Randy Booker Responds to Reader Questions about Brilliant Light Power Testing

Thanks to ECW reader Neil Ferguson for posting the following:


Because the report raised several questions in my mind, I e-mailed Professor Booker, asking him if he would answer any of them. He kindly responded, answering a couple that he was allowed to, given IP considerations. My e-mail follows. His response is at the end. [Also posted to reddit/BrilliantLightPower]

——- e-mail to Professor Booker, 1/25/20 ————
Professor Booker,

I along with numerous other observers of BLP activities are naturally very excited by tests whose results you have documented in “Report on the Power Output of Liquid Gallium Suncells at Brilliant Light Power”. (I attach a copy from the BLP website.) There are a couple of points I would ask you to clarify, subject, of course, to any contractual agreements with BLP. With your permission I will convey any responses you are kind enough to give me to groups such as [list of interest groups].

1. The report includes two abstracts that decisively assert remarkable performance of the BLP SunCell. “Brilliant Light Power has discovered a novel power source, the liquid gallium SunCell®, which produces a large excess of heat. These input power and output power numbers have been validated by me and are correct.” Firstly, because of the extraordinary test results, I wish to confirm that the abstract paragraphs in the report appear as written by you.

2. There is very limited information about the composition and quantity of gas fed to the reactor during the tests. “Fuel for the reaction was provided in the form of hydrogen (H2) and oxygen (O2) gas, which were supplied from tanks into an oxyhydrogen torch for optimal mixing. The resultant mixture was then piped into an external heated tube (~90 °C) containing granular platinum (Pt) catalyst supported on alumina to allow for spontaneous reaction into ~1% water vapor in atomic hydrogen that was flowed into the cell.” Can you tell us about what methods were used to measure the mass quantity of gas fed to the reactor and to analyze its composition?

3. Do you happen to have particular theoretical knowledge of the reaction of H2 and O2 involving the platinum catalyst? If so, could you tell us what can be expected to occur in such a reaction?

4. With respect to the input gas 1% water vapor, does that mean the gas was 1% water vapor and 99% hydrogen? Or would that be 99% hydrogen and/or gasses other than water vapor? For example, in previous information released by BLP, the bulk of gas in the reactors is inert (argon, I think.) Unless it touches on proprietary information, can you give us more details about the reactor’s gas fuel mixture?

5. BLP has announced successfully running their reaction for long durations, even extending for hours. The tests you report are short duration, under 5 seconds. The methodology for calorimetry of such relatively short reactions strikes me as rather delicate. Considering the extraordinary performance documented by your report, would you say that it is highly desirable to perform and publish well-calibrated and observed tests of much longer reactions?

I thank you for any feedback you are free to give us on any of the points above.
Neil Ferguson

—– response of Prof. Booker – 1/25/20 —-

Dear Neil,
I can vouch that this report is indeed written by me. The two Executive Summary “abstracts” were also written by me.
The gas flows were measured by gas flow meters. The reaction that takes place is a hydrino reaction, where hydrogen in the presence of HOH and Platinum (which are catalysts for the hydrino reaction) forms a hydrino state of smaller radius than Hydrogen with the release of large amounts of energy. The answers to your other questions involve proprietary information.
Dr. Randy Booker
Professor and Chair
Department of Physics & Astronomy
UNC Asheville
Asheville, NC

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Brilliant Light Power Announce Validation of 300 kW Produced by SunCell, 5 Hour Test Successful

There is a news report on the Brilliant Light Power website that states that a validation of the SunCell has been carried out by Dr. Randy Booker, Physics Chairman, North Carolina State University, Ashville.

The website states that he validated “300 kW and 200 kW of power produced by BrLP’s proprietary hydrino plasma reaction maintained in its SunCell® using water bath and molten metal bath calorimetry, respectively.”

So far the actual validation report has not been published, but it states it will be forthcoming.


In another news bulletin, BrLP states that a five-hour steam production run with the SunCell was successfully carried out, in which steady steam at temperatures of between 350-400 C were achieved. They report that engineering issues with the SunCell are ‘largely resolved’. No detailed report of this test has been published so far, and no COP (ratio of energy in to energy out) was mention. More information is available here:


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Paper: “The Astonishing 63Ni Radioactivity Reduction in Radioactive Wastes by Means of Ultrasounds Application” (Rosada, Cardone and Avino)

Thanks to Curbina for mentioning in a different thread this paper, published on ResearchGate in November 2019, which I had not seen before.

Title: “The astonishing 63Ni radioactivity reduction in radioactive wastes by means of ultrasounds application”

Authors: Alberto Rosada, F. Cardone, Pasquale Avino.




Nowadays, the radioactive wastes production is certainly one of the main issues along with their storage. The most interesting way to treat them would certainly be the radioactivity reduction. In this paper we show that the ⁶³Ni radioactivity reduction by ultrasounds is not a violation of the exponential decay law but can be explained by the Deformed Space–Time theory. The cavitation procedure under the DST conditions achieves a radioactivity decrease around 14% in 200 s. Comparing these results with the theoretical ones obtained by the decay law, we earn more than 20 years in the ⁶³Ni radioactivity decrease. For confirming the data, ICP-MS measurements were performed on cavitated and no-cavitated samples: once again, the 14%-difference (with CV 5%) was obtained from the analyses of both samples. Even if the data are not definitive, the new idea is that a radioactive substance can be “normalized” by its transformation into a normal stable one without radiation emission overcoming the traditional approaches (dilution, inertization, radioactive transmutation with fast neutron irradiation) and avoiding the use of large deposits or big reactors. Our results may be considered as starting point to pave the way to new methods to treat useless harmful radioactive substances from nuclear or medicine industry.

Here is Curbina’s comment on the paper:

“As the reality of radioactive waste remediation by means of cavitation or HHO treatment is taking long to be accepted, I think increasing awareness of this technological solution to the biggest issue with conventional fission is something we should all embrace as a primary task. Mainstream Acceptance of this should also pave the way to widespread acceptance of LENR as a reality.”

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How to Power the 2020s?

As we step into the 2020s there is a lot of discussion in the media about the decade that has just passed, and what we might be looking forward to in this new decade in terms of technological development.

There are some general themes that keep cropping up as people make forecasts about which technologies will be increasingly incorporated into daily life. Here are a few that I have noticed seem to keep cropping up:

– Increased use of artificial intelligence in all aspects of life

– Increased use of networked surveillance technologies for governmental purposes

– Increased use of robotics in the workplace and in military/law enforcement settings

– Increased use of electric vehicles

– Increased use of virtual reality

– Introduction of new types of flying vehicles such as sky taxis

All of the above developments will require energy to make them possible, and as we know, energy is a hot-button issue internationally as more and more emphasis is placed on the impact of energy on the climate. How will this energy-hungry future be powered, and what will be that impact on the environment?

There is a lot of discussion and often a lot of consternation about how we power the present and future technologies that are becoming so interwove into our lives in an environmentally friendly way. But there is not really a consensus on how it will be done. There are lots of competing interests around the world with many energy-rich countries and energy companies trying to maintain their economic and political advantage.

Renewable sources (and sometimes nuclear) are favored by many because they are carbon emission-free, but they each have their own drawbacks in terms of cost and efficiency compared to traditional fossil fuels.

So the problem of how to power the future that is in some ways already upon us, is not resolved — unless a game-changing clean technology that is obviously cheaper and more convenient comes on the scene. Many of us are holding out hope that the E-Cat and/or other similar tech will come available in this decade, and it will be interesting to see what happens.

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E-Cat Demand Could Rise to 3000GWe/year as the SKL Electrifies Everything (Aljobo)

The following post has been submitted by ECW reader aljobo 

Details about the E-cat SKL have emerged that allow us to build a better picture. With some added assumptions it would be interesting to look at all applications for the device and the likely final market size. Before the official unveiling of the SKL this may be getting ahead of ourselves and all predictions are at best highly approximate but it is nevertheless useful to get a sense of magnitudes and how a transition could play out.

The E-cat SKL is a 10cm x 10cm x 10 cm, i.e. 1l device of unknown weight, without the control unit. Some comments seem to suggest that the output of the device is in the 1-3kW range. 70% of output is electric. With this information let’s assume that each 1l cube outputs 2kW total energy or 1.4kW electric.

Weight information is missing but a first guess could be the density of a laptop, another device with metal casing, some dense components (metals 7-9 kg/l) and some empty space. The latest Macbook is approximately 1.4kg/l, i.e. just a little denser than water (it will sink) so for simplicity let’s assume 1.4kg/l or 1kW/kg.

This does not include any cooling or control units. For simplicity let’s assume that we need to add 50% for cooling and controls in both weight and size. This easily fits all mobile applications, including airplanes.

Let’s look at the end markets. They break down into static and mobile.

Static markets are easiest to transform. Central electricity generation capacity is 7TWe globally. A 10 year transition would result in 700GWe annual demand. Decentralized electricity generation in homes and businesses will happen but only towards the end of that transition when prices are lower and no engineers are needed to supervise.

For heat (industrial and space heating) looking at the US energy balance rejected heat accounts for almost 2/3 of the total energy production. With decentralized installation of E-cats that waste heat could be put to far more use, at the same time we’re only looking at 30% waste heat from the E-cat SKL. Even so, there will be significant extra demand for heating, perhaps less annual production than electricity but more concentrated in time (in cold seasons) so for simplicity let’s assume global electric capacity at 7TWe again. Some may be in the form of highly efficient heat pumps so that could reduce demand. Air conditioning is electric so doesn’t come into this equation, evaporative a/c is quite a lot more expensive and not worth it if electricity is cheap. To transition this, let’s assume 10 years as well for another 700GWe annual demand.

Moving on to mobile applications, the first to transition could actually be marine. Engines are already diesel/electric so the combustion engine doesn’t drive the ship but a generator instead. The global fleet is 2bn dead weight tons and a reasonable estimate of the required power is 0.15kW/dwt, yielding 300GW of installed power. As combustion is only 50% efficient we need only 150GWe to electrify global shipping, over 5 years this is 30Gwe. I’m assuming a faster transition as there’s much greater urgency here to get costs down, increase ship speed at no extra cost and comply with tough emission standards.

Next, cars are in the middle of two transitions. First, electrification and second, autonomy. For more detail on robo-taxis see rethinkx’ study but given a $0.20/mile plausible cost in the long term private ownership will disappear fast. Currently 100m cars are sold per year and many studies predict that 1 (robo-)taxi will replace 5 cars, cutting the new car demand to 20m – existing ICE cars will still run for the rest of their average 15 year life but will not be replaced. The robotaxi roll-out will be even easier as no charging infrastructure would be necessary and operations could run 24/7. Using a Tesla Model 3 as the the state-of-the-art example we can see that the car consumes roughly 40kW at 80mph. This is the lower bound for continuous power which needs to be provided by the E-cat units. These units amount to 10s of kg and liters and would replace most batteries that are in the hundreds of kg and liters. To provide peak power of 100kW+ we still need some batteries (and potentially supercapacitors for “ludicrous” human-driven luxury versions). Given that the battery packs are much smaller now (5-10kWh) these need to provide more cycles and higher C rates of 10 or more when compared to 50-100kWh designs. A positive side effect would be that this would enable a switch away from cobalt to less dense but more performant, longer-lasting and cheaper LTO or LFP chemistries – battery raw material constraints always made full electrification doubtful, with only a fraction needed for each car and no Cobalt this issue disappears. 20m cars/year * 40kW = 800GWe.

Moving on to trucks we don’t have good data on electrification yet but comparing mileage between large trucks and current ICE cars we see a 4-5x drop. Applying this to 3m trucks sold per year and adjusting the blend to include medium size trucks we get 150kW * 3m units or 600GWe.

Diesel trains are not a large feature in the energy balance outside the US (where they transport 40% of tonnage) so the likely requirement there is in the 10s of GWe, let’s add 20GWe here.

Finally, airplanes are the toughest to transition. According to a 2017 NASA study a 300 seat plane requires around 60MW of electric power. There is some concern about weight but research indicates that 10kW/kg is a medium term minimum so the turbines would only weigh in at 6t, compared to a max take-off weight of over 200t for a Boeing 787. More research into large MW sized turbines, not just small propellers is urgently needed as safety testing must be extremely rigorous. Currently this is not happening fast enough as batteries are seen as the only electrification route and have nowhere near the capacity to power large planes. Reliability of the SKL units would also have to be proven over many years, though the fact that tens of thousands of units generate power independently should enhance safety greatly (chance of power<90% for 50000 units at 99% reliability is very small) – note the word independent though, any run-away reaction affecting neighboring units could be catastrophic. Airbus and Boeing are currently not working on any major new designs, waiting instead to see how electrification is playing out (hence the lazy 737MAX upgrade that proved fatal). E-cats to power 60MW engines would fit space and weight-wise into an existing 787 frame (90t or less weight with cooling is less than fuel capacity). A 10+ year design timeline is common, so any new planes would only show up in the mid-2030s at the earliest. Demand in 2040 is forecast to be around 3200 planes/year, assuming an average 200 seat configuration at 40MW demand could be at 128GWe.

As an aside, there is still a large fossil fuel base of planes, cars and trucks continuing to operate for 1-2 further decades. Synfuels based on carbon could potentially be very competitive at electricity prices of 0.01c/kW. There is no reason to switch to NH3 or hydrogen as we’re just looking to extend the lives of the existing fleet a bit. YCombinator backed start-up Prometheus is indicating a possible price of $3/gal for gasoline, which could drop a bit further with lower electricity costs and could undercut drilled oil (outside the Middle East). If the technology is proven to work, applying this to total remaining fuel /petrochemical demand this could add many GWe in demand.

Putting this all together we get roughly roughly 3000GWe of demand for E-Cat SKLs. At 1.4kWe per device this would mean 2.1bn devices/year. For an order of magnitude this is in the range of global cell phone production. Contract manufacturing should be scalable within a few years to rise to this challenge.

Checking on any potential commodity constraints, 2.3m tons of Nickel are mined every year. If 10% were allocated to E-cat production 230000 tons / 2.1bn devices would yield around 100g/device. The true number is likely to be far less so there should not be a problem. The only caveat would be that if it needed to be enriched and reliant on specific isotopes this would become less viable, I seem to remember though that this was no longer necessary in the latest versions.

Prices for prototype E-cats have previously been set at $1000-$1500/kW. While this early pricing would already be attractive to utilities, marine and trucking applications where utilisation is high, mass production and economies of scale have almost always resulted in cost improvements of 10x or more. Similar to cell phones, contract manufacturers could be the low value-added end of the process, with a licence fee paid for the control software owned by the owner of the E-cat patents. $10-$20 per unit (or less for an annual subscription including recharge) could open up a pure profit stream comparable in size to annual Windows sales (I’m aware this is not agenda now but could be in future). It would also allow for different prices to be charged according to application and to the development level of the country where it is used, a potentially large benefit to poor countries.

At $100/kWe the total expense for 3000GWe would amount to just $300bn/year, a small fraction of the estimated $6+tn/almost 10% of world GDP currently allocated to energy.

With this scale of production we could transition almost all energy production to this new device within 10+ years, with some laggards in transportation. If we start in the mid-2020s we could be largely done by 2040. Thanks to superior economics of this dense, always available, portable energy source the environmental and health benefits of this revolution will be just a very welcome by-product rather than a difficult trade-off with terrible politics. Meanwhile the whole world will enjoy much more widely available and far cheaper energy.

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Video: How the Electric Universe Model Can Help LENR Overcome Problems (Edwin Kaal)

Thanks to Jas for pointing out a video published last month by Electric Universe UK in which Edwin Kaal, gives as a talk titled ‘The Structured Atom Model and Transmutations’.

Of particular interest to me is a section of the talk in which he discusses LENR in a slide titled ‘
Issues in LENR preventing a breakthrough’. He lists three issues that have been problematic to LENR researchers:

– Lack of controllability – control of the electrodes proves difficult
– Repeatability is not always assured
– No theoretical model – reactions are not understood

The original experiment by Pons an Fleischmann (1989) has been recreated by Melvin Miles (1991) in such a way that it is. or should be indisputable. Excess Heat and He4 production from D2 is precisely correlated.

The LENR community is in need of new physics. An accurate model for the atom that explains these reactions, which have shown to be true, and it has been proved that these transmutations are occurring. Excess energy, heat is proven. The reliability of these results is poor, and therefore real life application are not really forthcoming, let alone investments.

He states there is no hard radiation in LENR, yet nuclear reactions are happening — how can that be? He says he believes that the reason is that the inner electron does not change.

He says that the electric aspects are not well understood in LENR, and that the Electric Universe model can shed light on LENR pheonomena

Eric Kaas argues for a structured/static model for the nucleus which he says is seen in traditional physics as a ‘heresy’ and refers to how Norman Cook pointed out that the European Physical Society have accepted that the nucleus might actually be structured.

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Video: Expanding Blue Ring (CAN)

Thanks to Bob Greenyer for bringing attention to a video by CAN, an active experimenter. This is a very short video which shows an interesting effect. On the YouTube description he writes:

An interesting effect can be triggered by collecting a ball of electrolyte on the anode and striking it on the jar wall, which is weakly electrically connected to the cathode. A ring with a deep blue-violet color slowly expands from the strike point.

K2CO3 electrolyte concentration was about 0.4M. 600V across both electrodes; the jar is not completely insulated from ground.

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UFOlogy No Longer Taboo Subject?

It seems that there’s an increase in discussion of UFO-related subjects in mainstream media outlets these days. For many years it is a subject that has been dismissed, ignored and often ridiculed by the mainstream, and thus has been confined to a fringe status where people who take the subject seriously make up a somewhat isolated community which is safely ignored by most.

But there seems to have been change in the status of Ufology since the New York Times reported in December 2017 that the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) had operated and funded a program a program for investigating UFOs, and they published videos of US military pilots encountering UFOs.

Yesterday the New York Post published an article (https://nypost.com/2019/12/14/2019-was-banner-year-for-credible-ufo-sightings/) about the new interest in UFOs titled “2019 was banner year for credible UFO sightings” which reports about notable news reports in the field from this year, along with some dramatic UFO encounters reported by civilians.

Along with the article, the New York Post published a video which is the first in a series of programs called ‘The Basement Office’ in which journalist Steven Greenstreet takes a detailed look at UFO phenomena and interviews former UK Ministry Defence official Nick Pope who ran the UK’s UFO program.
Pope states in this interview:

“The consequences, if any of this is true, if just one case true, are so huge that it would be the biggest revelation in the human experience. We would have to rethink everything we think we know about ourselves, our place in the cosmos, and it is scary”

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Paper: “Lattice Dilation of Plasma Sprayed Nickel Film Quantified by High Resolution Terahertz Imaging” (Rahman, Tanzella, Rahman, Page and Godes)

Thanks to LION for posting a link to this article by Anis Rahman, Francis Tanzella, Aunik K Rahman, Carl Page and Robert Godes, titled “Lattice Dilation of Plasma Sprayed Nickel Film Quantified by High Resolution Terahertz Imaging”.

From the Conclusion section:

A model has been proposed for explaining the increased heat energy generation from IPB-HHT experiment with the LENR tube cells. Here the fluid-like nickel lattice at higher temperatures, and under the influence of an RF electric field, is assumed to undergo a space-time crystal like non-equilibrium effect; and thus, producing increased energy via a non-radiative transition process. An in-situ monitoring of the IPB-HHT experiment has been proposed to determine the correlation between the excess energy generation period and the observed lattice dilation.