Thanks to Sam for sharing an article from the Science Alert website about a team of researchers at the University of Washington who have been testing new approaches to achieving fusion energy on a smaller scale than the large hot Tokamak approaches that have proved to be very challenging.
Using a mix of 20 percent deuterium and 80 percent hydrogen, the team managed to hold stable a 50 centimetre (1.6 foot) long column of plasma enough to achieve fusion, evidenced by a signature generation of neutrons being emitted.
The team has published an article about their work in the American Physical Society’s Physical Review Letters titled “Sustained Neutron Production from a Sheared-Flow Stabilized Z inch”
The sheared-flow stabilized Z pinch has demonstrated long-lived plasmas with fusion-relevant parameters. We present the first experimental results demonstrating sustained, quasi-steady-state neutron production from the fusion Z-pinch experiment, operated with a mixture of 20% deuterium/80% hydrogen by pressure. Neutron emissions lasting approximately 5μs are reproducibly observed with pinch currents of approximately 200 kA during an approximately 16μs period of plasma quiescence. The average neutron yield is estimated to be (1.25±0.45)×105neutrons/pulse and scales with the square of the deuterium concentration. Coincident with the neutron signal, plasma temperatures of 1–2 keV and densities of approximately 1017cm−3 with 0.3 cm pinch radii are measured with fully integrated diagnostics.
The following post has been submitted by Gregory Daigle.
I’ve been invited to make a presentation to a local meeting of technologists and software developers on the topic of LENR. I have my own idea of what to present as a primer on the topic, but would like to solicit input from E-Cat World readers on what information to present to a group of newbies on the topic. The presentation will be 30 minutes plus discussion and will be on April 27.
Currently I am looking for both important links, imagery and well structured synopses on the history, most viable science theories and impact on replacing greenhouse gases, but any other thoughts and resources would be appreciated.
Here is the session description as it currently stands:
LENR – A Primer
LENR is an acronym for Low Energy Nuclear Reactions, but is also known as LANR (Lattice Assisted …), CANR (Chemically Assisted …) and describes a category of carbon-free generators of heat energy that have been researched for 30 years. This year companies have said they will introduce products into the marketplace that could dramatically reduce our reliance upon greenhouse gases. So shouldn’t we learn more about it?
One potential manufacturer states, “Think of it as an energy amplifier, that turns one unit of energy into many units without any toxic waste or dangerous radioactivity.”
Controversial? You betcha! Despite over 1,000 peer reviewed papers from research universities showing generation of heat, financial backing by the Gates Foundation and Google Alphabet and confirmation of heat production by research heavyweights like SRI International LENR is pulled down by its checkered past when it was called “cold fusion”.
This will be a primer on the topic, including some of the science, how the field has progressed and how it might be poised to be the biggest provider of heat energy in industry, the home and even in vehicles.
The session will provide links to researchers, organizations, commercial ventures and patents filed by those trying to be first to market with a device that can generate thousands of kilowatts of heat from a core the size of a cigarette that can run for six months on a single charge using the same materials you find in today’s laptop batteries.
With firms like Toyota, Nissan, Boeing and Mitsubishi engaged in research, and patents filed as recently as February by Google, it’s worth finding out how this technology is positioned to fill the gap between renewables and traditional nuclear.
Thanks to Jonas Matuzas for providing this reference to a new article published in the Journal of Energy and Power Engineering:
Title: “Tunneling Effect Enhanced by Pd Screening as Main LENR Mechanism: A Brief Theoretical Impression”
Author: Frisone Fulvio
Department of Physics, University of Catania, Via Santa Sofia 64, I-95123 Catania, Italy
In this paper the main features of tunneling travelling are illustrated between two deuterons
within a lattice. Considering the screening effect due to lattice electrons we compared the d-d fusion rate evaluated from different authors assuming different screening efficiency and different d-d potentials. Then, we proposed an effective potential which describes very well the attractive
contribution due to plasmon exchange between two deuterons and by means of it wewill compute the d-d fusion rates for different energy values.
Reference: Journal of Energy and Power Engineering 13 (2019) 59-67
Thanks to Alan Smith for sharing the following document which is intended to be a directory of companies, organizations and individuals who are currently working in the field of LENR/Cold Fusion.
It is certainly a very comprehensive and useful list, and I think one that will grow over time. If there are any corrections or additions I am sure Alan would like to hear about them. He is a moderator on the LENR-Forum.com site, and can be contacted there.
“The invention belongs to the category of devices used for thermal energy generation based on the principles of low energy nuclear synthesis – so-called LENR reactions . . . The heater is constructed as a porous ceramic electrically conductive tubular element made of a high-temperature withstanding ceramic and a reaction material comprising a mixture of metallic powders in the form of metal powder of the elements of the 10th group of Periodic Table, such as nickel (Ni), and a fuel mixture containing the chemical elements lithium (Li) and hydrogen (H), proportionately distributed inside the pores in a ratio ranging between 10 and 80 % of the surface of the heater pores . . .”
Brillouin Energy have released a new video promoting their technology as an alternative to fossil fuels which they say are putting our civilization in danger.
Quote from the video.
“After fifteen years of research, Brillouin has built a solution that removes our need to choose. Brillouin Energy is developing high-tech boilers which rely on low-energy nuclear reactions to produce safe, green low-cost power. Think of it as an energy amplifier, that turns one unit of energy into many units without any toxic waste or dangerous radioactivity.”
The video implies that they are in need of funding their technology off the ground. Viewers are told “you can help us bring it to the market, check our website to learn how you can end the global dependence on fossil fuels”. The brillounenergy.com website announces that currently a Series D sale is underway, and a link to https://bec.ltd/, a site for accredited investors in the United States.
Here is a recent video titled “SunCell® Hydrino Reactor Power Conversion and Calorimetry”
No calorimetry results are provided, but they say that this is an “initial water bath test of SunCell® hydrino reactant gas mixture”
Also, below is the abstract from a Brilliant Light Power patent application published by the
MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMIC ELECTRIC POWER GENERATOR
Abstract: A power generator that provides at least one of electrical and thermal power comprising (i) at least one reaction cell for the catalysis of atomic hydrogen to form hydrinos identifiable by unique analytical and spectroscopic signatures, (ii)reaction mixture comprising at least two components chosen from: a source of ¾ 0 catalyst or ¾ 0 catalyst; a source of atomic hydrogen or atomic hydrogen; reactants to form the source of ¾ 0 catalyst or H20 catalyst and a source of atomic hydrogen or atomic hydrogen; and a molten metal to cause the reaction mixture to be highly conductive, (iii) molten metal injection system comprising at least one pump such as an electromagnetic pump that causes a plurality of molten metal streams to intersect, (iv)an ignition system comprising an electrical power source that provides low-voltage, high-current electrical energy to the plurality of intersected molten metal streams to ignite a plasma to initiate rapid kinetics of the hydrino reaction and an energy gain due to forming hydrinos, (v) a source of ¾ and O2 supplied to the plasma, (vi) molten metal recovery system, and (vii)a power converter capable of (a) converting the high-power light output froma black body radiator of the cell into electricity using concentrator thermos photovoltaic cells or (b)converting the energetic plasma into electricity using a magneto hydrodynamic converter.
The following post has been submitted by Alain Samoun.
A parallel: How water memory and cold fusion are rejected by the establishment.
The story starts in 1980’s with a French MD named Jacques Benveniste, the head of a laboratory at the French medical research institution INSERM. In one of his experiment, repeated many times, Benveniste, a specialist in allergy studies, found that some biological molecules, linked to allergy and dissolved in water, conserved their biochemical properties, even after the original solution was diluted so many times that not a single active molecule could by then have been present any more in the solution.
He concluded that the transmission of the biological information could be related to the molecular organization of water. The publication of his results started a controversy and the ire of the French scientific establishment, which linked the Benveniste work to the repudiated homeopathy. At the end it was rejected and even called a “fraud”, “junk science”, “a disgrace to French science” etc…. Benvenist, under these attacks, lost the financing of his research then finally his laboratory.
Benveniste continued his research with private funding and he developed even more interesting discoveries: The imprint of certain molecules on water conserves the electromagnetism properties of the original molecule which could then be digitally recorded and used to reconstitute the molecule in another solution. This work was again condemned by the French scientific elite, even after that the experiment was replicated by others, and supported by two Nobel prize winners : Brian Josephson, physicist, well known for his support of cold fusion and Luc Montagner a French biologist who received a Nobel prize for his discovery of the HIV (AIDS) virus.
Exhausted by the fight against critics of his work, Benvenist died in 2004. Professor Montagner continued his work on water memory, but still is criticized in France, even with his Nobel distinction. Unable to get government support in his own country, Montagner is now working in a Chinese university.
The following movie shows a 2014 water memory experiment live in front of a TV camera in Paris: DNA molecules of HIV virus are diluted many times in pure water. The DNA imprint in the water produces electromagnetic signal as the real molecule does. That signal is recorded and transmitted as a file, via internet, to a university in Italy. The Italian scientists reconstitute in their lab the original DNA molecule in a water solution from the received file.
This feat is not yet well explained theoretically, we have to use quantum physics for an explanation of how the water records and keeps the structure of the DNA, but it opens right now many doors for the future using the memory property of water. For example the possibility to detect and cure diseases with waves and, maybe because 99% of the molecules in our body are made of water, to know one day the major mechanism of life. Against their respective critics and opposed interests, we know that cold fusion/LENR and the water memory fields will be widely recognized and will change our society, we hope not too late and for the best of humanity.
Thanks to Ivan Idso for referencing this study on the Journal of Nuclear Physics.
If a revolutionary energy technology came on the scene, and worked well, how long would it take to get a firm foothold, and start to displace other established energy sources? That is a question considered in a paper titled “How long does innovation and marketing in the energy sectors take? Historical case studies of the timescale of invention,” published in the journal Energy Policy 123, on December 2018, https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421518305901
The answer of the authors of this paper is that if history is to be our guide, it can take a long time. The researchers looked at 13 key technologies that had been developed since the end of the 19th century which were: cars, cathode ray tube TV, nuclear power, combined cycle gas turbine, solar photovoltaics, videocassette recorder, wind electricity, cash cards and ATMs, mobile phones, compact fluorescent light bulbs, lithium ion rechargeable batteries, thin film transistor LCD TVs, and LED lighting.
The researchers found that on average, the average time from invention to widespread commercialization was 32 years. The technology with the shortest time was the LCD TV (20 years), and the longest was the car (69 years). In terms of electricity generation technology, the average time was 43 years:
The two renewable generation technologies, solar PV (55 years in Germany) and wind (40 years in Denmark), also have amongst the longest timescales of the 13 innovations included in our study. Slow diffusion timescales for renewable energy technologies were observed in the early 2000s in European countries by Negro et al. (2012), who point to a range of innovation system failures which constrain their deployment, such as a lack of long term and consistent institutional support. Such failures are compounded by lock-in to incumbent fossil fuel technologies which have become optimally aligned with supporting institutions and have benefited from economies of scale and technological learning over extensive periods of time.
Many of us like to think that if a radical new technology with obvious advantages came on the scene that it would be widely accepted and adopted rapidly, but this study provides examples showing that this may not necessarily be the case.