core – tornadoes of vector potential with their ends connected. Or you could try to envision the magnetic field as the vortex behind a large truck driving down the highway at high speed. And if the charged particle accelerates so there’s a changing vector potential or magnetic field (a curled vector potential) with a gradient around it, motion can be induced in a second charged particle or in a nearby wire exposed to them.

A fascinating conundrum to ponder is how these potentials can be utilized to manipulate gravity and the other fundamental forces of the universe. First, let’s look at what even causes gravitational forces when looking at the reality of the situation through the lens of scalar electrodynamics. There are flows of the basic units of the active vacuum (call them electron-positron pairs, virtual particles, gravitons, or whatever name you wish) moving in all directions throughout the universe. This type of universal radiation penetrates even large massive bodies such as planets and stars; however, a minuscule percentage of the units are blocked and don’t make it all the way through. Due to this effect, an object sitting on the surface of a planet – such as yourself – experiences a greater flux of this radiation coming downward from the space above rather than upward through the giant mass beneath you. This results in a repulsive force – not attractive – that pushes you down and keeps you from floating up towards the ceiling. Remember though that a constant flow of vector potential or electron-positron pairs isn’t enough to even electromagnetically impart motion to an electron or induce an EMF in a wire: so it’s not about to repulse neutral, non-electrically charged matter either! Even an ordinary gradient of due to having a changing flow of vector potential won’t make one bit of difference. Instead, to manipulate gravity, we need a way of imparting a “special” gradient or change in the properties of the vector potential. You might even call it a “double” gradient in that you may need a set of gradients super imposed on each other. Most likely, there’s even a better descriptive term to use. But I’ll give you an example what might constitute a unique gradient capable of producing gravitational force – the longitudinal ampere force. A good example of this force in action is the buckling of rail gun tracks. When an extremely powerful, high current is passed through them with an exceptional high rate of change (meaning non-linear), a force literally scrunches up the tracks. In other experiments, such as applying sudden high currents through liquid mercury, a channel devoid of material can be formed breaking the circuit. A whole book has been written about a series of experiments documenting this effect. My mental model tells me that in the direction of current (meaning the charged particles) there’s a rapid, non-linear build up of vector potential that is “special” enough to produce a gravitational force.

Now I’ll try to bring everything around full circle. There are a number of different ways to produce self organizing plasma structures with the quantum membranes that appear so important: quickly discharging a sharpened cathode towards an anode (K. Shoulders method), placing an anode of a different electrical potential between two cathodes (The SAFIRE Project’s method), establishing an electrical discharge within the negative resistance regime between the electrodes of a discharge tube tuned to resonance (Andrea Rossi’s E-Cat QX/SK/SKL), applying radio frequency or microwave radiation to an enclosed gaseous environment within a dielectric enclosure (Chukanov), and probably a half dozen others. Some produce transitory EVOs that are short-lived and others produce macro-scale objects that continually sustain themselves feeding off electrons, thermal energy, and electromagnetic radiation in their environment. But what seems to give them their unique ability to manipulate the fundamental forces – resulting in observed anomalies like the warp drive like effect Kenneth Shoulders witnessed or the weight reduction above Podkletnov’s discs – is the cooper pair condensate that forms in their double layer(s). There’s something about this fifth state of matter that creates flows of vector potential with the required gradients or other unknown characteristics to produce a gravitational influence. When an electrical current is flowing through these self organizing plasmas and they are spinning (both are happening in the double layers wrapped around the spherical anode of the SAFIRE Project reactor) the effect may possibly be augmented. Moreover, pulsing the electrical input may help as well.

No exotic phenomena really matters unless it can be engineered and harnessed to do something practical. The great news is that the evidence seems very convincing that the cooper pair condensates within self organizing plasmas have already been utilized to build anti-gravity vehicles. Sadly, the bad news is that these craft with amazing performance characteristics and potentially faster than light capability have been locked away in Special Access Programs and sequestered away from humanity since the late 1950’s or early 1960’s when they were first developed. What’s even more disparaging is that the technology used in these vehicles didn’t simply offer ultra-fast propulsion but a route towards unlimited clean and cheap energy – most likely from a combination of LENR reactions and energy extracted from the active vacuum. Nevertheless, there’s enough available information to piece together the basic concepts of how these vehicles flew, and there are multiple companies right now developing clean energy technologies utilizing self organizing plasmas.

The Fluxliner ARV (Alien Reproduction Vehicle) was a craft build by Lockheed Martin that consisted of multiple interconnected systems that together formed a unified power and propulsion mechanism. I’ll be focusing one one main component: a central column that contained a rapidly pulsed electric discharge to produce a macro-scale EVO (Exotic Vacuum Object). However, instead of being a spherical ball wrapped with a quantum membrane of a cooper pair condensate, I think the column was designed to produce a torus. In this configuration that would more closely resemble a spheromak, the positive ions would travel around the interior body of the donut shaped torus and the exterior cooper pairs would travel in and out of the central hole. To visualize their movement, try to imagine a common toroidal inductor wound with copper wire. With the electrons moving in this direction, the magnetic field would be mostly confined to the interior volume of the torus and the vector potential or “A” field would travel out of the hole, spray out of the top or bottom of the craft, wrap around it creating a bubble, and then reenter on the opposite side before going back through and recirculating. This wouldn’t be just any common vector potential, though. Instead, it would have been induced by the cooper pair condensate that resembles the electron-positron pair condensate that fills the universe. Thus, it would have a greater potential to produce the type of gradient needed to manipulate apparent mass, inertia, and gravity – which are all manifestations of the scalar potential. To further add additional gradients to this field, the shape of the bubble could be made asymmetric by multiple possible means including altering the shape of the of the self organizing plasma or macro-EVO or utilizing the capacitor plates at the bottom of the craft (which utilize the Biefield Brown Effect) to shape the field. Importantly, the vehicle itself which acts as a massive Tesla coil would be pulsing the high density (at least atmospheric) plasma within the central column with many millions of volts and thousands of amps. This would stimulate the quantum membrane of cooper pairs by accelerating them periodically, inducing a sharp rate of change of their rotational speed. This would translate into another gradient in the vector potential.

With all the above mechanisms in play, a zone of reduced aetheric pressure would be created ahead of the craft and a greater aetheric pressure would exist behind it. This differential would push the craft forward at high speed through a the reduced pressure region where the speed of light would be INCREASED. That’s correct: the speed of light is determined by the density of the aether or the value of the scalar potential. If we can reduce this value, the speed of light will go up. Almost unimaginably wonderful is what the general speaking at Lockheed’s Palmdale hanger allegedly said – according to a witness by the name of Brad Sorensen – when he (the general) was attempting to sell the idea of a run of thirty “papa bear” models (each approximately 130 feet in diameter) to key United States Senators present: that as the craft speeds up it extracts more energy from space in a positive feedback loop. So if you want to go faster, you’ll have the power to do so – totally free from the active vacuum!

In a nutshell, here’s a quick review of the key concepts we’ve covered so far.

1) There’s many different ways to produce self organizing plasma structures with electrical double layers.

2) A certain percentage of the electrons in the double layers, if the voltage drop is strong enough to produce an adequately powerful attractive force, will convert from individual fermions to cooper pairs – composit bosons – due to the electro-static potential of the adjacent positive ions.

3) A very thin quantum membrane of a cooper pair condensate will form at the edge of the double layer in which the individual pairs will have lost their individuality.

4) Due to evidence including the mass and inertia nullifying “warp drive” effect of Kenneth Shoulders EVOs and Eugene Podkletnov’s superconductive discs, we can surmise that such cooper pair condensates are responsible for the manipulation of these forces.

5) The cooper pairs have similarities to the electron-positron pairs that are speculated to be a fundamental component of the active vacuum. This makes it seem that the cooper pairs could be especially interactive with the the aether.

6) The scalar and vector potentials have actual physical reality and are the prime movers of electromagnetism and are also responsible for gravity. (Inertia too but that’s for another essay.) However, to induce a vector potential capable of producing gravitational force it must have unique properties such as a “double gradient” either from asymmetry in shape or a very fast change over time. An example was given of the longitudinal ampere force causing the buckling of rail gun tracks when a powerful, abrupt current is applied. This force can also be demonstrated when an electrical discharge creates an empty channel across a pool of liquid mercury.

7) In some technologies being developed today that utilize self-organizing plasmas, both a current is being driven through the the cooper pair condensate and the double layers are spinning: potentially simulating the conditions that allowed for Podkletnov’s modification of gravity.

8) The bare bones concept between the Fluxliner ARV is explained including the self organizing plasma in the central column. It’s pointed out that since the entire craft behaves as a high voltage Tesla coil, it will be sending high voltage, high amperage impulses through the self organizing plasma producing abrupt accelerations of the exterior cooper pairs circulating around the torus. These pulses and the asymmetrical shape of the bubble around the craft will allow for propulsion towards a region of reduced aetheric pressure ahead of the craft.

To continue, I’d like to add a few subsequent thoughts and observations before providing a summary.

a) To optimize the structure of the self organizing plasma, the element mercury and especially its fermionic isotope Hg199 (with a one half integer spin) could be considered for use. The use of this element would offer advantages for a multitude of reasons. First, introducing heavy ions into a self organizing plasma structure helps stabilize the structure, as specified by William Bostic who invested the formation of both spheromaks and plasmoids. Since mercury is a very heavy element, it should be very good at this task. Secondly, when the outer two electrons are removed and mercury becomes doubly ionized (resulting in Hg++), it obtains an electron configuration that makes it a “pseudo-noble gas.” Kenneth Shoulders utilized both noble gases in the general atmosphere of his discharge tube and liquid mercury as a wetting agent – to protect the tip of his cathode – with great success. Due to the atomic weight of mercury, it could potentially be the most promising noble gas like candidate. Thirdly, Hg199 has a one half integer spin and no “quadrapolar moment” unlike certain other isotopes of mercury. Thus, when the ions of Hg199 would be spin polarized by the magnetic field within the positive sheathes of the double layers, the relaxation time would be increased. This would conserve energy and keep the macro-EVO more stable. Fourth, there are rumors that the Fluxliner ARV utilized the specific isotope Hg199. For all of these reasons, if they can do so safely, I would urge The SAFIRE Project to find a way to test Hg199 in one of their systems, preferably with other elements with a one half integer spin like hydrogen.

b) I predict that when The SAFIRE Project claims that they have detected the nullification of gravity within their double layers, they really mean that the force of gravity on the material of the anode itself is being negated (not just the gases between the double layers). As evidence, I’d like to point out that in several credible UFO sightings, some by pilots, classic “saucer” shaped (or wedge shaped) UFOs have suddenly became surrounded by brilliant plasma before accelerating away at insane speeds that would have created g-forces capable of destroying any airframe and killing any occupants. It seems logical that whatever process is at work around UFOs is also taking place around the SAFIRE anode.

c) The double layered structures and the cooper pair condensates that from also seem to be responsible for the ability to induce LENR reactions. This is evidenced by the transmutation of elements discovered by The SAFIRE Project and experiments going back a hundred years utilizing electrical discharges that would produce steady state or transient EVOs. So in addition to potentially being the key to interstellar travel, the EVO phenomena is likely what will allow for unlimited energy production.

d) Many have speculated that energy from the active vacuum can be extracted from the cooper pair condensate or the phenomena it produces. I’m curious if energy is being produced by any of the following mechanisms: ion acoustic oscillations extracting electron-positron pairs from the vacuum, ultra-strong magnetic fields in the interior polarizing the active vacuum, Casimir effect energy that helped bring the electrons together against their mutual self repulsion being extracted, or the emission of Hawkings radiation.

e) I suspect that the active vacuum interaction properties are maximized when the multiple double layers collapse at high current and create a voltage drop that Montgomery Childs has stated can be up to 1000 volts in their reactor. This is when he states the excess heat effect and transmutations take place. I suspect the gravity modifying/shielding capability, excess heat production, and transmutations all start taking place at the same time when the quantum membrane of cooper-pairs are formed. However, I also suspect that by modifying the fuel composition – for example removing the hydrogen and only using Hg199 – the gravitational shielding aspect can be enhanced while the number of transmutations is reduced. Instead, the excess energy would be coming from the active vacuum.

f) By increasing the density of the plasma all of these effects would likely be enhanced with the downside of the voltage needing to be higher.

g) I really hope they will run tests to try and produce a “free floating fireball” that’s not touching any of the electrodes so instead of dialing everything up to 11 they can dial everything up to 15. I suspect that for long term energy producing it would be best to use one cathode and one anode tuned into resonance within the negative resistance regime.


The self organizing plasma construct known as the Exotic Vacuum Object – in addition to many other names – turns out to be the key to high powered LENR systems but also the control of the basic forces of the universe including apparent mass, inertia, and gravity. More precisely, the super conducting, super fluidic cooper pair condensate forming a quantum membrane seems to be what interacts with the active vacuum and induces all these effects. By learning how to manipulate the EVO into different forms such as a torus that would create a bubble of “special” vector potential with the proper gradient and characteristics to have “traction” with the active vacuum, we could build anti-gravity vehicles with the capability to travel faster than the speed of light.


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Rossi on New SKL Component: ‘It Works’

There have been some new comments from Andrea Rossi on the new component that he said they had to create to ensure the reliable operation of the E-Cat SKL. He has explained that this component is some kind of software program, but has not explained what it does.

Yesterday he stated that ‘we are resolving all the problems’ with the E-Cat SKL, and today I asked him if he has been using the new component yet. His response:

Andrea Rossi
February 12, 2020 at 8:51 AM
Frank Acland:
We are using it now and it works.
Warm Regards,

I hope this means that the third party testing can start now, as that needs to be completed before any public presentation takes place.

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Question about Bose-Einstein Condensates in LENR (Jean Pierre)

The following question/post has been submitted by ECW reader Jean-Pierre.

I am always appreciative of very learned people who have the patience to correct and/or further enlighten a struggling novice in a particular field of study. Please feel free to assist me in my attempts to get to grips with Bose-Einstein Condensates, and the part that they seem to play in LENR. The following is my somewhat hazy understanding garnered from all the comments so far made.

No one really knows what an electron really is ,but it is known that it bears three characteristics or properties, viz mass, charge and spin. No one knows what the second one is but the electron is said to carry the negative sort. The term spin is a property that can be thought of in a very simple way as a sort of compass needle that has two directions associated with it. Thus spin is magnetic in nature?

When an electron encounters a quantum of light from a laser at a the right frequency and suitable conditions , the two become momentarily entangled in such a way that this results in the electron becoming split into two quasi entities ( ‘particles’). One carries away the spin characteristic and is called a spinon (aka polariton) while the other waltzes off with the mass and negative charge and is called the orbiton.

As more and more polaritons are formed in a particular small region of space in say a plasma, there seems to be some sort of wish to have a party /get together because of some sort of attraction. This results in a clumping action. I note that bosons appear to exhibit social behaviour so perhaps we see bosonic behaviour here? The result is a ‘condensing’ action and the clump is called a Bose-Einstein condensate or BEC. If this clumping reaches a certain critical number, and these spinons magically line up in the same direction ,a relatively large amount of energy is given off (in the form of photons?). It is a bit like the critical mass being reached in the atom bomb. What happens to the BEC immediately after this energy is emitted? I have a sneaking suspicion that Mr. Higgs will start meddling in some peculiar way.

In the meantime the orbitons carry negative charge and mass and this charge causes antisocial behaviour (Fermionic so to speak) and these quasi entities repel each other and fly apart. Since we know that a flow of electrons produces a magnetic field around its path, do the orbitons also exhibit this behaviour? What happens to these orbitons? Do they fly about the plasma and increase in number as more BECS are formed? Are they easily affected by deliberately applied magnetic fields so that they can all be made to move in a chosen direction to be useful?

Finally, we have become aware of manifestations called double layers. Is there a simple picture that we can visualise involving their construction? Do BECs and floating orbitons play a major part in these double layers? So sorry if my delving into the subject, by trying to read and understand the comments in the ECW blog, has produced a very confused personal picture. I would welcome any efforts to clarify things.

Thanks. Jean Pierre

Rossi: Third Party E-Cat SKL Testing to End in March

Here is a question and comment from Andrea Rossi today which deals with the timing of the E-Cat SKL presentation:

Sven B
February 9, 2020 at 7:32 AM
Dear Andrea Rossi,
What is now the most probable month for the E-Cat SKL presentation?
1: March
2: April
3: May

Kind regards
Sven B

Andrea Rossi
February 9, 2020 at 8:38 AM
Sven B:
The independent party tests will end sometime in March. Eventually will be made the presentation
Warm Regards

At one point, Rossi said that the third party testing would start in January, but has not yet confirmed if this actually happened (he said once the matter was ‘confidential’). We have heard recently of component failure which one assumes would have interfered with third party testing, if it had started. So that is probably the reason for the delay. Once the new component has been built, I assume it will have to be tested internally before the SKL can handed over to the independent testers. Then, assuming no further problems with the SKL, the presentation can be planned.

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Gravity Control and The SAFIRE Project Reactor (‘Director’)

The following post has been submitted by ECW reader ‘Director’.

Let’s start off with the following screenshot from one of the SAFIRE Project’s videos:

If you look closely at the list, one of their discoveries has been…

“Gravity shielding of matter within the Double Layers.”

You may think this simply means that the ions floating between the double layers surrounding their anode are shielded. However, I think that there very well be much more going on and ALL of the material surrounded by the membrane like double layers could be insulated from gravity: including the bulk material of the anode itself! That’s right, I believe that The SAFIRE Project may have discovered a way to negate the gravitational force on macro-scale quantities of matter. But as I will go into near the end of this hopefully concise article, what they have discovered is only the tip of the iceburg and the effect can likely be tremendously magnified to allow for the construction of a viable space craft which outrageous performance characteristics.

Let’s look at the structure of the double layers around their anode which are analogous to that of Kenneth Shoulders EVOs (Exotic Vacuum Objects) and natural ball lightning. There are onion like regions of dense plasma that alternate in composition between positively charged ion filled regions and negatively charged electron shells. Although the layers with electrons as a whole are likely not two dimensional, multiple papers describing ball lightning – manmade and natural – propose that there exists an ultra-thin layer of an electron condensate. This spherical narrow zone or border within the negatively charged double layer could also be envisioned as one giant particle composed of electrons pressed closely together to the extent they lose their individuality and their wave functions overlap. Due to the probability they behave like entangled cooper pairs, this structure is also likely super conductive as predicted by BCS Superconductivity Theory. Basically, whatever self-organizing force that makes the double layers of an EVO (such as the one wrapped around The SAFIRE Project’s anode) form is responsible for creating this condensate. This is particularly fascinating because ordinarily electrons form cooper pairs and then go onto entangle into condensates in materials at very low temperatures. Being able to produce shells of such an exotic form of matter – perhaps in a fifth state beyond that of ordinary plasma – is truly remarkable and opens up all sorts of applications – including the manipulation of apparent mass, gravity, and inertia.

Due to the experiments of Eugene Podkletnov and others, we have learned that in carefully constructed systems using low temperature superconductors that gravity can be shielded. It’s proposed in papers available online that the cooper pairs in the material are responsible for this shielding, due to the fact that they have an increased ability to polarize the active vacuum, or, in simple terms, manipulate the “aether” or universal medium of space that’s responsible for gravity.

In one of Podkletnov’s experiments, the force of gravity was reduced over a spinning superconductive disc. Yet he has also reported being able to project beams of repulsive force utilizing an electrical discharge that is transmitted through a superconducting cathode towards an anode. Allegedly, this narrow column of force penetrated barriers such as brick walls and traveled kilometers of distance without significantly dispersing or weakening. At the highest powers and in some conditions, he reported the force was strong enough to punch holes through walls and bend metal bars. These strong effects required millions of volts from a specially built capacitor bank (in it’s own room for safety reasons) configured as a Marx generator.

Yet he is not alone in making claims of being able to manipulate these fundamental forces. Kenneth R. Shoulders, during the 1980’s in collaboration with Dr. Harold Puthoff, discovered that he could accelerate EVOs (Exotic Vacuum Objects) to high speeds for very little input energy. He described the effect as if an EVO was somehow negating the vast majority of it’s own mass and inertia. It’s important to note that although the geometric shape of these self organizing plasmas may vary due to a number of different factors, the basic concept of a membrane of electrons in the double layer somehow resisting their mutual electrostatic repulsion is universal. The exact mechanism that holds them together is debatable. Perhaps Dr. Puthoff’s theory of the Casimir force holding them together is correct or their entangled state nullifies their repulsion that tries to push them apart. Regardless, this condensate-like membrane seems to exist. One thing I should add is that it might require a critical threshold to form. A weak double layer might not be sufficient to create such a condensate: but the collapse of several strong double layers at high power in the SAFIRE reactor may be sufficient. This is also the condition in their system that allows for the transmutation of elements and the production of excess heat among other anomalies. But why would this special state of matter be so good at interacting with the “stuff” that composes the vacuum? I think it could be that the “electron-positron sea” of Dirac might be a type of condensate and that the shell of cooper pair-like electrons may be much more similar state to the material that composes the vacuum than normal matter or normal electrons that are not joined together. I’ll make this analogy perhaps ordinary electrons are like a tennis racket with a thin frame that zips through the air while the electron condensate in a unique form of matter is more like a solid paddle without holes in the webbing.

So how exactly would such a condensate block gravity? According to the theory of scalar electrodynamics, which considers the scalar and vector potentials to have physical reality (instead of simply being mathematical abstractions) and the prime mover of ALL electromagnetism, gravity isn’t the warping of space but a pressure effect produced by gradients in the aetheric medium. Units of this fundamental substance at the basis of physical reality are traveling in all directions and penetrate all objects in space. However, matter blocks an extremely tiny percentage of these units so that an object sitting on the surface of a massive body (such as a planet) would have slightly more radiative pressure coming down from above than up from below. This is gravity. As you sit in your chair right now, there’s more pressure coming down from space above than coming up through the Earth: this keeps you from floating upwards.

Apparently, looking at the experiments with superconductors, when the cooper pairs within them are manipulated in very precise ways – such as being made to spin either by the rotation of the disk or also with the application of an electrical current across the disk – the weight of objects above them can be reduced. Considering the repulsive beam allegedly produced by Podkletnov, this could be due to an induced flow of aether units flowing out of the super conductor upwards. What’s important to consider at this point is that it’s the cooper pairs that seem to be inducing this effect by inducing motion in the aether. And, fascinatingly, the double layers of the SAFIRE Project reactor seem to have some of the same qualities:

– They are spinning or rotating around the anode.

– They are being fed electrical current.

– They seem to likely contain one or more ultra-thin layers of a condensate of electrons that are similar to entangled cooper pairs.

– They can, if the SAFIRE Project team desired to do so, be accelerated with periodic jolts of high voltage to accelerate the spin and rotation of the cooper pair condensate.

I think it’s very possible that even without the fourth of the above points, at high power when the multiple double layers collapse to form a single sharp double layer with a huge voltage drop (according to Monty Childs this drop can be 1000 volts) the weight of the anode itself may be reduced by a certain percentage or completely. Basically, it would be due to having Podkletnov’s spinning cooper pairs forming a layer surrounding the anode and it being made immune to the difference in aetheric pressure coming down from above verses up from the Earth.

For the record, the above is conjecture. We have zero data from The SAFIRE Project that this is taking place except for a few vague comments from Montgomery Childs and the text provided in one of their presentations. However, I expect that this gravity shielding effect is occurring. I may be wrong. If I’m correct, then this is an exploitable and engineerable effect. My mental model tells me that due to the spherical shape of the double layer(s) with these unique condensates of electrons, the surrounding environment would not experience additional net gravitational forces. But other configurations could likely exert effects.

I’d like to suggest a configuration that could be used to build an actual vehicle. In fact, I believe it has already been designed and is named the Fluxliner ARV (Alien Reproduction Vehicle). My research tells me that it was built by Lockheed in the late 1950’s to early 1960’s. By now, the private corporations that manage the unacknowledged Special Access Programs have probably built many subsequent vehicles. The basic concept is to produce a self-organizing torodial or donut shaped plasma within a reactor cylinder at the center of the craft. Instead of the electron condensate spinning around the surface of a virtual sphere, it would be traveling around the surface of the donut like a length of copper wire wound around a toroidal inductor. The magnetic field would be contained in the body of the toroid and the unique electric field (that’s enhanced by the cooper pairs to be capable of manipulating the active vacuum) or vector potential would flow out of the central hole upwards, be guided to the top point of the saucer shaped vehicle, wrap around to the bottom of the craft, and re-enter creating a bubble. If the shape of this bubble was made asymmetrical, then there would be net motion in a specific direction towards a region of lowered aetheric “pressure” and away from a region of greater aetheric pressure behind the craft. The occupants in such a craft would feel no g-forces due to acceleration, the craft itself could accelerate to any speed without worrying about g-forces destroying the structure, the bubble could protect the craft from friction in the atmosphere or space dust, and the craft would be capable of exceeding the normal speed of light (at ambient aetheric pressure) because it would be creating a zone of lower pressure ahead of itself.

What’s also advantageous is that the same self organizing plasma vortex that provided the bubble of magnetic vector potential (augmented in some unique way by the cooper pair like condensate in the plasma) would also be producing the energy to power the vehicle! Some of this energy could be from unique nuclear reactions. However, a certain percentage could be extracted from the vacuum itself. Basically, such a vehicle would have one system that would provide for inertial damping, deflector shields, propulsion, energy production, and even communication by modulating the frequency of the plasma ball. Another thing I’d like to note is that I expect such a craft would utilize a dense plasma in its core to allow for more electrons to produce a stronger double layer and perhaps a more powerful membrane of entangled cooper pairs.

To sum up, I’ve proposed that the gravity nullifying properties of the double layers around the anode in The SAFIRE Project reactor are due to the presence of a properly stimulated, spinning condensate of engangled cooper-pair like electrons. Due to an enhanced interaction or “traction” with the aether or active vacuum, its able to shield gravity and in other configurations produce “warp drive” like effects such as those that Ken Shoulders induced with his EVOs. Combined with the ability to produce massive quantities of anomalous energy, this makes these self-organizing plasma structures a true panacea capable of changing our civilization. I hope that The SAFIRE Project will tell us more about any experiments they have conducted to determine if gravity is being modified. The connections to the work of Eugene Podkletnov and others are blatantly obvious and cannot be ignored. If there is evidence that gravity or inertia are being modified, it should be presented openly to the world. Any effort by the DoD or other agencies to suppress such information should be rebuked at all cost. Such a technology must be utilized for the benefit of our species and not hidden away in unacknowledged Special Access Programs.

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