Yesterday I noticed an interesting question posed to Andrea Rossi about the E-Cat SKL from user Burt, who asked – “I understood that to get all the possible electricity you have to extract it from many parts of the plasma with independent lines: am I correct?”
Andrea Rossi responded, “yes.”
This got me thinking about how one might maximize the production of electricity from the SKL’s plasma, and I conceptualized it in terms of a mine from which energy can be extracted . So I asked Rossi the following questions:
July 6, 2020 at 8:36 AM
Your answer to Burt is interesting, let me see if I understand correctly. I am using the analogy of a coalmine, into which mine shafts are tunneled, from which coal can be extracted.
1. Can we consider the plasma to be a kind of ‘mine’ that has electricity within it that can be mined for practical purposes?
2. Can we think of ‘independent lines’ within the plasma as mine shafts from which electricity can be extracted.
3. If so, the more mineshafts you can have within the plasma, the greater the total amount of electricity that can be extracted?
4. Is it therefore advantageous to have a larger total volume of plasma so that more mine shafts can fit?
Here are his responses:
July 6, 2020 at 10:41 AM
1- figuratively, yes
2- as in 1
4- this is a more complex issue. We are working through it.
I suppose that the larger the volume of plasma, the greater the input power required, so there may not be greater efficiency if the plasma is large. Overall, however, I find Rossi’s responses interesting. He has stated that they are working to increase the energy density of the E-Cat SKL, and that the way to increase energy density is to find ways to increase the number of ‘independent lines’ inside the plasma through which electricity can be extracted.
I put the tube into a stainless steel tube (cigar holder) filled with silicone oil:
Here is a schematic:
The resistor was adjusted to 10 ma. At 10 ma, there is a 2.5 volt drop across the tube with the plate connected. The current drops to a few microamps when the plate is disconnected and placed in the silicone fluid.
I am letting it “age” with the pulsing full-wave DC applied.
Thanks to a reader for sending a link to an article by Mike Williams of Rice University posted on Phys.org titled “Physicists see surprisingly strong light, high heat from nanogaps between plasmonic electrodes”
According to the article, Researchers at Rice University in Houston, Texas found that light was emitted in a nanoscale gap between two gold electrodes (and electrodes of other plasmonic materials).
From the article:
“The researchers formed several metals into microscopic, bow tie-shaped electrodes with nanogaps, a test bed developed by the lab that lets them perform simultaneous electron transport and optical spectroscopy. Gold was the best performer among electrodes they tried, including compounds with plasmon-damping chromium and palladium chosen to help define the plasmons’ part in the phenomenon.
[. . .]
“Through the spectrum of the emitted light, the researchers’ measurements revealed those hot carriers are really hot, reaching temperatures above 3,000 degrees Fahrenheit while the electrodes stay relatively cool, even with a modest input of about 1 volt.”
Yesterday I asked Andrea Rossi on the Journal of Nuclear Physics what was taking up most of his time and attention these days. Here is his response:
June 26, 2020 at 12:15 PM
We are increasing the energy density: an invention of yesterday has opened a new path in this sense. We are accumulating information continuing to use the Ecat SKL.
Rossi never stops the R&D process, and this has proven to be frustrating to some observers who just want him to demonstrate something, even though it may not be the optimum configuration. Rossi’s nature seems to be that if it can be improved, it should be improved, and he shows no inclination to stop his work on developing the E-Cat. In the long term, that is probably a good thing, otherwise he would have been satisfied with a heater a long time ago, and never have moved into the realm of direct electricity production where he is now.
The terms energy density and power density are related, but different. Personally I have sometimes been confused by the differences in the terms. One simple distinction between the two that I have found helpful is that energy density in say an EV battery would refer to how far a vehicle can travel, while power density refers to how fast it can travel.
Another comment that I found interesting was in response to a question about whether the E-Cat SKL could be shrunk to the the size of a smartphone battery. Rossi’s response:
June 26, 2020 at 4:12 PM
Just enough to say that theoretically it should not be impossible, but our focus now is not there.
The following paper has been submitted by Eric Ashworth.
The Unifying of Gravity with Energy:
This paper is about energy as understood from the perspective of understanding gravity. Gravity is energy and energy is gravity. There is nothing other except that which it constructs. This no doubt you could find difficult to believe but the statements to be made can be substantiated by geometry, maths and an embodied mechanical mechanism referred to as a ‘Bipolar Unifying Field Oscillator’ (B.U.F.O.)
that is able to demonstrate the understanding in a practical way.
To understand energy you need to understand the complete cycle that involves understanding the conservation of energy. This paper will not deal with the atomic structures as they are well understood as being involved with the permutations of the hydrogen atom i.e. complex mathematical formulae. What it will explain is hydrogen and its direct relationship to the basic format of gravity. In other words, the format of the hydrogen atom is a micro image of the Cosmos with regards its geometry, maths and states i.e. active and static.
Also this paper will deal with the Exotic Vacuum Object (E.V.O.) and the part they play in the
geometric manipulation of the hydrogen atom whereby the curvature forces transition to linear forces and the linear forces transition back to curvature forces. This two stage transition provides an understanding of the Conservation of Energy with regards potential energy and kinetic energy and
has a direct involvement with the recent new source of energy obtained from Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (L.E.N.Rs) as that demonstrated by Andrea Rossi.
Also it will in tandem explain how an ElectroMagnetic drive (E.M. drive) generates propulsion in outerspace for interplanetary commuting. These technologies when fully understood will open up new frontiers in the understanding of energy of which there is nothing other than and therefore this paper will be incomplete to those wishingfull disclosure on every level i.e. I will make a statement without in-depth elaboration even though such statements can be elaborated upon because the subject can become too intense and overwhelming. Therefore this paper has had Occam’s Razor applied to it and can be considered to be in skeletal format but nevertheless informative.
Here’s an excerpt from an article on Yahoo News about results of a clinical trial carried out in the United Kingdom in which a steroid was used to treat people suffering with COVID-19:
‘A cheap steroid called dexamethasone has been found to reduce the risk of death by up to one-third among coronavirus patients with severe respiratory complications, University of Oxford researchers have said.
‘Scientists working on the Recovery Trial found the drug could benefit patients on ventilators or oxygen, but had no effect on those who did not need help breathing.
‘“Based on these results, one death would be prevented by treatment of around eight ventilated patients or around 25 patients requiring oxygen alone,” researchers said in a statement.
‘Matt Hancock, the health secretary, tweeted: “This global first exemplifies the power of science.”
“I’m absolutely delighted that today we can announce the first successful clinical trial for a treatment for Covid-19,” he added.’
Thanks to ECW reader Desireless for the comments and image that make up this post.
According measurement I was successfull to replicate Mizuno. COP is only around 1.2 – 1.5 but I am working on a new reactor with more similar design.
Results can be reproduced for over 5 months. I will share more details if anyone want.
Here you can see power on procedure. Note that input power is constant – 50W from the beginning.
Here you have plot that shows excess heat with COP over 1.3. I had no time to calculate it precisely in terms of power, but here you have a plot from one run. The plot is displaying a moment when Deuterium was introduced. As you can see the maxium excess is reached after around 10 minutes. Then the temperature is decreasing. But even then the temperature is higher by a few degrees for seemingly unlimited time.
Setup is power analyser for input power measurement and IR gun for optical measurement and thermocouple for internal measurement.
The best COP can be optained with internal temperature of around 350°C (external at the plot). But also with 800°C excess heat is apparent. Probably this is caused by a diffrent loading.
Another important fact is when there are impurities at the mesh or gas I am able to reach over 5x background gamma ray readings.
Thanks to Bruce M for sharing a video which discusses the ReGenX generator invented by Canadian inventor Thane Heins who is President and CEO, Potential +/- Difference Inc.
Heins has been working in this field for many years, but I don’t believe has produced any working products to this point. I don’t have any information to confirm the claims made here, but I post it here for the information of readers.
Below are some of the key claims made in the video:
“Generator armature reaction opposes the torque supplied by the prime mover. Generator armature reaction is also referred to as motor action in a generator, or a counter electromagnetic torque.
“Positive torque performs positive work and increases system kinetic energy, and negative torque performs negative work and it reduces they system’s kinetic energy.
“The ReGenX generator’s load current delay reverses and eliminates 100% of the negative effects of generator armature reaction. Because generator armature reaction is removed, 100% of the input power required during electricity generation is also removed forever!
“The ReGenX generator innovation when applied to electric vehicles is called Electric vehicle regenerative acceleration . . . Electric vehicle regenerative acceleration is the exact opposite of electric vehicle regenerative braking, were the EV is actually accelerated when the batteries are being recharged!
“The electric vehicle regenerative acceleration innovation reverses generator armature reaction (EV regenerative braking), it reverses the generator’s counter electromagnetic torque and it produces a complementary electromagnetic torque . . . which performs positive work.
“Infinite amounts of electricity can now be generated for humanity with the ReGenX Generator innovation while producing zero pollution!”
In what could be an important advancement in the field of electric vehicles, Zeng Yuqun, chairman of the Chinese company CATL, which supplies batteries to Tesla and Volkswagen, told Bloomberg News that CATL is ready to supply manufacturers with batteries that can power a vehicle 1.24 million miles during a lifespan of sixteen years. This would be a big improvement for over current EV batteries which are guaranteed for up to around 150,000 miles/8 years.
Neither Tesla nor Volkswagen have commented on Zeng’s statement, but Tesla had been planning to hold a “Battery Day” event this spring, where they have stated exciting news will be announced. The event has continued to be delayed, however.
The following video from the Torque News YouTube channel gives further details and perspective about the CATL development: