Paper: Permanent Magnets Double Efficiency of Electrolysis

Max Nozin on the LENR Forum has posted an article from Chemistry World about a research team which has been able to double the efficiency of electrolysis (splitting the H and O in water) using permanent magnets for the purpose of producing hydrogen gas. This could prove to be an important discovery in the efforts to build a ‘hydrogen economy’.

Here is an excerpt from the article:

Water splitting is the most sustainable way of producing hydrogen, and could be the basis of a global economy that no longer runs on fossil fuels. The technology to produce large amounts of hydrogen from water splitting is ready to go, but is still much more expensive than steam methane reforming – a process that generates large amounts of carbon dioxide.

‘Our strategy improves the efficiency of water electrolysers,’ explains José Ramón Galán-Mascarós, from the Institute of Chemical Research of Catalonia in Spain, who led the study. ‘We achieve hydrogen production at low potentials just by approaching a permanent magnet to the anode, which results in immediate energy savings.’ Moreover, the team used catalysts based on earth-abundant metals like nickel and iron, unlike other water splitting efforts that need precious metals. Galán-Mascarós says that in the lab they can increase the efficiency of producing hydrogen using an electrolyser by 100% (see video). In an industrial setting he’d expect efficiency gains to be 30–40%.

According to the article, the reason this method works well is due to spin

 

https://www.chemistryworld.com/news/magnets-that-double-efficiency-of-water-splitting-could-help-usher-in-a-hydrogen-economy/3010618.article

The original research report has been published in Nature at this link (full text behind a paywall)”

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41560-019-0404-4

Help Ruby Carat Go to Italy for ICCF-22

To Frank, and all ECW members,

Many of you will be familiar with Ruby Carat’s blog+ ‘COLD FUSION NOW!’ which she has curated for over 9 years, Always innovative in content and with high production standards it has been a steady beacon of good sense and optimism even in difficult times for the field. The podcasts Ruby has produced (or some of them!) will I am sure form an important part of the field’s oral history.

On Lenr-forum we are asking for donations to cover Ruby Carat’s expenses for a visit to report on this year’s ICCF in Italy. Conference organizers have very kindly agreed to cover her conference/hotel costs, so we are looking at travel costs and pocket money of around $1500US. If members would care to make a donation, no matter how small it would be greatly appreciated. Ruby has spent the last 9 years covering events in the field in a constructive, engaging, and often novel way, mostly at her own expense. The cold fusion graphic novella she is close to getting finished is just the latest example. The donation page is on the Cold Fusion Now! website, and the link is here.

Sponsors – COLD FUSION NOW!

The 22nd International Conference on Condensed Matter Nuclear Science ICCF-22 will meet September 8-13, 2019 in Assisi, Italy at the Hotel and Conference Centre Domus Pacis.

Registration Info and Transportation Options

Thank you – Alan Smith

 

Ultra-Low Superconductivity at Room Temperature Again Reported

Jones Beene on the Vortex-l mailing list has reported about a revised paper by a team of Indian researchers who claim they have been able to achieve superconductivity at room temperatures.

10 months ago scientists Anshu Pandey and Dev Kumar Thapa at the Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru, first reported the achievement, but were met with significant skepticism from fellow scientists who pointed out flaws in their report. Now they have run further experiments, and added more researchers to their team, and report similar results.

Their paper, titled “Coexistence of Diamagnetism and Vanishingly Small Electrical Resistance at Ambient Temperature and Pressure in Nanostructures” has been published on Arxiv.org here: https://arxiv.org/abs/1807.08572v2

A review of the new results has been published at the Indian website The Wire here: https://thewire.in/the-sciences/iisc-room-temperature-superconductor-gold-silver-magnetic-susceptibility Some reviewers of the paper are still finding reasons to be skeptical, but the revised paper is considered an improvement on the first report.

Here is an excerpt:

The significant part of the new paper, posted on May 21 on the arXiv preprint server – as compared to the earlier one in July 2018, which prompted so much controversy and doubt – is that the scientists report they have observed the material’s resistance drop to micro-ohms, which is 100x lower than before. They have also provided a description of protocols used to prepare the gold-silver nanostructured samples and details of the electrical and magnetic measurements. This should allow other research groups to try and reproduce this extraordinary claim of a room-temperature superconductor.

Teflon in the E-Cat

I have no idea what this means, but this is the first time I have heard about this:

Madison Mahrer
May 24, 2019 at 2:55 AM
Dear Dr Rossi,
Are you using also Teflon in the Ecat SK?

Andrea Rossi
May 24, 2019 at 7:02 AM
Madison Mahrer:
Yes.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

Here is a description from Wikipedia about Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), of which Teflon is the best-known brand name:

“PTFE is a fluorocarbon solid, as it is a high molecular weight compound consisting wholly of carbon and fluorine. PTFE is hydrophobic: neither water nor water-containing substances wet PTFE, as fluorocarbons demonstrate mitigated London dispersion forces due to the high electronegativity of fluorine. PTFE has one of the lowest coefficients of friction of any solid.”

“PTFE is used as a non-stick coating for pans and other cookware. It is nonreactive, partly because of the strength of carbon–fluorine bonds, and so it is often used in containers and pipework for reactive and corrosive chemicals. Where used as a lubricant, PTFE reduces friction, wear, and energy consumption of machinery. It is commonly used as a graft material in surgical interventions. It is also frequently employed as coating on catheters; this interferes with the ability of bacteria and other infectious agents to adhere to catheters and cause hospital-acquired infections.”

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polytetrafluoroethylene

Translating Dr. Alexander Parkhomov’s Space. Earth. Human. into English (Bob Greenyer Kickstarter)

Bob Greenyer has launched a Kickstarter fundraising campaign to translate Dr. Alexander Parkhomov’s book “Space. Earth. Human.” into English (it was originally published in Russian)

The Kickstarter page for this project is here:
https://www.kickstarter.com/projects/1138088857/space-earth-human?ref=5ubl8j

From the page:

SPACE. EARTH. HUMAN.
Explores the roots of strange phenomena
Over more than 100 years, starting with Tesla around the time of the discovery of x-rays and the electron, strange unexplained phenomena have been observed by researchers the world over, from enthusiasts to Nobel prize winners.

Dr. Alexander Parkhomov on his discovery
“In 1988, when working with three-dimensional diffraction gratings and detectors, which made it possible to obtain a spatial effect distribution and accumulate information for long periods, I discovered radiation which had a micron-millimeter wavelength and had a very high penetrating power.

It was clear this radiation was not light, radio waves or ultrasound, however, like these radiation types, the wavelength is much longer than the distances between atoms in a substance, i.e. interaction occurs immediately with a huge number of atoms. Substance, for such radiation, is a continuous medium, in which it refracts and from which it surface reflects.

If there are irregularities on the surface smaller than the wavelength, mirror reflection occurs. A concave mirror allows concentration and focussing of the radiation. Even if the reflection coefficient is very small, by using a mirror with a large surface, you can get a large increase in the intensity of the radiation. To understand how this works, consider a plate of clear glass, even though it is transparent, light still reflects from it well.

All this and more is described in detail in parts 2 and 3 of my book.

The first experiments with focusing mirrors were made in 1992.”

Bob has a video on the Kickstarter page which explains the scope of the translation project and gives information about the rewards that are available to people who support this project. He has noted that after only one day, 39% of the funds have been raised.

The Hovering Hummingbird Robot

This is somewhat off-topic, but an interesting development in the field of flying machines. A press release and video from Purdue University showsa flying robot that can behave like a hummingbird, both fly like a bird and hover like an insect. They talk about using such devices in search-and-rescue operations, but also in military and surveillance settings, so as usual this could have both constructive and destructive purposes.

From the press release:

Purdue University researchers have engineered flying robots that behave like hummingbirds, trained by machine learning algorithms based on various techniques the bird uses naturally every day.

This means that after learning from a simulation, the robot “knows” how to move around on its own like a hummingbird would, such as discerning when to perform an escape maneuver.

Artificial intelligence, combined with flexible flapping wings, also allows the robot to teach itself new tricks. Even though the robot can’t see yet, for example, it senses by touching surfaces. Each touch alters an electrical current, which the researchers realized they could track.

“The robot can essentially create a map without seeing its surroundings. This could be helpful in a situation when the robot might be searching for victims in a dark place – and it means one less sensor to add when we do give the robot the ability to see,” said Xinyan Deng, an associate professor of mechanical engineering at Purdue.

New Study: “Dark Matter Exists”

A new article posted on phys.org reports about an new article published in the Astrophysical Journal in which researchers at SISSA (The International School for Advanced Studies, in Trieste, Italy) report research that they consider provides proof that dark matter actually does actually make up 90 per cent of the universe.

https://phys.org/news/2019-04-dark-alternate-explanations.html

A statement from the phys.org article:

“We have studied the relationship between total acceleration and its ordinary component in 106 galaxies, obtaining different results from those that had been previously observed,” explains Paolo Salucci, professor of astrophysics at SISSA and one of the research authors. “This not only demonstrates the inexactness of the empirical relationship previously described but removes doubts on the existence of dark matter in the galaxies. Furthermore, the new relationship found could provide crucial information on the understanding of the nature of this indefinite component.”

The original research article, titled “The Radial Acceleration Relation (RAR): Crucial Cases of Dwarf Disks and Low-surface-brightness Galaxies” by C. Di Paolo, P. Salucci,2, and J. P. Fontaine
is here: https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/1538-4357/aaffd6/meta

Craft Using an Inertial Mass Reduction Device (US Navy Patent)

Thanks to John Oman for the following comment:

I ‘think’ it is very much related where some of the LENR theories are headed.

From the background section: If we can engineer the structure of the local quantum vacuum state, we can engineer the fabric of our reality at the most fundamental level (thus affecting a physical system’s inertial and gravitational properties). This realization would greatly advance the fields of aerospace propulsion and power generation.

https://patents.google.com/patent/US10144532B2/en

Abstract

A craft using an inertial mass reduction device comprises of an inner resonant cavity wall, an outer resonant cavity, and microwave emitters. The electrically charged outer resonant cavity wall and the electrically insulated inner resonant cavity wall form a resonant cavity. The microwave emitters create high frequency electromagnetic waves throughout the resonant cavity causing the resonant cavity to vibrate in an accelerated mode and create a local polarized vacuum outside the outer resonant cavity wall.

The patent has been granted and “may be manufactured and used by or for the Government of the United States of America for governmental purposes without payment of any royalties thereon or therefor.”

Infinity SAV Taking Pre-orders for ‘Magnetic Generators and Centrifugal Boiler’

Thanks to Maya Todorova for pointing out the following link.

https://infinitysav.com/product-category/mg/

The Korean company Infinity SAV is now accepting pre-orders for their magnetic generators and a ‘centrifugal boiler’

10 kW Magnetic generator – 15000 USD
5 kW Magnetic generator – 8000 USD
Centrifugal boiler – 5000 USD

The company has this explanation regarding pre-orders:

“We are glad to announce that we opened our product for preordering.
First of all, YOU DON’T HAVE TO PAY ANYTHING NOW!

“Preordering will not guarantee receiving the product faster, but will predict future demand of our product in a certain area and once distributor in that area is assigned, they will have Exclusive Rights to distribute our products there. So the higher the demand, the faster we will assign a distributor in the area.

“The total number of preorders as well as number of preorders per country will be open for public in our website and will be updated every day. Once a distributor is assigned, we will hand over the list of preorders in their area to them, so they can contact each person and confirm the preorder.”

They provide a list of the total number of pre-orders received to date, so far the number listed is 677, from various regions of the world.

Chinese Patent: “Heat Resource Device Based on Low Energy Nuclear Reaction”

https://www.tib.eu/en/search/id/epa%3ACN109065189/Heat-resource-device-based-on-low-energy-nuclear/

Heat Resource Device Based on Low Energy Nuclear Reaction
https://www.tib.eu/en/search/id/epa%3ACN109065189/Heat-resource-device-based-on-low-energy-nuclear/

The invention relates to the technical field of new energy sources, and discloses a heat resource device based on a low-energy nuclear reaction. The heat resource device based on the low-energy nuclear reaction is characterized in that only a little of external electric energy is consumed to activate nano fuel in a reactor so that the nano fuel release huge heat energy and light energy. The heat resource device based on the low-energy nuclear reaction is mainly formed by a discharging reaction container, a nano fuel assembly, a pressure container, a control system, an excitation system, an air supply system, a voltage stabilizer, a heat exchanger, a coolant circulating pump, and a heat-preserving housing. After the device starts the excitation system, the reactor is immediately operated, the reactor releases the energy in a mode of heat mainly, and output energy is far greater than input energy. Excessive ionization radiation is not generated in the precondition of safely outputting the industrial heat energy. After the excessive heat energy produced by the heat resource device is processed by the heat exchanger, hot water or high-temperature high-pressure water vapor is output to the outside, and can be directly used for industries, such as heating and generating, which need an industrial heat source.

Additional title: 种基于低能核反应的热源设备
Patent number: CN109065189
Application date: 2018-08-08
Patent applicant: WANG ZHE
Patent family: 64678878
Author / Creator: WANG ZHE
Publisher: Europäisches Patentamt
Year of publication: 2018
Type of media: Patent
Type of material: Electronic Resource
Language: Chinese
Classification: IPC: G21C Kernreaktoren, NUCLEAR REACTORS