NASA Team Publishes New Paper: “Transmutations Observed from Pressure Cycling Palladium Silver Metals with Deuterium Gas”

Thanks to Jonas Matuzas for posting a link to an article published on the Science Direct website on October 2, 2020.

Link:

Title: “Transmutations observed from pressure cycling palladium silver metals with deuterium gas”

Authors: Most of the authors are listed as working at NASA’s Glenn Research Center in Cleveland Ohio, along with some at private companies.

Gustave C.Fralick (NASA) Robert C.Hendricks (NASA) Wayne D.Jennings (HX5,LLC) Theresa L.Benyo (NASA) Frederick W. VanKeuls (HX5,LLC) David L.Ellis (NASA) Bruce M.Steinetz (NASA) Lawrence P. Forsley (JWK Corporation) Carl E. Sandifer II (NASA)

Abstract:

“Hydrogen, deuterium, and helium gases were separately cycled through a Johnson-Matthey purifier containing coiled palladium silver alloy tubing: Pd25Ag (75 wt% Pd and 25 wt% Ag). During the cycling of D2 gas, evidence of anomalous heat production was observed. However, during the cycling of H2 and He, very little (H2) or no (He) unusual heat events were observed. After cycling the D2 gas through the coiled tubing for several months, Pd25Ag samples showed an increase in Cu and Fe compared with the amounts in unexposed Pd25Ag. Chromium, manganese, and zinc were detected in gas-cycled Pd25Ag samples, whereas they were not detected in unexposed Pd25Ag samples. In particular, Zn was present in the gas-cycled Pd25Ag material in larger quantities than either Cr or Mn. Although a small amount of Cu was present in the Pd25Ag coil before the D2 gas cycling, 7 times more was present after the cycling. Multiple material characterization techniques were used to obtain both pre-test and post-test elemental composition. The results indicate that novel post-test elements, primarily on the surface, were created by unknown nuclear mechanisms at low energy.”

The full article is not available for free, but can be purchased through links at the site linked to above.

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Rossi Only Doing Business with Potential Partners who Contact Him

Andrea Rossi gave an interesting response to a question from Gerard McEk this weekend. Gerard asked if it was difficult to convince his partners of the claimed operation of the Ecat SKL.

Rossi’s response:

No, because I accept to work only with potential Partners that contact me, therefore they have already positively biased for an “impossible invention”.

I do not waste time to convince negatively biased or indifferent concerns. I start to engage only with persons that search me and, consequently, do not knock at closed doors.

So if a business wants to get involved early with Rossi and the E-Cat they need to make the first move and reach out to Leonardo Corp. I am sure that Rossi will do some due diligence about potential partners to see if he things they would be a good fit for collaboration. My guess is that they will have to be well established and financially sound in order for Rossi to consider moving forward with them.

At this point, my guess is that the number of suitors will be fairly small, mostly because the E-Cat is a relatively obscure technology, which over the years has received quite a bit of negative attention and has been largely dismissed by the scientific establishment and media as being a hoax or a mistake. It is a technology that is not on most people’s radar at all.

But I do think there will be some in business willing to give Rossi the benefit of the doubt and try and find out if the E-Cat really is something worth pursuing.

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“Physicists Build Circuit That Generates Clean, Limitless Power From Graphene” (University of Arkansas News Release)

The following is a news release from the University of Arkansas, from October 2, 2020. Original source here: https://news.uark.edu/articles/54830/physicists-build-circuit-that-generates-clean-limitless-power-from-graphene

FAYETTEVILLE, Ark. – A team of University of Arkansas physicists has successfully developed a circuit capable of capturing graphene’s thermal motion and converting it into an electrical current.

“An energy-harvesting circuit based on graphene could be incorporated into a chip to provide clean, limitless, low-voltage power for small devices or sensors,” said Paul Thibado, professor of physics and lead researcher in the discovery.

The findings, published in the journal Physical Review E, are proof of a theory the physicists developed at the U of A three years ago that freestanding graphene — a single layer of carbon atoms — ripples and buckles in a way that holds promise for energy harvesting.

The idea of harvesting energy from graphene is controversial because it refutes physicist Richard Feynman’s well-known assertion that the thermal motion of atoms, known as Brownian motion, cannot do work. Thibado’s team found that at room temperature the thermal motion of graphene does in fact induce an alternating current (AC) in a circuit, an achievement thought to be impossible.

In the 1950s, physicist Léon Brillouin published a landmark paper refuting the idea that adding a single diode, a one-way electrical gate, to a circuit is the solution to harvesting energy from Brownian motion. Knowing this, Thibado’s group built their circuit with two diodes for converting AC into a direct current (DC). With the diodes in opposition allowing the current to flow both ways, they provide separate paths through the circuit, producing a pulsing DC current that performs work on a load resistor.

Additionally, they discovered that their design increased the amount of power delivered. “We also found that the on-off, switch-like behavior of the diodes actually amplifies the power delivered, rather than reducing it, as previously thought,” said Thibado. “The rate of change in resistance provided by the diodes adds an extra factor to the power.”

The team used a relatively new field of physics to prove the diodes increased the circuit’s power. “In proving this power enhancement, we drew from the emergent field of stochastic thermodynamics and extended the nearly century-old, celebrated theory of Nyquist,” said coauthor Pradeep Kumar, associate professor of physics and coauthor.

According to Kumar, the graphene and circuit share a symbiotic relationship. Though the thermal environment is performing work on the load resistor, the graphene and circuit are at the same temperature and heat does not flow between the two.

That’s an important distinction, said Thibado, because a temperature difference between the graphene and circuit, in a circuit producing power, would contradict the second law of thermodynamics. “This means that the second law of thermodynamics is not violated, nor is there any need to argue that ‘Maxwell’s Demon’ is separating hot and cold electrons,” Thibado said.

The team also discovered that the relatively slow motion of graphene induces current in the circuit at low frequencies, which is important from a technological perspective because electronics function more efficiently at lower frequencies.

“People may think that current flowing in a resistor causes it to heat up, but the Brownian current does not. In fact, if no current was flowing, the resistor would cool down,” Thibado explained. “What we did was reroute the current in the circuit and transform it into something useful.”

The team’s next objective is to determine if the DC current can be stored in a capacitor for later use, a goal that requires miniaturizing the circuit and patterning it on a silicon wafer, or chip. If millions of these tiny circuits could be built on a 1-millimeter by 1-millimeter chip, they could serve as a low-power battery replacement.

The University of Arkansas holds several patents pending in the U.S. and international markets on the technology and has licensed it for commercial applications through the university’s Technology Ventures division. Researchers Surendra Singh, University Professor of physics; Hugh Churchill, associate professor of physics; and Jeff Dix, assistant professor of engineering, contributed to the work, which was funded by the Chancellor’s Commercialization Fund supported by the Walton Family Charitable Support Foundation.

About the University of Arkansas: The University of Arkansas provides an internationally competitive education for undergraduate and graduate students in more than 200 academic programs. The university contributes new knowledge, economic development, basic and applied research, and creative activity while also providing service to academic and professional disciplines. The Carnegie Foundation classifies the University of Arkansas among fewer than 3 percent of colleges and universities in America that have the highest level of research activity. U.S. News & World Report ranks the University of Arkansas among its top American public research universities. Founded in 1871, the University of Arkansas comprises 10 colleges and schools and maintains a low student-to-faculty ratio that promotes personal attention and close mentoring.

TOPICS
Research & Innovation
Fulbright College of Arts & Sciences
Department of Physics

CONTACTS
Paul Thibado, professor, physics
Fulbright College of Arts and Sciences
479-575-7932, thibado@uark.edu

David Hinton, acting director
Technology Ventures
479-575-5806, djhinton@uark.edu

Bob Whitby, science writer
University Relations
479-575-4737, whitby@uark.edu

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Brilliant Light Power Reports on Latest 100-hour SunCell Test

Here is a news bulletin and video from Brilliant Light Power regarding their latest testing of the SunCell.

On September 24th, we started a 100-hour duration field trial of our new 250-kW thermal reactor SunCell® having a molten gallium to water heat transfer system to produce boiling water and steam on a continuous basis. In preparation for deploying SunCells to commercial customers to perform field trials in their facilities, we are testing commercial power levels under commercial operating conditions with start-stop, power control, cooling level, reaction condition, and other tests.

Brilliant Light Power states that the energy for the reaction comes from hydrino production which they state is 200 times more energetic than the burning of hydrogen. This particular test has been performed at BLP’s own premises, but they say they will begin to run these tests at customers’ facilities as they begin to commmercialize the SunCell.

Where Will the Electricity Come From to charge Growing Numbers of EVs?

In the fight to de-carbonize the world, governments around the globe are pushing hard to phase out vehicles that use internal combustion engines. For example, in the United Kingdom and France, new gasoline and diesel cars will banned from 2040. Norway has a goal to have every new car electric by 2025. Just this month California governor Gavin Newsom issued an executive order requiring all new cars and passenger trucks sold in California starting in 2035 to be electric.

Along with these kinds of actions is the push to also de-carbonize electricity generation. Of course EVs need to be charged, and the more EVs that are in operation, the greater the capacity required to charge them. The natural question is, can the grid keep up? California is trying to lead the wave in renewable power generation, but its grid has been under pressure lately, due to heatwaves and wildfires, and they have had to introduce brownouts and/or blackouts for periods of time.

There are many advantages to electric vehicles (e.g. no emissions, longer lifespan, low maintenance) , but only if there is sufficient electricity, at a reasonable cost, to charge them.

I see this whole scenario as a perfect market for Andrea Rossi’s E-Cat SKL to enter. I can’t think of a government entity or auto manufacturer who would not be able to see the tremendous advantages to drivers that would come if electricity generation was either on-board vehicles themselves, or a device you keep at home to plug into, independent of the grid. Of course there would be other consequences to deal with (e.g. how to replace revenue from fuel taxes), but if the SKL worked well and reliably it would take emissions from both transportation and electricity genertion out of the equation

Rossi: Third Party Test Scheduled for this Week with Another ‘Partner’

Andrea Rossi commented on the Journal of Nuclear Physics that this weekend there was no third party testing going on, but that another “important” test would be taking place this week in his lab. I asked him whether this would be the third party test by the certifying agency that he said has been scheduled, but he replied, “No, it is with a Partner.”

It sounds to me like he is inviting the various parties with whom he did Skype demonstrations over the last few months to come in and do hands-on testing. Presumably he and they feel it is safe to do so. One cannot help but wonder how many such visits he will now have, how many potential partners are involved, and which industries they might represent.

There could be wisdom in a multi-pronged strategy from a business perspective. Rossi has stated that he does not plan to do exclusive deals. If he can open up his technology to multiple companies and industries at once, assuming the E-Cat SKL is all he has described it to be, there could be a widespread adoption of the technology all at once, making a somewhat level playing field for all involved. This could lead to a kind of ‘goldrush effect’, with no one wanting to be left out of a potential technological revolution.

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New MFMP Video: ‘How to Reliably Make Strange Radiation’

Bob Greenyer of the Martin Fleischmann Memorial Project has created a new video discussing research carried out by Russian scientists who report detecting “unusual radiation” being produced by water that has been magnetized, and then irradiated with a laser. They also investigate what role this kind of radiation might play in biology.

Bob goes on to discuss some of the possible implications of this research and how it might relate to other reported findings; here are some questions he poses in the video description:

– Why does Ryushin Ohmasa’s vibrated water cause fish and eels to grow big so quickly and without diseases?
– Why does corona discharge treated water cause seeds to grow faster and be more resistant to disease?
– Why does Alexander Shishkin’s cavitated water promote healthy plant growth?
– Why does ‘structured’ water promote bacterial life?
– What even is ‘structured’ water?
– could this form the basis of a radically new energy storage system?

All references can be found in the video description on YouTube.

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Rossi: E-Cat to be Certified for Both Industrial and Household Use

There is an interesting Q&A on the Journal of Nuclear Physics today regarding the scope of the certification for the E-Cat SKL testing that Andrea Rossi has said has been scheduled.

Mason asked:

A few days ago, you said that the certification testing has been scheduled. As such, it seems right that the protocols have been agreed to with the certifying agency, otherwise what is the point of scheduling the testing.

Logic says this mean that the purpose and goal of the certification has been defined. If this is so, are you able to share whether the certification is for industrial use, household use, or both?

Andrea Rossi replied:

Andrea Rossi
September 26, 2020 at 6:29 AM
Mason:
Both.
Thank you for your kind wishes,
Warm Regards,
A.R.

In the early days of the E-Cat, Rossi had been focusing only on industrial applications, he said because he believed that the product would pose safety concerns in domestic applications. This was when the E-Cat was designed primarily as a heater.

However the development of the E-Cat SKL seems to have changed all that, since it is now primarily a stand-alone electricity generator. Rossi has stated that there has never been any dangerous radiation been detected from the SKL, so maybe he feels there are not significant safety concerns that would preclude it from being used in homes.

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Upcoming Interview with Dottore Andrea Rossi

Last year E-Cat World member Greg Daigle gave a presentation at Minnebar 14: Minnesota’s Great Tech Get-Together on “LENR: A Primer”.

This year in early October, over six days, a virtual version of the Minnebar15 conference will be convened and Greg has signed up to host an interview between Frank Acland and Andrea Rossi.

Because of the number of sessions offered may exceed the number of spots available for the virtual conference, the conference announced today that they are going to ask those attending to vote for 5-10 of their favorite sessions by selecting “Yes! I am interested in attending “ on the session page.

So that the session and interview with Andrea Rossi does not get bumped, we need those interested in attending to sign up here for a free virtual ticket:

https://www.eventbrite.com/e/minnebar15-registration-89786344373.

Then go to the session “LENR: AN ENERGY PRIMER – FOCUS ON ROSSI’S E-CAT: https://sessions.minnestar.org/sessions/1144 and click the “Yes! I Might Attend.” button.

We have asked for the session to be online at 9am CST on Tuesday, October 13.
The interview will last only 25 minutes, so don’t be late! Hope you can make it!

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First Third Party Test Successful, Certifying Agency Testing Scheduled

Apart from providing information on things he considers confidential, I think Andrea Rossi is quite open about what is going on in the story of the E-Cat, it’s just that he prefers to provide information by answering questions with short answers, rather than coming out and stating what is going on.

We have learned that a third party representing a potential business partner had visited his lab to do hands-on-testing (with their own instruments). According to this Q&A the test went well and has now concluded

Rick 57
September 23, 2020 at 3:54 AM
Dear Andrea,

a few questions, if I can:
– The important test planned last Friday has been successful ?
– Can you tell us a little bit more about it ?
– By when do you expect the tests with your partner will be completed ?

Andrea Rossi
September 23, 2020 at 9:30 AM
Rick 57:
1- yes
2- no
3- with that specific partner the tests have already been completed
We have other to make.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

I followed up with a question about the next round of testing. Rossi has stated that an entity that certifies products will be coming to test the E-Cat SKL, and that the report of this test will be made public at some point.

Frank Acland
September 23, 2020 at 10:13 AM
Dear Andrea,

Has the test with the certifying company been scheduled yet?

Andrea Rossi
September 23, 2020 at 1:19 PM
Frank Acland:
Yes.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

I do trust, based on various experiences with him over the years, that Rossi is giving a true account of events (albeit without much detail). To me this is all good news. If the E-Cat is working well, and outsiders are now getting to see that first-hand, I think that bodes well for the future of this technology, and that in time there will be a public revelation of what has been going on behind closed doors for so long.

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