LENR at NASA: New Patent Application for “Methods and Apparatus for Enhanced Nuclear Reactions”

Here is more evidence that NASA is taking LENR/cold fusion seriously now. A new patent application from Pinesci Consulting and NASA’s Glenn Research Center for “Methods and Apparatus for Enhanced Nuclear Reactions” has been published by the World Intellectual Property Organization.

The date of publication is September 14, 2017.

Abstract:

“Nuclear fusion processes with advanced rates may be realized by providing energetic electrons in an environment containing a suitable fuel gas, a liquid fuel source, a solid fuel source, a plasma fuel source, or any combination thereof. The fuel source may be deuterium, tritium, a combination thereof, or any fuel source capable of creating deeply screened and/or neutral nuclei when exposed to energetic electrons. Under proper conditions, at least some of the deeply screened and/or neutral nuclei fuse with other nuclei. Neutral versions of duteron and/or triton nuclei may be created by bringing neutrons with certain energy levels (e.g. around 3 MeV, but optionally less or much less than 3 MeV) into interaction with other neutrons, forming neutral versions of deuterons and/or tritons. Such processes may be used for power generation, heat production, nuclear waste remediation, material creation, and/or medical isotope production, for example.”

The full text can be read as a PDF here: http://e-catworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/2017.09.14-Published-Application-1663.0002PCT3.pdf

”2017.09.14
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NASA Report: “Experimental Observations of Nuclear Activity in Deuterated Materials Subjected to a Low-Energy Photon Beam”

Thanks to the readers who commented about a NASA paper that has been posted on the LENR Forum here titled “Experimental Observations of Nuclear Activity in Deuterated Materials Subjected to a Low-Energy Photon Beam”.

The paper has also been published on Arxiv.org here. Here is the abstract:

Exposure of highly deuterated materials to a low-energy (nom. 2 MeV) photon beam resulted in nuclear activity of both the parent metals of hafnium and erbium and a witness material (molybdenum) mixed with the reactants. Gamma spectral analysis of all deuterated materials, ErD2.8-C36D74-Mo and HfD2-C36D74-Mo, showed that nuclear processes had occurred as shown by unique gamma signatures. For the deuterated erbium specimens, posttest gamma spectra showed evidence of radioisotopes of erbium (163Er and 171Er) and of molybdenum (99Mo and 101Mo) and by beta decay, technetium (99mTc and 101Tc). For the deuterated hafnium specimens, posttest gamma spectra showed evidence of radioisotopes of hafnium (180mHf and 181Hf) and molybdenum (99Mo and 101Mo), and by beta decay, technetium (99mTc and 101Tc). In contrast, when either the hydrogenated or non-gas-loaded erbium or hafnium materials were exposed to the gamma flux, the gamma spectra revealed no new isotopes. Neutron activation materials showed evidence of thermal and epithermal neutrons. CR-39 solid-state nuclear track detectors showed evidence of fast neutrons with energies between 1.4 and 2.5 MeV and several instances of triple tracks, indicating greater than 10 MeV neutrons. Further study is required to determine the mechanism causing the nuclear activity.

There are multiple authors listed, some of whom are from NASA agencies, others from private industry and other universities and organziations. What they report does not seem dissimilar to some other reports we have seen over the years — Gerard McEk mentioned that Holmlid is getting similar results using lasers instead of photon beams.

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New Industrial Heat Patent: “Methods and Apparatus for Triggering Exothermic Reactions”

Thanks to Alan Smith for letting me know about a new patent application that has been recently published by the World Intellectual Property Organization by IH IP Holdings, which is connected with Industrial Heat, LLC for “Methods and apparatus for triggering exothermic reactions”

Inventors listed are Dennis G. Letts, Joseph A. Murray, Julie A. Morris and Tushar Tank

https://www.google.com/patents/WO2017127423A2?cl=en

Here’s the abstract:

“Methods and apparatus are disclosed for triggering and maintaining an exothermic reaction in a reaction material comprising a metal occluded with hydrogen. The reaction material is prepared by loading a hydrogen absorbing material, e.g., a transition metal, with a hydrogen gas that comprises one or more of hydrogen isotopes. Different conditions and system configurations for triggering the exothermic reaction are also disclosed.”

From the Summary:

“In some embodiments, a device comprising a metal container and an electrode is used for triggering an exothermic reaction. The metal container is plated with a hydrogen absorbing material. The metal container has one or more open ends. The electrode is received through a first open end into the metal container. The metal container is filled with a pressurized hydrogen gas. To trigger an exothermic reaction, a voltage between the metal container and the electrode is applied. In some embodiments, the magnetic field may be optionally applied. The strength of the magnetic field is set above a pre- determined threshold. For example, the strength of the magnetic field may be between 500 and 700 Gauss. In some embodiments, the voltage applied between the metal container and the electrode is selected to be dependent on a dimension of the metal container. For example, the voltage may be dependent on the distance between the metal container and the electrode. In one embodiment, the hydrogen absorbing material plated on the interior wall of the metal container comprises nickel, palladium or other metals or metal alloys capable of forming a hydride or deuteride. In one embodiment, a layer of gold is plated underneath the hydrogen absorbing material. In another embodiment, a layer of silver or other metals that do not dissociate hydrogen or deuterium is plated underneath the hydrogen absorbing material.”

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New Paper: “Evidence of Nuclear Fusion Neutrons in an Extremely Small Plasma Focus Device Operating at 0.1 Joules” (‘Strong Evidence . . . Beyond What was Expected’)

Thanks to Michelangelo de Meo for posting a link on the Journal of Nuclear Physics to a new paper published in the Physics of Plasma journal titled “Evidence of nuclear fusion neutrons in an extremely small plasma focus device operating at 0.1 Joules”. Authors are Leopoldo Soto, Cristián Pavéz José, Moreno, Luis Altamirano, Luis Huerta, Mario Barbaglia, Alejandro Clausse, and Roberto E. Mayer, from Chile and Argentina.

Link: http://aip.scitation.org/doi/full/10.1063/1.4989845

Here’s the abstract:

We report on D-D fusion neutron emission in a plasma device with an energy input of only 0.1 J, within a range where fusion events have been considered very improbable. The results presented here are the consequence of scaling rules we have derived, thus being the key point to assure the same energy density plasma in smaller devices than in large machines. The Nanofocus (NF)—our device—was designed and constructed at the P4 Lab of the Chilean Nuclear Energy Commission. Two sets of independent measurements, with different instrumentation, were made at two laboratories, in Chile and Argentina. The neutron events observed are 20σ greater than the background. The NF plasma is produced from a pulsed electrical discharge using a submillimetric anode, in a deuterium atmosphere, showing empirically that it is, in fact, possible to heat and compress the plasma. The strong evidence presented here stretches the limits beyond what was expected. A thorough understanding of this could possibly tell us where the theoretical limits actually lie, beyond conjectures. Notwithstanding, a window is thus open for low cost endeavours for basic fusion research. In addition, the development of small, portable, safe nonradioactive neutron sources becomes a feasible issue.” (Emphasis added)

 

Here’s an image from the paper with the explanation:

plasmadevice

“(a) A sketch of the NF discharge device. The driven capacitor (5 nF) is composed of two parallel plates (lower plate: anode; upper plate: cathode). A 0.42 mm diameter copper cylinder is covered with quartz, attached to the centre of the anode plate, and passes through a small hole in the cathode centre. Plasma is formed between the top of the anode and the cathode base. (b) The NF chamber (pointed in the photograph). (c) A time-integrated photograph of the discharge. Note the bright spot on the anode top.”

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New Brilliant Light Power Patent for “Thermophotovoltaic Electrical Power Generator”

A new Brilliant Light Power international patent application for a “Thermophotovoltaic Electrical Power Generator” has been published by the World Intellectual Property Organzation.

As usual for BLP, this is a very long document (345 pages); here is the abstract:

A molten metal fuel to plasma to electricity power source that provides at least one of electrical and thermal power comprising (i) at least one reaction cell for the catalysis of atomic hydrogen to form hydrinos, (ii) a chemical fuel mixture comprising at least two components chosen from: a source of H2O catalyst or H2O catalyst; a source of atomic hydrogen or atomic hydrogen; reactants to form the source of H2O catalyst or H2O catalyst and a source of atomic hydrogen or atomic hydrogen; and a molten metal to cause the fuel to be highly conductive, (iii) a fuel injection system comprising an electromagnetic pump, (iv) at least one set of electrodes that confine the fuel and an electrical power source that provides repetitive short bursts of low-voltage, high-current electrical energy to initiate rapid kinetics of the hydrino reaction and an energy gain due to forming hydrinos to form a brilliant-light emitting plasma, (v) a product recovery system such as at least one of an electrode electromagnetic pump recovery system and a gravity recovery system, (vi) a source of H2O vapor supplied to the plasma and (vii) a power converter capable of converting the high-power light output of the cell into electricity such as a concentrated solar power thermophotovoltaic device and a visible and infrared transparent window or a plurality of ultraviolet (UV) photovoltaic cells or a plurality of photoelectric cells, and a UV window.

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/docservicepdf_pct/id00000038735552/PAMPH/WO2017127447.pdf

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Lava Flow LENR in Nature? (P. Oeoht)

The following comment was posted by P. Oeoht in the Edmund Storms video thread, and I thought it raised an interesting point. It was made in response to a comment by f sedei who was wondering what Ed Storms might consider LENR occuring in nature.

Consider volcanic lava flowing along a slope on the surface of the ground for day after day, at about 1 metre per minute, without a source of heat to keep it molten.

Now consider a ton of molten aluminium applied to an identical slope, also without a source of heat. How long would the Al remain molten? One minute, perhaps!

One of the standard volcanic temperature anomalies is seen when the temperature of the lava at the mouth of the volcano is found to be significantly LOWER than that up to 100 metres down the lava stream.

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LENR Initiation in the E-Cat QX (GiveADogABone)

The following post has been submitted by GiveaDogaBone

Q: What is it I now believe we know that Sternglass[1:] did not know in 1951?

A: The anode DC current has to be fixed at the bias level that allows NDR(negative differential resistance) to operate. NDR operation requires the anode plasma fireball[2:] to be extent. Once the AC current, light and RF emissions are oscillating due to the pulsating fireball, progress will be made.

Sternglass’s neutrons (without Lithium6 neutron induced fission) seed the LENR reaction in Rossi’s QX. The neutron flux then has to rise to provide net 20W of Li6 fission. At that point basic fission reactor neutron flux control theory takes over; the most important things being negative coefficients of reactivity in respect of temperature and neutron flux density.

[1:] “Synthesis of Neutrons from Hydrogen: The Conclusive Proof of LENR” by Max Formitchev-Zamilof https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Max_Fomitchev-Zamilov/publication/288002944_Synthesis_of_Neutrons_from_Hydrogen_The_Conclusive_Proof_of_LENR/links/567d5bad08ae1e63f1e5fff2/Synthesis-of-Neutrons-from-Hydrogen-The-Conclusive-Proof-of-LENR.pdf

Sternglass discovered that he could synthesize neutrons via 20-35kV arcs in hydrogen-filled X-ray tubes

Ithaca, N.Y. August 26th, 1951 518 Dryden Rd.

Dear Professor Einstein,

You may be interested to learn that in the course of the past two months I have been able to obtain experimental evidence for the formation of neutrons from protons and electrons in a high-voltage hydrogen discharge.

The experiments were carried out with a demountable gas X-ray tube capable of dissipating 1,200 watts filled with hydrogen and surrounded by about 6 inches of paraffin on all sides. Voltages up to 35 kV and currents up to 40 mA were used and silver and indium foils were placed near the tube walls. The neutron induced beta-activities were measured with a thin-walled aluminum Geiger-Muller counter in a lead housing of about 3-4” thickness giving a background count of 15 counts per minute. The initial activities in indium and silver were found to be 6- 7 counts above background, decaying with the respective mean lives of 2.4 min for Ag and 54 min. for In. Having a standard neutron source, this arrangement could be calibrated roughly so that the rate of neutron formation can be determined to be on the order of 10-20 neutrons/sec at 38 mA and 25 kV and an estimated pressure of 10-2 mm of mercury in the discharge.

I remain sincerely yours,

Ernest J. Sternglass

Fig. 3. Sternglass’ X-ray tube used in the neutron synthesis experiment

[2:]http://www.physics.ucla.edu/plasma-exp/research/Fireballs/index.html

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Brilliant Light Power Update

Thanks to Doug Marker for the following post.

The below is some long awaited and anticipated news as to what Brilliant Light Power have been doing. It was in May 2017 that we last got an offcial update from them.

I won’t offer any detailed commentary on the below material other than to say that they appear to be slowly moving forward.  Am confident everyone can read out of it what they want.

Doug Marker – Aug 10 2017

https://brilliantlightpower.com/wp-content/uploads/presentations/August-2017-Briefing-Presentation.pdf

***************************************************

BLP Business Update – August 2017

Pages 1-3 are an introduction & safe harbor statement.
Page one indicates parts of the below are redacted.

SLIDE A (Pg 4)
=======

SunCell Heat System Design Commencing

BrLP has engaged TMI Climate Solutions to develop system concepts and solutions for thermal applications
with SunCell Light (power) source.

• Assignment is for two designs:
– 500 kW thermal radiant boiler for a 3000K blackbody radiator
– 500 kW thermal radiant boiler for a blackbody radiator at a temperature
that is optimal for commercialization using existing optimal systems

• TMI Climate Solutions provides an experienced development partner
– Parent firm MiTek, a Berkshire-Hathaway company, with revenues estimated at $1.6B (St Louis Business Journal Apr 27, 2017)
– TMI provide manufactures  and delivers the best custom solutions available today for worldwide applications

www.tmiclimatesolutions.com

SLIDE B (Pg 5)
=======

PV Development Progress

• Path forward based on systems analysis:
– Si technologies are best choice; widely available
– Si-ideal band gap of 0.84 eV at the ideal opening temperature for cooling of 130°C (Cooling technology readily exists)
– Si paradoxically becomes more efficient at higher temperatures, due to collecting more of the 3000 K blackbody radiator light
– Larger radius PV shell reduces system to 300-500 Suns
– Larger radius PV shell reduces cost; 10X more cells are required, but lower cost of cSi cells, overall systems cost reduced along with development risk
– Light recycling leads to higher efficiency

• Efficiency estimates are well within business plan ranges for SunCell
– 1J silicon solar cells operating at elevated temperatures can achieve over 20% efficiency
– Light recycling estimates 40-50% efficiency feasible
– Reduced cooling system complexity
– Cost feasible at $60 / kW in production volume

SLIDE C (Pg 6)
=======

PV Development Progress

• Multiple vendor proposals in development
• System design now enables robust, commercially available PV

Si PV Cell Company:
Working on Si PV  cell company contract for cSi. 18 years of CPV field experience

FFC 1:
Fortune 500 Company (FFC1), working on contract for III-V 3J
cells on InP substrate.

Microchannel Company:
off-the-shelf PV cooling system (DRA in house).  Working on contract through FFC1 and FFC2.

SLIDES D, E & F (Pgs 7-9)
===============
(These 3 slides go into more detail about the above 3 companies work on PV)

SLIDE G (Pg 10)
=======

SunCell Next Generation Breakthrough Potential
• Direct power extraction (DPE), emerging technology to directly convert
thermal & kinetic power to electrical power

SLIDE H (Pg 11)
=======

VALIDATION

•Gold standard method of measuring power and energy balance of single hydrino fuel pellet ignition achieved using NIST calibrations and shunt circuit to overcome interference from electromagnetic pulse

•Results show 20 MW peak optical power as unique signature of a high energy continuum emission spectrum

•Results show energy gain of 200 to 500 times

•New paper to be published in noted science journal demonstrating methods for measuring power and gain from Hydrino® reaction optically and thermally using state of the art instruments

•Hydrino products identified by multiple analytical methods

•Foundation for National Labs experiments and conclusive proof of “better than fire”
energy source

•Supports the SunCell® Automated Cell demonstration by showing the potential massive power density and gain of the hydrino power source that can be harnessed into applications by the SunCell with optimization

•Commercial and academic validation in progress

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Roger Shawyer Posts Third Generation EmDrive Outline for Thrusters, Personal Air Vehicles.

Roger Shawyer, inventor of the EmDrive has posted a new document on the Satellite Propulsion Research Ltd. website titled “Third Generation EmDrive”, in which he describes features of the latest version of the EmDrive that he is apparently developing. He describes it as:

“High thrust. High acceleration, superconducting technology. Theoretical work reported in US, China and UK. Aerospace applications including Launch Vehicles and Personal Air Vehicles.Satellite Propulsion Research Ltd”

The full document along with designs of some of EmDrive vehicles and devices can be found here: http://www.emdrive.com/3GEmDrive.pdf

3GEmDrive
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Global Warming Gets Worse Threatens Food Supply

Data indicates that global warming is getting worse and threatening the world’s food supply. The first six months of 2017 were the second-hottest on record NASDA data indicates, The Guardian reported. NASA scientists found that temperatures are nearly one degree (.94) Celsius higher than the 1950 to 1980 average. What’s truly disturbing is that the [...]