US Dept of Energy Announces Plans for “Versatile Test Reactor”

The following is a news release from the Office of Nuclear Energy of he US Department of Energy published on August 5, 2019 here.

DOE Announces Preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement to Examine Building a Versatile Test Reactor in the U.S.

WASHINGTON, D.C. – Today in accordance with the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) published a Notice of Intent in the Federal Register announcing that the department will develop an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) to study the impacts of building a Versatile Test Reactor in the U.S. to test future fuels and materials that industry is designing for advanced civilian nuclear power reactors to provide large amounts of carbon-free, economical electricity for the nation’s power grid.

“This testing capability is essential for the United States to modernize its nuclear energy infrastructure and for developing transformational nuclear energy technologies that reduce waste generation and enhance nuclear security,” said U.S. Energy Secretary Rick Perry. “Lack of a domestic reactor with versatile fast-neutron-spectrum testing capability is a significant national strategic risk affecting the ability of DOE to fulfill its mission to advance the energy, environmental, and nuclear security of the United States and promote scientific and technological innovation.”

“DOE needs to develop this capability on an accelerated schedule to avoid further delay in the United States’ ability to develop and deploy advanced nuclear energy technologies,” said U.S. Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy Rita Baranwal. “If this capability is not available to U.S. innovators as soon as possible, the ongoing shift of nuclear technology dominance to other international states such as China and the Russian Federation will accelerate, to the detriment of the U.S. nuclear industrial sector. Beginning the NEPA process at this time will ensure that all environmental factors are considered before the Department makes a final decision to move forward with the project.”

During the first steps of this NEPA process, DOE invites the public to comment now through September 4, 2019 on what the department should include in the scope of the upcoming Draft version of the EIS. Under NEPA, the Draft EIS analysis will be completed during the next several months, published, and the public invited to comment on it for 45 days. DOE will evaluate comments before the EIS is made final. When final, the EIS will be published and made available to the public for 30 days before the department can issue a Record of Decision.

Two locations currently under consideration for the U.S. Versatile Test Reactor are Idaho National Laboratory in eastern Idaho, and Oak Ridge National Laboratory in eastern Tennessee. In addition, the Idaho National Laboratory and the Savannah River Site are two locations under consideration for the fabrication of the fuel needed to run the Versatile Test Reactor.

In addition to gathering written comments, DOE will host two interactive webcast scoping meetings to provide information about the VTR and the NEPA process, and to gather oral and written comments.

The webcast scoping meetings will be held August 27, 2019, 6:00 ET/4:00 MT and August 28, 2019, 8:00 ET/6:00 MT, and will be accessible during those times on the internet August 27 and August 28. To join the webcast scoping meetings by phone, participants can call toll-free in the U.S. at 877-869-3847.

Hungarian LENR Researchers Respond to the Google LENR Group’s Negative Results

The following post has been submitted by Gregory Goble

Interesting paper titled “On Low-Energy Nuclear Reactions” published on arXiv, 21 June 2019, by Péter Kálmán and Tamás Keszthelyi out of Hungary.

They have been involved in LENR research for years. Review their works at LENR-CANR,org. I’ve also included a link to their Research Gate project. There you will find another paper worth reviewing published in Physical Review, May of 2019 titled, “Forbidden Nuclear Reactions”

arXiv Article – On Low-Energy Nuclear Reactions
https://arxiv.org/pdf/1907.05211v1.pdf
P´eter K´alm´an and Tam´as Keszthelyi Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Institute of Physics, Budapest, Hungary

Abstract

Based on our recent theoretical findings (Phys. Rev. C 99, 054620v(2019)) it is shown that proton and deuteron capture reactions of extremely low energy may have accountable rate in the case of all elements of the periodic table. Certain numerical results of rates of
nuclear reactions of two final fragments of extremely low energy are also given. New way of thinking about low-energy nuclear reactions (LENR) phenomena is suggested. Possible explanations for the contradictory observations announced between 1905-1927 and possible
reasons for negative results of ’cold fusion’ experiments published recently by the Google-organized scientific group (https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-019-1256-6) are given.

From page 4

Quote:

Experiments of negative results of Google-organized research group

In [14], three principal directions of research were specified: highly hydrated metals, calorimetry under extreme conditions and low-energy nuclear reactions. (This later terminology was to define a special pulsed deuterium plasma device [22] which was applied to induce
nuclear reactions of low energy.) However, nuclear transmutation [5]-[8], which is the most important phenomenon connected to LENR, was missing. It was shown above that nuclear transmutation is possible for all the elements of the periodic table therefore it is expected that traces of it must be present in all LENR observations. There exist very sensitive methods which are capable to determine small amounts of changes of chemical composition of materials and show the appearance of nuclear transmutation. Thus omission of search for nuclear transmutation is the main fault in the program of [14]. – end quotes

Research Gate Project – Low Energy Nuclear Processes
https://www.researchgate.net/project/low-energy-nuclear-processes
Péter Kálmán and Tamás Keszthelyi

Goal: Low energy nuclear processes that are strongly hindered by Coulomb repulsion between the reacting nuclei, are investigated in solid environment. The hindering effect may be significantly weakened (practically it disappears) if one takes into account the Coulomb
interaction of one of the reacting particles with the surroundings. If the modification of the wave function due to Coulomb interaction with charged constituents of the environment is taken into account applying standard perturbation calculation of quantum mechanics then wave
components of high momentum with small amplitude are mixed to the initial wave of small momentum. To these partial waves of high momentum much higher Coulomb factor can be attached that can drastically increase the cross section. The mechanism (called recoil assistance) opens the door to a great variety of nuclear processes that so far have been thought to have negligible rate at low energies. Low energy nuclear reactions allowed by recoil assistance lead to nuclear transmutations too.

Physical Review article – Forbidden Nuclear Reactions
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/333307315_Forbidden_nuclear_reactionsKálmán, Péter & Keszthelyi, Tamás. (2019).. Physical Review C. 99.
10.1103/PhysRevC.99.054620.

Exothermal nuclear reactions that become forbidden due to Coulomb repulsion in the ɛ→0 limit [limɛ→0σɛ=0] are investigated. [σɛ is the cross section and ɛ is the center of mass
energy.] It is found that any perturbation may mix states with small but finite amplitude to the initial state resulting in finite cross section (and rate) of the originally forbidden nuclear reaction in the ɛ→0 limit. The statement is illustrated by modification of nuclear
reactions due to impurities in a gas mix of atomic state. The change of the wave function of reacting particles in nuclear range due to their Coulomb interaction with impurity is determined using standard time-independent perturbation calculation of quantum mechanics. As an
example, cross section, rate and power densities of impurity-assisted nuclear pd reaction are numerically calculated. With the aid of astrophysical factors cross section and power densities of the impurity-assisted d(d,n)He23, d(d,p)t,d(t,n)He24, He23(d,p)He24, Li36(p,α)He23, Li36(d,α)He24, Li37(p,α)He24, Be49(p,α)Li36,Be49(p,d)Be48,Be49(α,n)C612,B510(p,α)Be47, and B511(p,α)Be48 reactions are also given. The affect of gas mix-wall interaction on the process is considered too.

Rossi: Permanent Self-sustaining E-Cat Producing Heat ‘Very, Very, Close’

Andrea Rossi has mentioned often his work on getting direct electricity production from the E-Cat SK plasma, but according to a new comment on the Journal of Nuclear Physics, he is also continuing to develop the heat-only E-Cat SK, and has an ambitious goal here too.

In response to a question by JPR about self-sustain mode, Ross wrote this:

Andrea Rossi
July 18, 2019 at 9:03 AM
Jean Paul Renoir:
To make the Ecat in permanent self sustaining mode, without external power source, to make heat the probability is high. We are very, very close. Then also a Carnot cycle becomes an ssm system to make electricity.
To make the same producing electricity directly from the plasma in a quantity enough to yield substantial electricity for sale or other uses, much work more has to be done.
The first mode is easier, due to the fact that the Ecat SK has a very low consume of electricity.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

I followed up with some questions about what ‘permanent self-sustain mode’ actually meant:

Frank Acland
July 18, 2019 at 7:32 PM
Dear Andrea,

Interesting that you say a permanently self-sustaining heat-producing E-Cat is very close. Can you help me understand what exactly you mean?

1. Will you need an external power source to start the E-Cat reaction?
2. Will the control system need to be connected to an external power source continuously?
3. Do you need to have access to grid electricity for this?

His responses:

Andrea Rossi
July 18, 2019 at 8:44 PM
Frank Acland:
1- no
2- no
3- no
But be careful: ” very close ” does not mean ” done ” ( so far ).
Warm Regards,
A.R.

I really don’t grasp what such a system would look like. Permanent self-sustain implies that it is always on, and powering itself somehow. Of course it would be a remarkable achievement, but he says it is non done yet, and maybe his description of ‘very close’ is overly optimistic.

Adrian Ashfield Dies

Thanks to Bob Greenyer for sharing the sad news of the death of Adrian Ashfield, a long-time contributor to this site and a friend and supporter of LENR. I was not aware that he had been ill, but Bob shared this about him:

He had been suffering from eyesight loss and so his ability to engage was becoming harder. I enjoyed many email conversations with this intelligent and accomplished man. The first thing he did when reaching out to the MFMP was offer us equipment. He was a good spirit whose positive attitude allowed him to create things others could not do. I feel for his family and friend.

An obituary can be found here:

https://www.legacy.com/obituaries/thedailyjournal/obituary.aspx?n=adrian-ashfield&pid=193147752&fhid=29188

Since we are mostly just computer commenters here, we really don’t know much about each other. People rarely share information about health and other personal issues, so it’s quite a shock to find out they are no longer with us. We each have only so much time to make contributions in this life. Thanks Adrian for yours, and may you continue to do good work in your new location. Condolences to your loved ones

Rice University News: Recycling Waste Heat into Light with Carbon Nanotubes

Thanks to PieEconomics for the following comment and link:

This could be the second most important energy related scientific discovery in our lifetime (the first being LENR):

Squeezing Heat Bandwidth To Become Light, and then Electricity, With 80% Efficiency…

Rice University
Rice device channels heat into light

http://news.rice.edu/2019/07/12/rice-device-channels-heat-into-light/

An Excerpt:

The ever-more-humble carbon nanotube may be just the device to make solar panels – and anything else that loses energy through heat – far more efficient.

Rice University scientists are designing arrays of aligned single-wall carbon nanotubes to channel mid-infrared radiation (aka heat) and greatly raise the efficiency of solar energy systems.

A Rice University simulation shows an array of cavities patterned into a film of aligned carbon nanotubes. When optimized, the film absorbs thermal photons and emits light in a narrow bandwidth that can be recycled as electricity. Illustration by Chloe Doiron

Gururaj Naik and Junichiro Kono of Rice’s Brown School of Engineering introduced their technology in ACS Photonics.

Their invention is a hyperbolic thermal emitter that can absorb intense heat that would otherwise be spewed into the atmosphere, squeeze it into a narrow bandwidth and emit it as light that can be turned into electricity.

The discovery rests on another by Kono’s group in 2016 when it found a simple method to make highly aligned, wafer-scale films of closely packed nanotubes.

Gururaj Naik and Junichiro Kono of Rice’s Brown School of Engineering introduced their technology in ACS Photonics.

Their invention is a hyperbolic thermal emitter that can absorb intense heat that would otherwise be spewed into the atmosphere, squeeze it into a narrow bandwidth and emit it as light that can be turned into electricity.

The discovery rests on another by Kono’s group in 2016 when it found a simple method to make highly aligned, wafer-scale films of closely packed nanotubes

Discussions with Naik, who joined Rice in 2016, led the pair to see if the films could be used to direct “thermal photons.”

“Thermal photons are just photons emitted from a hot body,” Kono said. “If you look at something hot with an infrared camera, you see it glow. The camera is capturing these thermally excited photons.”

Consider the implications…

Energy Department Invests Nearly $50 Million at National Laboratories and Universities to Advance Nuclear Technology (U.S. Dept of Energy News Release)

The following is a news release from the US Department of Energy published June 7th here: https://www.energy.gov/ne/articles/energy-department-invests-nearly-50-million-national-laboratories-and-universities

Energy Department Invests Nearly $50 Million at National Laboratories and Universities to Advance Nuclear Technology 

WASHINGTON, D.C. – The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced $49.3 million in nuclear energy research, facility access, crosscutting technology development, and infrastructure awards for 58 advanced nuclear technology projects in 25 states. The awards fall under DOE’s nuclear energy programs called the Nuclear Energy University Program (NEUP), the Nuclear Science User Facilities (NSUF) program, and crosscutting research projects.

“DOE is looking to the future, and that’s why we are investing in advanced nuclear technologies. Nuclear energy is a critical part of our all-of-the-above energy strategy, and early-stage research can help ensure it will continue to be a clean, reliable, and resilient source of electricity for a long time to come,” said Ed McGinnis, DOE’s Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy.

Nuclear Energy University Program (NEUP)

DOE is awarding more than $28.5 million through its Nuclear Energy University Program (NEUP) to support 40 university-led nuclear energy research and development projects in 23 states. NEUP seeks to maintain U.S. leadership in nuclear research across the country by providing top science and engineering faculty and their students with opportunities to develop innovative technologies and solutions for civil nuclear capabilities.

Additionally, seven university-led projects will receive more than $1.6 million for research reactor and infrastructure improvements providing important safety, performance and student education-related upgrades to a portion of the nation’s 25 university research reactors as well as enhancing university research and training infrastructure.

Crosscutting Research Projects

Five research and development projects led by DOE national laboratories and U.S. universities will receive $4.5 million in funding. Together, they will conduct research to address crosscutting nuclear energy challenges that will help to develop advanced sensors and instrumentation, advanced manufacturing methods, and materials for multiple nuclear reactor plant and fuel applications.

Nuclear Science User Facilities (NSUF)

DOE has selected two university-, one national laboratory- and three industry-led projects that will take advantage of NSUF capabilities to investigate important nuclear fuel and material applications. DOE will support three of these projects with a total of $1.5 million in research funds. All six of these projects will be supported by more than $10 million in facility access costs and expertise for experimental neutron and ion irradiation testing, post-irradiation examination facilities, synchrotron beamline capabilities, and technical assistance for design and analysis of experiments through NSUF. In addition, two of the abovementioned NEUP R&D projects will be supported with $3 million in NSUF access funds.

With this year’s awards, the Office of Nuclear Energy has now awarded more than $678 million to continue American leadership in clean energy innovation and to train the next generation of nuclear engineers and scientists through its university programs since 2009. Visit Energy.gov for information on all of DOE’s efforts to continue American leadership in low-carbon nuclear energy innovation.

Italian Company to Demonstrate ‘Magnetic Motor’

Thanks to Alan Smith for sharing an invitation from an Italian company called D’Ambros that he received to a demonstration of a ‘magnetic motor’ made by HMSB Magnetic Energy Machine Production Consulting CO.

I would like to invite you to the “Proof Of Concept” of our magnetic motor (the Yildiz MM).
The test will be open to attendants. There will also be live streaming.
Test Product: 7,5 kW Magnetic Generator (HMSB 286 – Alfa 01)
Test location: Via Fratelli Cairoli, 62/b – Belluno – Loc. MUSSOI – 32100 – BL – ITALY
Test Date: July 5-6-7, 2019
For better Informations please go to: www.dambros.com

Zephir also sent me this link about the same event:

https://www.dambros.com/hmsb-motor-test-event/

At this link it states that to attend the event you need to pay € 1.222 (including VAT). I think in US/British figures this means 1,222 Euros. People who attend in person apparently will have priority of the purchase of the product, and a “possible” discount on the price of the product. They say that there is no guaranteed production start date yet.

A magnetic motor called the Yildiz motor, invented by Muammar Yildiz, has been around for some years. Here is a video of a demonstration from 2013:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uKCEceWs-Gc

Norman Cook Dies

Thanks to Joseph Fine for sharing this sad news:

“Dr. Norman D. Cook passed away on June 14, 2019 after a long illness.

“See the following article from Infinite Energy Magazine.

http://www.infinite-energy.com/resources/norman-cook.html

“A third edition of his book Models of the Atomic Nucleus will hopefully be released in August.”

Dr Cook was a professor of Computer Science in the Department of Informatics at Kansai University (Osaka, Japan). He had collaborated with Andrea Rossi on some theoretical work connected with LENR and in 2015 the two published a paper together titled “On the Nuclear Mechanisms Underlying the Heat Production by the E-Cat” (https://arxiv.org/abs/1504.01261)

Here is a video of Dr Cook’s presentation at ICCF-21 in June, 2018 titled “The “Renaissance” in Nuclear Physics: Low-Energy Nuclear Reactions and Transmutations”

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yYzrBtU_Bis

“Electron-Behaving Nanoparticles Rock Current Understanding of Matter” (Northwestern University News Release)

Thanks to Stephen for pointing out this news release from Northwestern University (Illinois, USA) which reports on research carried out in the field of nanotechnology.

https://news.northwestern.edu/stories/2019/06/electron-behaving-nanoparticles-rock-current-understanding-of-matter/

Here’s an excerpt:

It’s not an electron. But it sure does act like one.

Northwestern University researchers have made a strange and startling discovery that nanoparticles engineered with DNA in colloidal crystals — when extremely small — behave just like electrons. Not only has this finding upended the current, accepted notion of matter, it also opens the door for new possibilities in materials design.

olvera metallicityMonica Olvera de la Cruz
“We have never seen anything like this before,” said Northwestern’s Monica Olvera de la Cruz, who made the initial observation through computational work. “In our simulations, the particles look just like orbiting electrons.”

With this discovery, the researchers introduced a new term called “metallicity,” which refers to the mobility of electrons in a metal. In colloidal crystals, tiny nanoparticles roam similarly to electrons and act as a glue that holds the material together.

“This is going to get people to think about matter in a new way,” said Northwestern’s Chad Mirkin, who led the experimental work. “It’s going to lead to all sorts of materials that have potentially spectacular properties that have never been observed before. Properties that could lead to a variety of new technologies in the fields of optics, electronics and even catalysis.”

The paper will publish Friday, June 21 in the journal Science.

Document to Help Mizuno LENR Replicators

There have been some comments that have expressed a desire that there be a document available to help people who are thinking about trying to replicate the experiment recently reported in the paper by Mizuno and Rothwell (Increased Excess Heat from Palladium Deposited on Nickel http://lenr-canr.org/acrobat/MizunoTincreasede.pdf)

Here was a comment by Yes today:

“I recommend to create Google Doc with a list of the components and where to buy them in a various countries. And possibly step by step instructions that will be more detailed over time.”

I have created a Google document that can be used for this purpose. Iif anyone would like to contribute to it.

https://docs.google.com/document/d/e/2PACX-1vQBE2iZT6XPJP4EpgHeDY4xYj1OJ5q5vGh55MUi-TLZSm1IQeK-2bzOr5xbTMtJFFJ1RUo5cucq8Meu/pub

If anyone would like to contribute to the document, please send me an email (ecatworld@gmail.com), and I will give you editing privileges. Hopefully people can find this useful and cooperate without making the doc too chaotic!