Italy Invests 500 million Euros In Hot Fusion Research (ENEA)

Thanks to Vinney for posting the following comment

Italy invests Euro 500 million in Hot Fusion research.

In the latest news, the existing INFN nuclear facility in Frascati (near Rome) will host a Centre for Excellence in Hot Fusion research using an ENEA patented DTT (tokamak) based reactor.

http://www.enea.it/en/news-enea/news/energy-fusion-dtt-project-soon-to-be-implemented-in-italy

Excerpt:

“EUROfusion[1] The DTT (Divertor Tokamak Test Facility), a 500 million euro project with the objective of setting up a strategic nuclear fusion infrastructure in Italy, has made a step forward. After the resolution approved by the 10th Standing Committee of the Chamber of Deputies (Productive Activities, Trade and Tourism), committing the Government to take initiatives aiming at implementing the project in Italy, Eurofusion decided to organise a workshop devoted at analysing the DTT proposal in the light of the fusion Road Map.”

Many foreign governments are also contributing a small portion of the funds. The reactor itself will be 10X smaller than the ITER facility.

I hope Rossi is on-track to put an end to this absurd waste of funds. These sorts of funds spent on LENR research would go 100X further, and employ thousands more researchers, in discrete and relevant research programs.

Clearly, Rossi ( and the E-cat) still has very little traction in Italian research circles, not withstanding the efforts Preparata, De Giudice, Violante, Piantelli, Focardi and Celani.

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Unconventional Nuclear Reactions (Reginald B. Little)

The following post has been submitted by Reginald B. Little.

In reference to the topic of Axil’s post about chiral particles (particles with two possible rotations, clockwise or counterclockwise), the idea has already been archived by me as reversible (for all transport and transformations chemically) and irreversible ( for unconventional nuclear reactions) fussing and fusing of nuclei of positive and negative nuclear magnetic moments for explaining and accelerating unconventional nuclear reactions.

By such I have explained how all prior cold fusion and LENR observations since Ponns and Fleischmann (I prefer calling them unconventional nuclear reactions as they are not low energy but high potential energy) occur and can be accelerated by these nonprimordial nuclear magnetic moments and the difficulty of inducing unconventional nuclear reactions is thereby explained by me as the site ( Ed Storm’s reaction centers which he did not and was not able to give nature of) has to enrich in these nuclear magnetic moments in particular the negative nuclear magnetic moments.

It was by this that I accelerated unconventional nuclear in silver and copper as by silver having all negative nuclear moments. It is by this that nickel is better than Palladium has it is 61Ni causing nuclear activity in Nano nickel. It is the negative nuclear moment in Ti that causes its unconventional nuclear activity.

By my theory, I also invented a THEORETICAL cure for cancer using negative nuclear moments their consequent chiral rays what I call dark rays. It is by this that i also have discovered the true cause origin and theory of high temperature superconductivity as by these nuclei of negative nuclear magnetic moments. I can explain all superconductivity and I know how to increase superconductivity to room temperatures using isotopes of nonzero nuclear magnetic moments.

The theory and ideas are expressed and archived here: http://rxiv.org/author/reginald_b_little

Reginald B. Little

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Chiral Polarization is the Key to the LENR Reaction (Axil Axil)

The following post has been submitted by Axil Axil

The key requirement of the LENR reaction is the chiral polarization of matter and energy. All particles can be Chiral polarized including photons. This polarization principle is most notably and purely demonstrated in the Papp fuel preparation process. The goal of that process is the left handedness polarization of the spins of 5 types of noble gases.

Most hopeful Papp engine replicators do not spin chiral polarize the noble gas mix. Nobody understands the purpose of the Papp fuel preparation process.

Generally, in the Papp fuel preparation process, radioactivity from thorium and x-rays are used to chiral polarize the spins of the five noble gases with left handed chiral spins. Radioactivity produces subatomic particles and photons that are always left handed chiral spin polarized. The use of radioactive materials loaded into the hollow electrodes (aka buckets) in the Papp engine maintains the left handed chiral polarization of the noble gases during the operation of the engine.

When Papp developed the Papp engine, laser tech was not known, so Papp used radioactivity as the means to spin polarize the noble gases that powered the Papp reaction.

Today, noble gas chiral spin polarization can be done without the need for radioactive material. Optical pumping is a very efficient method to control the atomic spin state through interaction with a resonant light beam carrying angular momentum. In the presence of a magnetic guiding field B and of weak relaxation processes, the net result of the repeated light absorption and re-emission cycles is a change in the relative populations of the involved atomic sublevels, i.e. creation of spin orientation. For chiral spin polarizing of noble gases currently used in industry, two routes are possible: spin exchange optical pumping (SEOP), with indirect transfer of angular momentum from a polarized laser beam to the noble gas nuclei via alkali metal atoms (usually rubidium), and metastability exchange optical pumping (MEOP), with direct transfer of angular momentum from resonant laser light to He atoms. Each technique has its own advantages and limitations.

For instance, SEOP directly operates at high pressure but is a slow process (several hours are required to polarize helium), while MEOP is a much faster process (it only takes seconds to polarize 100 cm3 of gas at 1 mbar), but only operates at low pressure (mbar). SEOP has been used for several imaging experiments, but MEOP is preferred because of its faster production rates and higher nuclear polarizations.

An example of a He Polarizing Industrial Method

The polarization apparatus is based on the method of optical pumping of metastable He atoms in a weak gas discharge at a gas pressure of about 1 mbar. The whole equipment is located in a homogeneous magnetic field B0 of 1 mT, which serves as a holding field and as quantization axis for the polarized He-nuclei. The polarizing and compressing system consists of three parts: The first part contains the He reservoir and getters for gas purification. The second part consists of the optical pumping volume. The optical pumping itself is done by two 15 W fiber lasers at 1083 nm. The five OP-cells have a length of 2.20 m. In order to maximize the light absorption the circularly polarized laser light is back-reflected at dichroic mirrors. The nuclear polarization of the He gas can be monitored during the OP-process by measuring the circular polarization of the 668 nm-light emitted by the discharge. The third part contains a mechanical polarization-conserving compressor driven by hydraulics.

ax

In my own way of thinking, a linearly polarized laser vertical photon beam produced by a diode laser can be conditioned by an organic chiral spin filter (aka karo syrup) to convert the photon stream from a laser into a left handed chiral state. All organic matter is polarized left handed. A clear solution of d-glucose can convert the photon polarization in the required left handed polarization. The required photon stream must be linearly chiral spin polarized left handed. This conditioned laser beam could irradiate a small hole in a container from which a noble gas mix is flowing. The hole is small enough for the laser beam to cover the entire hole.

ax2

In the picture, an intense source of light is polarized filtered into the LENR required left handed spin state.

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Brilliant Light Power Q2 Update

Brilliant Light Power has posted its second quarter updated on the BLP website here:

http://www.brilliantlightpower.com/wp-content/uploads/presentations/Second-Quarter-Update-040418.pdf

Some of the highlights mentioned are:

The Advanced SunCell® design has been completed and patents filed, and that engineering is progressing well.

They have added engineers to complete the SunCell® prototype

They are seeking corporate partners with whom to develop a commercial SunCell®

They are also working on a new SunCell® design. “We have been focused on a much more advanced design that has the capacity to generate arbitrarily high power with much less complex systems that should have a significant impact on the time to commercialization,” and describe Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) Generators which they have tested in prototype, and state that they have shown “large scale feasibility”

A short video of the MHD generator has been posted on Youtube here:

https://www.youtube.com/embed/wwk8QefsvMk

They state that the

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‘Home Again’ (Peter Gluck)

After a long absence due to illness, Peter Gluck has posted on his Ego Out website, and since he is addressing the LENR community at large I thought I would repost his message here.

http://egooutpeters.blogspot.com/2018/03/home-again.html

Home Again

Dear Friends,

I am temporarily able to think and I want to tell you the following:

I am unable to get and send information because I cannot read or write. My daughter helps me and my blog partner, Georgina.

I fear that there will be no energy revolution as it was the information revolution which is a great success. I fear that LENR will die and disappear. Nothing is certain regarding LENR-technology, even that it does NOT exist. I am desperate. The Miamy Trial – Rossi vs. Darden is a complete mistery, but it seems Rossi has not lost the trial. What will bring the future to LENR? In this blog I have told many times what I think about Pd/D and Ni/H etc., and I have not changed my opinion.

What have we to do? Is any hope lost?

Thank you!

Your old friend,
Peter

Peter, this is my brief reply to you. I am glad you are home, and have the help you need to post again. Thank you for all your efforts and work over the years, and I do hope you feel better and are able to contribute more as time goes on.

Personally, I don’t think that LENR will die and disappear. I am optimistic. I think there is enough interest from talented and determined persons to keep working at the problem until success comes. We have various groups and individuals working in private and in public who are trying to understand and develop the technology, that I think sooner or later the breakthrough that you are hoping for will come.

My best guess is that Andrea Rossi will be the first person to bring the technology into the commercial sector. I think he has the technological prowess and the necessary determination and force of will to do it.

While I think we can be sure that Rossi won’t be giving help to his competitors, but if he (or anyone else) can bring forward a working LENR product, then we will know that technologically it can be done — that it is not impossible — which I think will cause interest in the field to greatly increase.

I don’t think it’s possible for us to make predictions about the exact timing of these things, you never know what holdups may occur, but I’m optimistic that in the end we’ll see success.

My best wishes to you!

Frank

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US Department of Defense Licensing LENR Technology, Seeks Collaborative Research

Thanks to Engineer48 for posting the following:

The US NAVY SPAWAR has a nice LENR patent: from 2013:

https://techlinkcenter.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/US8419919B1.pdf

Should be fairly easy for MFMP or others to replicate.

US NAVY seeks to license their LENR tech and to engage in collaborative research [Title: “Particle generator
Produces alpha and beta particles as well as protons, neutrons, deuterons, soft X-rays, gamma rays, and tritium”:

https://techlinkcenter.org/technologies/14832367/

Excerpt:

“This invention is a reproducible method of generating particles through the electrolysis of palladium in heavy water. The invention consists of an electrochemical cell composing an anode, a cathode, and magnets within an electrolyte solution of palladium dissolved in heavy water. To initiate the particle generating process, a power source supplies a constant current to the cell body through the partially immersed cathode and anode for a specified period of time. The current causes the deposition of palladium particles onto the cathode element due to the evolving deuterium gas during electrolysis. These periods of current may be repeated for a variety of different values, and for different period lengths dependent on the needs of the materials. This process can be customized based on the most productive cycles for each specific reaction.”

dod

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Indian Newspaper Predicts Cold Fusion to Power Homes

Another Indian newspaper article looks at the state of LENR/Cold Fusion research and predicts that it won’t be too long until the technology is developed to a point where it will be able to provide power for domestic purposes at very low cost.

The article was published today (Mar 26, 2018) in The Pioneer and is titled “Cold Fusion to Power Households” — link here: http://www.dailypioneer.com/nation/cold-fusion-to-power-households.html

Here is an excerpt:

After 30 years, Japanese scientists have come out with reports that substantiate observations made during the cold fusion experiments. A research group including scientists of Toyota, Nissan Motor, Universities of Tohoku, Kobe, Kyushu and  Nagoya have found that heat energy was released at room temperature. Professor Emeritus Akito Takahashi, who led the teams has an answer for questions raised by scientists like late Dr Raj. “It could be multi-body fusion occurring at an extremely small space,” said he.

Eminent cardiologist Dr B M Hegde has already pointed out that transmutation of potassium to sodium happening in human body is akin to release of heat energy during cold fusion. The research group expects that it was possible to generate 1 kilowatt of heat, which is two orders of magnitude larger than the present reactions, by improving the structure of the sample, increasing the amount reactant, devising changes to the temperature conditions.

One of the experts consulted for this article is Indian nuclear phyiscs Mahadeva Srinivasan, who was the former Head of Neutron Physics Division at the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre in Mumbai who is now a private LENR consultant.

He was recently interviewed by Ruby Carat of Cold Fusion Now for her series of podcasts talking to people working in the LENR field.

He told Ruby that he has been trying almost single-handedly trying revive LENR research in LENR after Cold Fusion had been largely dismissed by the scientific community. He has focused his efforts recently on trying to interest members of the current BJP Indian government led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, and has had some success with this approach, with limited funding being made available from the funding from the Ministry of Renewable Energy to get four LENR research groups started in India. He tells Ruby that three out of four of the groups are currently working on Parkhamov-style experiments with nickel powder and hydrogen, but expects them to try with deuterium also.

Ruby’s interview with Dr. Srinivasan can be heard here: http://coldfusionnow.org/cfnpodcast/

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Idea to Publicly Share LENR Technology (Gerold.s)

The following post was first posted on this thread by Gerold.s; I post it here as it might be useful to give it more visibility.

[Response to a post by Axil]Thanks for your input.

It seems to be clear that the fuel (we will probably start with the LION diadisks approach) setup will define to great extend a potential feasible reactor design.

I am a teacher with engineering background and work for an educational organization which has the resources and infrastructure to design and manufacture a LENR device.

What we are lacking is the deeper knowledge of LENR science and background info in order to come up with requirements to be incorporated into a design which will have a high LENR replication probability and sufficient safety measures.

We have the idea to work together with MFMP or others, who are willing to publicly share LENR technology.
We want to design and manufacture a few prototypes, which we will than hand over to MFMP or others for testing.

As you have seen, we are currently working on design variants for a hot type (dry cell) LENR reactor, which
should fulfil following requirements (our current definition):

• simple and cost effective design
e.g. use of available, industrial components (e.g. high performance ceramic glow plug normally used in diesel engines as a heat source)
Tmax of heat source = 1350°C for 60 seconds; approx. 1100°C for constant operation -> is that enough?
the water coolant flow should not exceed approx. 80°C so we would be able to use
standard available high temperature PP piping to design the outer reactor body containing water as coolant.

• safety
e.g. core reactor material, which is in in touch with the LENR active material (e.g. LION diadisks) will be tungsten, the diadisks can be embedded in a powders of graphite, boron nitride, others?
An option would probably also be to use PB as a “liquid metal core”, which melts above approx. 300°C as a primary moderator fluid containing the LENR active material (diadisks) with additives / additional fuel;
this would lead to a better heat exchange to the inner core structure made of tungsten and act as an additional
shielding against radiation and also to thermalize radiation

Is there a minimum temperature, where the LENR reaction might start? What is the expected max. temperature in the inner core?
Expected internal pressure?
Sufficient external water cooling

• high LENR reproduction probability
the inner core structure is replace- and reusable; different activation energy
sources necessary? (only heat not enough at least for diadisks? arc discharge, RF activation, laser,…) ,other important aspects?

I am aware that some relevant parameters can only be identified by experiments, but maybe you or others from the community could
give some more concrete input.

For an offline discussion I can provide my e-mail.

Thanks
Gerold

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Paper: “Surface Patterning of Synthetic Diamond Crystallites Using Nickel Powder”

Stephen made the following comment on this thread:

Ahlfors on the LENR forum just posted a very interesting paper on diamond etching with nickel powder that I thought you would definitely find interesting.

https://www.lenr-forum.com/forum/thread/5511-the-lion-experiment/?postID=82068#post82068

This is paper linked:

http://www.yan.mech.keio.ac.jp/wp-site/wp-content/uploads/Surface-patterning-of-synthetic-diamond-crystallites-using-nickel-powder.pdf

It could be interesting information in trying to put together together along with the Maccle formation and local EM/thermal environment what process are working together in creating these features. And if that can help paramatererise what is needed to stimulate and contain the transmutations you seem to be seeing.

Bob Greenyer made this reply to Stephen’s comment:

This is an interesting paper, thanks for drawing it to my attention – especially considering the use of Nickel and Diamond.

Firstly, it is based on the immersion of the Diamonds in 12-52μm nickel powder, Nickel of course is not present in the powder form in LION. Having the nickel in this scale will allow sintering processes at 600ºC and lower perhaps – so the Nickel becomes mobile and catalytically active.

Secondly, whilst there are nano particles seen in the cavities, there is no suggestion that they are composed of anything other than Nickel, Carbon and oxygen.

We did not detect Boron in our diamonds, perhaps limitation of the analysis – however, the study does state that its diamonds contain Boron.

Perhaps the Deuterium Oxide changes the catalytic dynamics?

Further, there does not appear to be the abundance of ‘spheres’ forming on the surface of the diamond.

It could be that Nickel catalytically splits D2O releasing some O that forms some CO with the diamonds C and this in turn chemically transports some of the Ni via the Mond process that then deposits itself on the diamonds and nano nickel particulates subsequently leading to a similar process to that which is cited in this paper – however, this does not account for the other elements and ‘spheres’ found.

There does not appear to be any ‘molten nickel’ type structures (see attached image) https://uploads.disquscdn.com/images/622d40455203e0fdf3ef01cbd59cfefc025033e3b6ab6e9c75ec4d3a27d16dc5.png as shown in Fig. 2 (b1), which one might expect if this was the process, especially since no acid washing process was done in an attempt to remove metals.

bg1

What is also interesting is that, of the diamonds that remain – they seam to have been wholly or in part, turned ‘black’ could this mean they have turned into graphite structure? Have the LION diamonds been fully converted to graphite? The process in the paper is a surface effect.

“In Nickel structure (Fig. 1S), the edge length of the equilateral triangle formed by the three adjacent atoms on (111) plane is 2.49 Å. While that of three atoms in diamond structure is 2.52 Å. Because their edge lengths are very close, Ni atoms on (111) plane can be vertically aligned with diamond atoms. As shown in Fig. 2S [18] , three Ni atoms are vertically aligned with diamond atom 1, 3, 5. With two unpaired d electrons, Ni atoms will attract electrons of diamond atom 1, 3, 5 and simultaneously compress atom 2, 4, 6. Then, diamond structure is convertedto hexagonal graphite structure with the inner triangle length is 2.46 Å”

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Images of Diamond Pads before/after Bake-Soak Treatment for LION Replication (Alan Goldwater)

The following was posted by Alan Goldwater

In response to Axil’s suggestion, here are some images of the diamond pads before and after the bake/soak treatment. The first two images are of the raw pads, still attached to the green resin backing sheet. The first image is with side lighting only, and shows the color of the diamonds tinted by reflected light off the backing, . The second image is with through-the-lens direct lighting, and shows bright gold-tinted reflections from the polished nickel backing of the disc. Some of the gold color is also reflected back through the diamonds, giving them more false color.

ag1

ag2

The third image is of a pad removed from the D2O soaking after two weeks. The changes are subtle, but some details may be revealed after further study. The small area in the central red circle is a facet plane that happened to be horizontal to the disc, which enabled a look at higher magnification with some depth of field. The result in image 4 is pretty cool, lots of tiny tetrahedral crystals growing out of the surface. The smallest ones visible are around 1 micron, and because of the wide range of dimension seen, there are likely to be many sub-micron ones as well.

ag3

ag4

I’m not saying that these nano-scale features resulted from the bake/soak treatment. I wasn’t looking in the raw material, but having seen this, I would surely have a closer look with SEM (if I had one).

AlanG

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