The following post has been submitted by Greg Goble. This article has also been posted here.
The government of the United States of America has filed many ‘cold fusion’ LENR patents. These LENR patents take time to develop, often a number of years, before being filed with a patent office; each being a tedious project unto itself. One patent’s development began with a contract from NSWC, Indian Head Division in 2008, “Deuterium Reactor” US 20130235963 A1, by Pharis Edward Williams. This patent was not filed till 2012, four years later. Another delay can occur between the patent filing date and publication date if the patent is deemed a matter of national security. An example of this is the 2007 SPAWAR patent, System and Method for Generating Particles – US8419919B1, with a filing date of Sep. 21, 2007 and publication date of Apr. 16, 2013, a delay of six years.
U.S. LENR patent development has been funded through the Air Force, NASA, the Navy and a few other Department of Defense labs. The government may retain rights to any of these LENR patents and control licensing agreements. Patent licensing may be granted to those who partnered with government labs in the development of LENR technology. Included with the patents in this review are U.S. Government funded LENR energy ‘applied engineering’ programs and presentations.
A chronological review of U.S. funded ‘cold fusion’ projects and patents, along with a list of the individuals, companies, universities and agencies involved, may be helpful in understanding the history of, and to determine the thrust of, United States of America government funded LENR energy technology entering the marketplace. Boeing and General Electric teams up with NASA on planes. The SpaceWorks work with NASA leans towards spaceplanes and Mars. SPAWAR LENR tech, which transmutes nuclear waste to benign elements while powering the turbines, favors teaming with Global Energy Corporation. Commercialization claims are “GEC is currently negotiating several new SMG construction contracts ranging from 250MWe to 5GWe around the world” which leads to mega power generation, the grid, and the cleanup of onsite storage nuclear waste.
United States Government LENR Energy Review
1993 Air Force Patent “Method of maximizing anharmonic oscillations in deuterated alloys” US5411654A Assignee: HYDROELECTRON VENTURES Inc, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, US Air Force – This invention was made with U.S. Government support under contract No. F19628-90-C-0002, awarded by the Air Force. The Government has certain rights in this invention. GRANT issued: Feb. 5, 1995 – Inventors: Brian S. Ahern, Keith H. Johnson, Harry R. Clark Jr.https://patents.google.com/patent/US5411654A
1996 Air Force Patent (a continuation) “Method of maximizing anharmonic oscillations in deuterated alloys” US5770036A1 This invention was made with U.S. Government support under contract No. F19-6528-90-C-0002, awarded by the Air Force. The Government has certain rights in this invention. This application is a continuation of Ser. No. 08/331,007, filed Oct. 28, 1994, now abandoned, which is a division of Ser. No. 08/086,821, filed Jul. 2, 1993, now U.S. Pat. No. 5,411,654 – inventor: Brian S. Ahern
2007 SPAWAR Patent “System and method for generating particles” US8419919B1 – Filing: Sep 21, 2007 – Publication: Apr 16, 2013
– Assignee: JWK International Corporation, The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy – GRANT Issued: Apr 16, 2013 2007
Inventors: Pamela A. Boss, Frank E. Gordon, Stanislaw Szpak, Lawrence Parker Galloway Forsley https://www.google.com/patents/US8419919B1
2008 Patent (SPAWAR LENR tech) “A hybrid fusion fast fission reactor”WO2009108331A2 – Publication date: Dec 30, 2009 – Priority date: Feb 25, 2008
Inventors: Lawrence Parker Galloway Forsley, Jay Wook Khim
Applicant: Forsley, Lawrence Parker Gallow
2008 DoD Patent (2014 publication date) “Deuterium Reactor” US 20130235963 A1 – Filed: Mar 12, 2012 $25,000 was received in 2008 from NSWC, Indian Head Division, to design experiments, review reports, and analyze data. The experiments verified heating using powered/granulated fuel. (ed. note) Quote: “As a United States Department of Defense (DoD) Energetics Center, Naval Surface Warfare Center, Indian Head Division is a critical component of the Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA) Warfare Center (WFC) Enterprise. One of the WFC’s nine Divisions, Indian Head’s mission is to research, develop, test, evaluate, and produce energetics and energetic systems for U.S. fighting forces.” -end quote – Inventor: Pharis Edward Williams Original Assignee: Pharis Edward Williams https://www.google.com/patents/US20130235963A1
2009 thru 2010 NASA-LaRC SpaceWorks Contract (applied engineering) Quote “SpaceWorks conducted separate vehicle design studies evaluating the potential impact of two advanced propulsion system concepts under consideration by NASA Langley Research Center: The first concept was an expendable multistage rocket vehicle which utilized an advanced Air-Augmented Rocket (AAR) engine. The effect of various rocket thrust augmentation ratios were identified the resulting vehicle design where compared against a traditional expendable rocket concept The second concept leverage Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENR), a new form of energy generation being studied at NASA LaRC, to determine how to utilize an LENR-based propulsion system for space access. For this activity, two LENR-based rocket engine propulsion performance models where developed jointly by SpaceWorks and LaRC personnel.” -end quote – See“SpaceWorks Advanced Concepts Group (ACG) Overview” October 2012 PowerPoint presentation, page 31.http://www.sei.aero/eng/papers/uploads/archive/Advanced_Concepts_Group_ACG_Overview.pdf
2009 Navy Patent “Excess enthalpy upon pressurization of nanosized metals with deuterium” WO2011041370A1 – Original Assignee: The Government Of The United States Of America, As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy – Inventor: David A. Kidwell – Priority date: Sep 29, 2009 – Publication date: Mar 31, – The present application claims the benefit of United States Provisional Application Serial No. 61/246,619 by David A. Kidwell, filed September 29, 2009 entitled “ANOMALOUS HEAT GENERATION FROM DEUTERIUM (OR PLATINUM) LOADED NANOPARTICLES.” – 2011 – GRANT issued: Nov 10, 2015https://www.google.com/patents/WO2011041370A1
2009 November Defense Intelligence Agency (LENR report) DIA-08-0911-003 Technology Forecast: “Worldwide Research on Low-Energy Nuclear Reactions Increasing and Gaining Acceptance” Quote “LENR power sources could produce the greatest transformation of the battlefield for U.S. forces since the transition from horsepower to gasoline power.” -end quote Prepared by: Beverly Barnhart, DIA/DI, Defense Warning Office. With contributions from: Dr. Patrick McDaniel, University of New Mexico; Dr. Pam Mosier-Boss, U.S. Navy SPAWAR/Pacific; Dr. Michael McKubre, SRI International; Mr. Lawrence Forsley, JWK International; and Dr. Louis DeChiaro, NSWC/Dahlgren. Coordinated with DIA/DRI, CPT, DWO, DOE/IN, US Navy SPAWAR/Pacific and U.S. NSWC/Dahlgren, VA.http://www.lenr-canr.org/acrobat/BarnhartBtechnology.pdf
2010 Navy Patent (LENR fuel) “Metal nanoparticles with a pre-selected number of atoms” US 8728197 B2 – Original Assignee: The United States Of America, As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy – Inventors: Albert Epshteyn, David A. Kidwell – GRANT issued: May 20, 2014https://www.google.com/patents/US8728197B2
(editors note) E-Cat’s first demo by Rossi in January 2011.
2011 NASA Patent “Method for Producing Heavy Electrons” US20110255645A1 – Inventor: Joseph M. Zawodny – Assignee: USA As Represented By The Administrator Of NASA – Pursuant to 35U.S.C. §119, the benefit of priority from U.S. Provisional Patent Application Ser. No. 61/317,379, with a filing date of Mar. 25, 2010, is claimed for this non-provisional application, the contents of which are hereby incorporated by reference in their entirety. The invention was made by an employee of the United States Government and may be manufactured and used by or for the Government of the United States of America for governmental purposes without the payment of any royalties thereon or therefor. Publication date: Oct 20, 2011 – Filing date: Mar 24, 2011https://www.google.com/patents/US20110255645A1
2012 NASA/Boeing Publication (applied engineering) NASA Contract NNL08AA16B – NNL11AA00T – “Subsonic Ultra Green Aircraft Research – Phase II N+4 Advanced Concept Development” – (editors note) The NASA Working Group Report also makes public the following list of organizations and individuals working on the advanced concept contract:
Marty Bradley, Christopher Droney, Zachary Hoisington, Timothy Allen, Dwaine Cotes, Yueping Guo, Brian Foist, Blaine Rawdon, Sean Wakayama, Emily Dallara, Ed Kowalski, Joe Wa, Ismail Robbana, Sergey Barmichev, Larry Fink, Mithra Sankrithi, Edward White
Kurt Murrow, Jeff Hammel, Srini Gowda
Michelle Kirby, Hongjun Ran, Teawoo Nam, Jimmy Tai, Chris Perullo
Joe Schetz, Rakesh Kapania
Mark Guynn, Erik Olson, Gerald Brown, Larry Leavitt, Richard Wahls, Doug Wells, James Felder, Casey Burley, John Martin
Federal Aviation Administration
Rhett Jeffries, Christopher Sequierahttps://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/20120009038.pdf
2012 National Institute of Aeronautics and NASA (applied engineering) “MPD Augmentation of a Thermal Air Rocket Utilizing Low Energy Nuclear Reactions” Roger Lepsch, NASA Langley Research Center; Matt Fischer, National Institute of Aerospace; Christopher Jones, National Institute of Aerospace; Alan Wilhite, National Institute of Aerospace. Presented at the 53rd AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference, April 26, 2012. https://arc.aiaa.org/doi/abs/10.2514/6.2012-1351
2012 (JWK) Global Energy Corporation news (SPAWAR LENR tech)
“Virginia Firm Offers Nuclear Energy” Jun 2012 By Emmanuel T. Erediano
http://www.mvariety.com/cnmi/cnmi-news/local/46996-virginia-firm-offers-nuclear-energy.php Quote “Lawrence P.G. Forsley, vice president for science and technology of Global Energy Corp. (globalenergycorporation.com), said their “revolutionary technology” is based on the “new science of hybrid fusion fast fission” green nuclear energy, or “Genie.” Forsley said he is among the GEC scientists who conducted 23 years of research and development with the U.S. Navy. He said they completed the design of a safe, clean, secure and affordable green hybrid fusion nuclear reactor for commercial uses. Genie reactors, he said, don’t use a uranium-235 chain reaction. Without a chain reaction, there can’t be a runaway, core meltdown, no explosions initiated by the meltdowns and no radioactive fallout, he added. Genie reactors, Forsley said, don’t have nuclear waste problems. It doesn’t need a spent fuel pool nor a spent fuel waste storage dump. It “burns” uranium-238 that comprises 95 percent of conventional nuclear waste. Therefore, Genie actually “cleans” nuclear waste, he added. Dayberry said Genie will cut consumer power costs by 50 percent.” -end quotes ALSO “Guam Eyes Clean Nuclear Power” http://www.mvariety.com/cnmi/cnmi-news/local/43960-guam-eyes-clean-nuclear-power
Quote: “We’re generation five,” Dr. Khim (President of Global Energy Corp) told the Variety during an exclusive interview, “and first of all this is a brand new concept.” He said safety is the first consideration, and that cannot be ensured by building higher walls around reactors, as Japan saw last year with Fukushima.
“You have to change the basic science of nuclear power,” Khim explained. “We’ve been working with the U.S. Navy for about 22 years and the basic science phase is now over. Now we’re going into commercial development, which the Navy is not going to do.” But Khim says the science has been repeatedly duplicated by the Navy, and has been proven, recognized and published.
Officials of the Navy on Guam, including Capt. John V. Heckmann Jr., CO of Naval Facilities and a professional engineer, attended the GEC briefing.
The GEC board of directors, Khim says, includes some well-known Washington D.C. Players, including former Secretary of Defense Frank Carlucci, former Congressman and Secretary of Transportation Norman Mineta, and former U.S. Congressman Tom Davis, among others.” -end quotes
(editors note) E-Cat’s Ferrara Italy tests held in December 2012 and March 2013
“Indication of anomalous heat energy production in a reactor device containing hydrogen loaded nickel powder.” https://arxiv.org/pdf/1305.3913.pdf
2013 Navy Patent (a 2009 patent continuation) “Excess enthalpy upon pressurization of dispersed palladium with hydrogen or deuterium” US9192918B2 Original Assignee: The United States Of America, As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy – Inventors: David A. Kidwell (ed. note: see PRIORITY CLAIM) i.e. “All applications listed in this paragraph as well as all other publications and patent documents referred to throughout this nonprovisional application are incorporated herein by reference.” – Filing date: Aug 8, 2013 – GRANT issued: Nov 24, 2015 https://www.google.com/patents/US9192918B2
May 2013 NASA Publication NASA/TM-2013-217981, L-20240, NF1676L-16305- “Advanced-to-Revolutionary Space Technology Options – The Responsibly Imaginable” Apr 1, 2013 Dennis M. Bushnell – See pg. 13, ‘Low Energy Nuclear Reactions, the Realism and the Outlook’ Quote “- given the truly massive-to-mind boggling benefits – solutions to climate, energy and the limitations that restrict the NASA Mission areas, all of them. The key to space exploration is energetics. The key to supersonic transports and neighbor-friendly personal fly/drive air vehicles is energetics, as simplex examples of the potential implications of this area of research.” –Dennis Bushnell, Chief Scientist NASA Langley on the energetics of LENR.https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20130011698
2013 Boeing Patent (applied engineering) “Rotational annular airscrew with integrated acoustic arrester” CA2824290A1 Applicant: The Boeing Company, Matthew D. Moore, Kelly L. Boren – Filing date: Aug 16, 2013 – Publication date: May 12, 2014 – “ The contra-rotating forward coaxial electric motor and the contra-rotating aft coaxial electric motor are coupled to at least one energy source. The contra-rotating forward coaxial electric motor 126 and the contra-rotating aft coaxial electric motor may be directly coupled to the at least one energy source, or through various control and/or power distribution circuits. The energy source may comprise, for example, a system to convert chemical, solar or nuclear energy into electricity within or coupled to a volume bearing structure. The energy source may comprise, for example but without limitation, a battery, a fuel cell, a solar cell, an energy harvesting device, low energy nuclear reactor (LENR), a hybrid propulsion system, or other energy source.https://www.google.com/patents/CA2824290A1
(editors note) E-Cat’s Oct. 2014 32 day test in Lugano, Switzerland
2014 NASA and California Polytechnic State University (applied engineering)“Impact of Advanced Energy Technologies on Aircraft Design” Authors: Roger Lepsch – NASA Langley Research Center, Matt Fischer – National Institute of Aerospace, Christopher Jones – National Institute of Aerospace, Alan Wilhite – National Institute of Aerospace; 52nd Aerospace Sciences Meeting, AIAA SciTech, (AIAA 2014-0538) Jan 17, 2014. Quote “The impact of low energy nuclear reaction (LENR) technology on the design of aircraft is examined. Energy conversion possibilities considered and a Brayton cycle engine with a LENR heat exchanger is selected. Potential aerospace applications of LENR devices are discussed and a high altitude (HALE) unmanned aeriel vehicle with multi-year endurance is conceptualized with primary focus on energy management.” -end quote. http://arc.aiaa.org/doi/10.2514/6.2014-0538
2014 NASA and Georgia Institute of Technology (applied engineering) “The Application of LENR to Synergistic Mission Capabilities” Presented at AIAA AVIATION 2014 Atlanta, GA USA, Douglas P. Wells NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA, Dimitri N. Mavris Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia https://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/20150000549.pdf
2014 NASA and Cal Tech Presentation (applied engineering) “Low Energy Nuclear Reaction Aircraft” NASA Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate (ARMD) 2014 Seedling Technical Seminar, February 19–27, 2014.
California Polytechnic State University • Dr. Rob McDonald • Advanced Topics in Aircraft Design course (10wks) • Sponsored Research Project Team
NASA Glenn Research Center • Jim Felder, Chris Snyder
NASA Langley Research Center • Bill Fredericks, Roger Lepsch, John Martin, Mark Moore, Doug Wells, Joe Zawodny
2016 – May 4th, U.S. House Committee on Armed Services (LENR inquire)
Quote “The committee is aware of recent positive developments in developing low energy nuclear reactions (LENR), which produce ultra clean, low cost renewable energy that have strong national security implications.
…the committee directs the Secretary of Defense to provide a briefing on the military utility of recent U.S. industrial base LENR advancements to the House Committee on Armed Services by September 22, 2016.
See Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENR) Briefing, pg 87, “National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017″https://www.congress.gov/114/crpt/hrpt537/CRPT-114hrpt537.pdf
(editors note) E-Cat QX demo held November, 2017 in Stockholm, Sweden.
2017 Global Energy Corporation LENR Update (SPAWAR LENR tech) – Quote: Our team of scientists and consultants have solid backgrounds in both technology and business for the development of energy technology. With GEC you get the benefit of experience that’s been acquired year after year, job after job.
While development of NanoStar and Nanomite is ongoing, GEC initial focus is the product development and commercialization of Small Modular Generators (SMG’s) using Hybrid Fusion technology. GEC is currently negotiating several new SMG construction contracts ranging from 250MWe to 5GWe around the world.
After 20 years of R&D and product development, GEC has developed a truly safe, clean and secure atomic energy generator through hybrid fusion-fast-fission Technology. These SMG’s are safe (no chain reaction-no melt down), clean (uses nuclear waste/unenriched U as fuel), and secure (no enrichment and no reprocessing).
2006 – Global Energy Corporation founded
2011 – Subsidiary GEC Global LLC established for development of conventional power plants
2012 – BOT signed to develop and build a 50MWe GEC SMG Power Plant on the island of Saipan
2013 – Patent issued for Technology – end quotes http://www.gec.solutions
Entities of Interest from the Review
‘United States Government LENR Energy 2018′
Inventors, Authors and other Persons of Interest
Brian S. Ahern, Marty K. Bradley, Kelly L. Boren, Pamela A. Boss, Frank Carlucci, Harry R. Clark Jr., Tom DavisChristopher K. Droney, Albert Epshteyn, Matt Fischer, Lawrence Parker Galloway Forsley, Frank E. Gordon, Capt. John V. Heckmann Jr., Keith H. Johnson, C, hristopher Jones, Jay Wook Khim, David A. Kidwell, Roger Lepsch, Dimitri N. Mavris, Matthew D. Moore, Norman Mineta, Stanislaw Szpak, Douglas P. Wells, Alan Wilhite
Companies of Interest
JWK International Corporation http://www.jwk.com/site/
Global Energy Corporation http://www.gec.solutions
Hydroelectron Ventures Inc
Spaceworks Enterprises Inc. Advanced Concepts Group (ACG)http://spaceworkseng.com/
National Institute of Aerospace (NIA) http://www.nianet.org
General Electric https://www.ge.com/
American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics AIAA https://www.aiaa.org/
Universities of Interest
Massachusetts Institute of Technology http://web.mit.edu/. Georgia Tech (Georgia Institute of Technology) http://www.gatech.edu/, Vermont Technical College https://www.vtc.edu/, Cal Poly San Luis Obispo – California State University
U.S. Agencies and Labs of Interest
United States Department of Defense (DoD) https://www.defense.gov
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) https://www.darpa.mil/
Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA) Energetics Center Indian Headhttp://www.navsea.navy.mil/Home/Warfare-Centers/NSWC-Indian-Head-EOD-Technology/Who-We-Are/
Naval Surface Warfare Center Dahlgren Division (NSWCDDhttp://www.navsea.navy.mil/Home/Warfare-Centers/NSWC-Dahlgren/
Naval Surface Warfare Center, Indian Head Divisionhttp://www.navsea.navy.mil/Home/Warfare-Centers/NSWC-Indian-Head-EOD-Technology/
NASA Langley Research Center https://www.nasa.gov/langley, Federal Aviation Administration https://www.faa.gov/,
Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command (SPAWAR)www.public.navy.mil/spawar